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Geiger, Roy Stanley "Jiggs"

Date of birth:
January 25th, 1885 (Middleburg/Florida, United States)
Date of death:
January 23rd, 1947 (Bethesda/Maryland, United States)
Buried on:
Arlington National Cemetery
Nationality:
American (1776 - present, Republic)

Biography

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Period:
First World War (1914-1918)
Rank:
Captain
Unit:
Airplane Squadron No. 2, 1st Marine Aviation Force, Northern Bombing Group, U.S. Navy
"For distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of Airplane Squadron No. 2, 1st Marine Aviation Force, attached to the Northern Bomb Group (USN), in which capacity he trained and led this Squadron on bombing raids against the enemy. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States."
Navy Cross
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Major General
Unit:
Aviation Units Guadalcanal, U.S. Marine Corps Aviation, U.S. Marine Corps
Awarded on:
November 9th, 1942
Navy Cross
"For extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as Commanding Officer, Aviation Units (Guadalcanal), during action against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands from 3 September 1942 to 4 November 1942. Despite almost continuous bombardment by enemy aircraft, hostile naval gunfire and shore-based artillery, the combined total of Army, Navy and Marine Corps units stationed at Guadalcanal under Major General Geiger's efficiently coordinated command, succeeded in shooting down 286 Japanese planes in aerial combat and inflicting damage on a number estimated to be great. Aerial attacks launched under his direction destroyed 23 additional aircraft on the ground or water, sank six enemy vessels including one heavy cruiser and five light cruisers. Directing operations under hazardous conditions frequently imperiling his own life, Major General Geiger, by his tenacious fortitude and unerring devotion to duty, served as an inspiration to all the officers and men under his command."
This award was obtained in the form of an Gold Star to be attached on the ribbon of the first award, wich was received during the First World War.
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Major General
Unit:
III Marine Amphibious Corps, U.S. Marine Corps
Awarded on:
1945
Distinguished Service Medal - Army (DSM)
"For exceptionally meritorious service to the Government of the United States in a duty of great responsibility as Commanding General of the Third Amphibious Corps, in action against enemy Japanese forces prior to and during the seizure of the Southern Palau Islands in September 1944. Inculcating in the officers and men of his divisions his own indomitable spirit of aggressiveness, Major General Geiger united the FIRST Marine Division, the 81st -Army Division and Corps Troops into a formidable fighting command, directing their final training and rehearsals for 4 the assaults on Peleliu, Angaur and Ngesebus with expedient skill and efficiency. A bold tactician, he landed his forces in defiance of the continuous, shattering bombardment laid down by enemy guns strategically concealed in commanding positions and pushed his relentless advance yard by yard through the difficult and dangerous terrain. Fighting furiously and without respite toward his objectives, he drove the Japanese garrisons from their intricate system of defenses with inexorable determination until he had succeeded in crushing the fanatic opposition of a desperate and ruthless enemy despite heavy corps casualties. Repeatedly disregarding his own personal safety, Major -General Geiger kept himself fully appraised of both the enemy situation and that of his own troops, frequently traversing his front lines under merciless blasts of artillery and mortar fire and, by his undaunted valor, tenacious perseverance and staunch leadership in the face of tremendous odds, constantly inspired his stouthearted Marines and soldiers to heroic effort during the most critical phases of the fierce battle. His resolute fortitude and decisive conduct throughout the entire Palau Campaign reflect the highest credit upon Major General Geiger, his gallant command and the United States Naval Service."
War Department, General Orders No. 80
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Major General
Unit:
I Marine Amphibious Corps, U.S. Marine Corps
"For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service to the Government of the United States in a duty of great responsibility as Commanding General of the FIRST Marine Amphibious Corps during operations on Bougainville Island, British Solomon Islands, from November 9 to December 15 1943. Undeterred by formidable problems of logistics due to extremely difficult terrain and dense jungle, and despite unfavorable weather, unhealthful climate and fierce enemy resistance, Major General Geiger successfully seized and held an important position on the west coast of Bougainville, extending it for the construction of airfields vitally necessary to further operations in the Solomons. Due to his brilliant leadership, personal courage and complete understanding of the task, the units under Major General Geiger's command contributed directly to the neutralization of determined enemy forces in this area and to the acquisition of a strategically important position for future Allied operations. The skillful planning and daring tactical generalship displayed by Major General Geiger throughout this hazardous operation reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service."
Distinguished Service Medal - Navy/USMC
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Major General
Unit:
III Marine Amphibious Corps, U.S. Marine Corps
"For exceptionally meritorious service to the Government of the United States in a duty of great responsibility as Commanding General of the THIRD Amphibious Corps and of the Southern Troops and Landing Force in preparation for and during the campaign against the Marianas Islands and in the capture of Guam Island in the Summer of 1944. Working tirelessly and with sound judgment and splendid initiative, Major General Geiger successfully welded into a superb amphibious assault team the Third Marine Division, Reinforced the First Provisional Marine Brigade, and the Corps Troops and Artillery, Immediately following the assault landings, he effectively combined the Seventy-Seventh Army Division with the Southern Landing Force, subsequently directing the combat operations of this powerful force in the vital task of seizing important beachheads, capturing the harbor and surrounding heights and ultimately overwhelming the remaining island defenses. Major General Geiger's forceful leadership, brilliant tactical skill and distinguished service in the achievement of a strategically important mission were an inspiration to his gallant command and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service."
This award was obtained in the form of an Gold Star to be attached on the ribbon of the first award.
Distinguished Service Medal - Navy/USMC
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Major General
Unit:
III Marine Amphibious Corps, U.S. Marine Corps
"For exceptionally meritorious service to the Government of the United States in a duty of great responsibility while serving in the highly responsible position of Commanding General, III Amphibious Corps, supervised the planning for his corps' participation in the invasion of Okinawa and led his well-integrated force throughout the struggle for the Ryukyu Islands stronghold. Going ashore with the early landing elements on 1 April 1945, he began a bitter, three-month campaign by skillfully coordinating the initial drive of the First Marine Division across the island with the swift advance of the Sixth Marine Division to the north. Subsequently, he employed both divisions on the southern front against desperate, fanatic resistance. With outstanding professional skill, forceful leadership and unswerving determination, he directed his units, blending their effort with that of the entire task force, repeatedly disregarding personal safety to secure a first-hand estimate of the battle situation and inspiring his men to heights of bravery and accomplishment. Through his exceptional performance, General Geiger was in large measure responsible for the success of the operation which secured a tremendously important base on the doorstep of the Japanese home islands."
This award was obtained in the form of a second Gold Star to be attached on the ribbon of the first award.
Distinguished Service Medal - Navy/USMC
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Lieutenant General (Lieutenant-General)
World War Two Victory Medal
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Lieutenant General (Lieutenant-General)
With a silver service star issued in lieu of five bronze.
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal

Sources