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Stumbling Stones Bakenessergracht 46

Stolpersteinen Bakenessergracht 46, Haarlem

On April 14, 2022, stumbling stones were placed here for Simon Philip de Vries, rabbi and his wife Judith de Vries-de Jong. Born in Neede, Simon Philip de Vries received Jewish lessons in nearby Borculo. He attended the Dutch-Israelite Seminary in Amsterdam, but left this institution before he had passed the highest examination (for rabbi). Chief Rabbi DŁnner, however, gave him the right to call himself a rabbi. Simon Philip de Vries was appointed religious teacher in Haarlem in 1892. He was also secretary of the Jewish community in Haarlem.
Simon Philip de Vries is the author of the standard work Jewish rites and symbols, which initially appeared as a serial in the Haarlemse Courant. The book is written for a non-Jewish audience. His wife Judith, who was called Grietje, ran the large family, hosted the many visitors and supported her husband in his work.

The small brass plaques of 10 by 10 cm, in the pavement in front of houses of which the (mostly Jewish) residents were persecuted and mostly murdered by the National-Socialists, mention the name, date of birth and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death.

In many other cities and villages, mainly in Germany but also in other European countries, the memorials also can be found. There are already many thousands of these plaques and their number is still counting. Almost all Stolpersteine are laid by the German artist himself, Gunter Demnig.

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  • Text: TracesOfWar en Stichting Struikelstenen Haarlem
  • Photos: Stichting Struikelstenen Haarlem