Kriegsverdienstkreuz 1.Klasse mit Schwertern

The War Merit Cross 1st. class with swords (Kriegsverdienstkreuz 1. klasse mit Schwertern), also know as the KVK 1 was instituted on 18-10-1939 by Hitler. Like the KVK 2, this award could be awarded to military personal as well as to civilians (m/f) for bravery which was not directly connected with frontline actions. For example for maintenance of frontline vehicles and equipment, outstanding performance by the civil defence and security tasks. The recipient had to have been awarded the KVK 2 before the KVK 1 could be awarded, but on special occasions it was possible that both decorations were awarded at the same time.

This award is identical in design to the KVK 2 with Swords, but is silver washed instead of bronze. The reverse is flat and has a large pin and hook construction. In some examples the mint mark is stamped on the reverse of the award or on the pin itself. There is a version in existence where the pin and hook construction has been replaced by a screw with a large screw cap. This version is similar to the Iron Cross 1 with screw back. In some cases the screw back is marked. One well known manufacturer of this screw back is: Glaser & Sohn from Dresden. (L/58) Some other well know manufacturers of the KVK 1 are Steinhauser & Lück from Lüdenscheid (4), Ferdinand Hoffstädter from Bonn am Rhein (8), Friedrich Orth from Vienna (15), Karl Gschiermeister from Vienna (50), Gottlieb & Wagner from Idar/Oberstein (52), Robert Hauschild from Pforzheim (56), Kerbach & Oesterheld from Dresden (62), Klein & Quenzer from Idar/Oberstein (65), Rudolf Richter from Schlag (89), Wilhelm Deumer WD from Lüdenscheid (L/11), Otto Schickel from Pforzheim (L/15), C.F. Zimmermann from Pforzheim (L/52) and Glaser & Sohn from Dresden (L/58).

The award was presented in a black box with a black filling with a slit to accommodate the pin. For the screw back version the filling was made in the shape of the screw back. The inside of the lid was covered with white silk, the outside bore the silhouette of the award in silver. The medal was awarded with a standard citation. The award was worn on the left breast pocket, just like the Iron Cross 1. It is estimated that a total of 483.603 decorations have been awarded during WWII.

Alt, Erich* June 26th, 1887
† August 22nd, 1966

Grid List
Eichmann, Otto Adolf* March 19th, 1906
† June 1st, 1962

Eggen, Hans Wilhelm* June 5th, 1912

Ewerth, Klaus* March 28th, 1907
† December 20th, 1943

Eisenbeck, Martin* February 13th, 1895

Erdmann, Kurt† November 10th, 1966

Epp, Ritter von, Franz* October 16th, 1868
† January 31st, 1947

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Erfurth, Waldemar* August 4th, 1879
† May 2nd, 1971

Ennsberger, Alois* October 26th, 1914

Engel, Johann* May 15th, 1894
† July 18th, 1973

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Euling, Karl-Heinz* August 16th, 1919
† April 14th, 2014

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Engelhardt, Conrad* March 26th, 1898
† October 28th, 1973

Eigler, Johann* January 31st, 1913

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Ewert, Walther* November 20th, 1903
† July 4th, 1976

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Engel, Gerhard* April 13th, 1906
† December 9th, 1976

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Eggers, Wilhelm* October 19th, 1912
† 1945

Edelmann, Karl* July 5th, 1891
† January 25th, 1971

Eckhardt, Alfred* May 30th, 1872
† February 10th, 1960

Eberle, Rene* November 8th, 1891
† March 21st, 1945

Eulenburg, Graf zu, Jonas Kasimir* July 26th, 1901
† April 8th, 1945

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Sources