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Hohn, Hermann Dr.

Date of birth:
October 11th, 1897 (Renchen/Baden-Württemberg, Germany)
Date of death:
November 13th, 1968 (Ladenburg/Baden-Württemberg, Germany)
Nationality:
German (1933-1945, Third Reich)

Biography

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Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Major
Unit:
Adjutant 72.Infanterie-Division
Awarded on:
June 26th, 1940
Had already received the Iron Cross 2nd Class on October 31st 1917.
1939 Spange zum Eisernen Kreuzes 2er Klasse 1914
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Major
Unit:
Bataillons-Kommandeur II. / Infanterie-Regiment 105
Awarded on:
July 23rd, 1941
Had already received the Iron Cross 1st Class in March 1919.
1939 Spange zum Eisernen Kreuzes 1er Klasse 1914
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberstleutnant
Unit:
Kommandeur Infanterie-Regiment 105
Awarded on:
December 14th, 1942
1393th Award.
Was mentioned in the Ehrenblatt and received the Spange after its introduction.
Ehrenblattspange des Heeres und Waffen-SS
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberst
Unit:
Grenadier-Regiment 105
Awarded on:
April 17th, 1943
Award 359/19
Deutsches Kreuz in Gold
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberst (Colonel)
Unit:
stellvertretender Führer 72.Infanterie-Division / III.Panzer-Korps / 8.Armee / Heeresgruppe Süd
Awarded on:
November 28th, 1943
Starting on the 14.11.1943 Oberst Hohn and his battered Division were stationed as the primary defenders of the city of Cherkassy, a cornerstone of the Dnieper front, against a much superior enemy. On the 15.11.1943, in response to the formation of the dangerous enemy bridgehead around Swidowok, Hohn launched a flank attack that got as far as Swidowok itself by dangerously exposing the remainder of his front. The risk paid off however, and by doing so he prevented the penetration of strong enemy forces into the flank and rear of the German lines.

Later, on the 22.11.1943, the Soviets launched a powerful combined arms assault with 7 regiments backed up with AFVs and artillery. It managed to create a broad gap in the German frontline and penetrate into the rear of the defense, while advancing eastwards. Coupled with the simultaneous massed assaults east of Cherkassy itself, there was a real danger the city would be encircled. In response Hohn made the independent decision to send a Kampfgruppe from the south into the flank and rear of the penetrating enemy, which busted open the encirclement ring southeast of Cherkassy. Hohn would subsequently play a major role in destroying the enemy forces that were trapped by this maneuver.

He would later be awarded the Knight’s Cross for his notable defensive achievements during this time.
2375th Award.
Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberst
Unit:
stellvertretender Führer 72.Infanterie-Division / III.Panzer-Korps / 8.Armee / Heeresgruppe Süd
Awarded on:
December 6th, 1943
Wehrmachtbericht
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberst (Colonel)
Unit:
Führer 72.Infanterie-Division / 8.Armee / Heeresgruppe Süd
Awarded on:
March 1st, 1944
Awarded for his leadership of the 72. Infanterie-Division during the battle for the Korsun pocket. During the breakout from the pocket Hohn swam through the Gniloi Tikitsch and waited on the west bank of the river in his frozen-stiff uniform until he was certain that all the men of his Division had crossed.
410th Award.
Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Generalmajor
Unit:
Kommandeur 72.Infanterie-Division
Awarded on:
August 19th, 1944
Wehrmachtbericht
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Generalmajor (Brigadier)
Unit:
Kommandeur 72.Infanterie Division / 4.Panzer-Armee / Heeresgruppe A
Awarded on:
October 31st, 1944
Awarded for the outstanding leadership of his Division during the fighting in summer 1944 in the Sandomierz-Opatow-Ostrowice area.
109th Award
Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
1934
Ehrenkreuz für Frontkämpfer
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
March 1919
Eisernes Kreuz 1.Klasse (1914)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
October 31st, 1917
Eisernes Kreuz 2.Klasse (1914)

Sources

  • Photo 1: Wilco Vermeer
  • Photo: Wilco Vermeer collection, the Netherlands
  • - THOMAS, FRANZ & WEGMANN, GÜNTER, Die Eichenlaubträger 1940-1945, Biblio-Verlag, 1997.
    - Die Ordensträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht (CD), VMD-Verlag GmbH, Osnabrück, 2002
    - Kwasny A., Kwasny G., Die Eichenlaubträger 1940-1945 (CD), Deutsches Wehrkundearchiv, Lage-Waddenhausen, 2001
    - Fellgiebel W.P., Elite of the Third Reich, The recipients of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939-1945: A Reference, Helion & Company Limited, Solihull, 2003, ISBN 1-874622-46-9
    - Patzwall K., Scherzer V., Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941-1945, Geschichte und Inhaber Band II, Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall, Norderstedt, 2001, ISBN 3-931533-45-X

Photo