Stumbling Stones Amstel 49a

These small, brass memorial plaques (stolpersteine or stumbling stones) commemorate:

* Joseph Bronkhorst, born 1911, arrested 11 November 1942, deported 1942 from Westerbork, murdered 28 February 1943 Auschwitz.
* Judith Bronkhorst-Trompetter, born 1913, arrested 11 November 1942, deported 1942 from Westerbork, murdered 11 December 1942 Auschwitz.

Joseph Bronkhorst, a painter (schilder) and Judith Trompetter married and had a daughter and a son, both of whom survived.

Joseph’s parents were murdered in Sobibor on 11 June 1943. Joseph apparently had 3 siblings. The fates of two are not known, but his brother Jacob was killed in Sobibor in July 1943.

Judith’s parents were murdered in Sobibor on 28 May 1943. Four of her siblings were murdered in the Holocaust; three others survived.

"Stolpersteine" is an art project for Europe by Gunter Demnig to commemorate victims of National Socialism (Nazism). Stolpersteine (stumbling stones) are small brass plaques placed in the pavement in front of the last voluntary residence of (mostly Jewish) victims who were murdered by the Nazis. Each plaque is engraved with the victim’s name, date of birth and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death. By doing this, Gunter Demnig gives an individual memorial to each victim. One stone, one name, one person. He cites the Talmud: "A human being is forgotten only when his or her name is forgotten."
Borne was the first town in the Netherlands in which Stolpersteine were placed -- on 29 November 2007.

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