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Edwards, James Francis "Stocky"

Date of birth:
June 5th, 1921 (Nokomis/Saskatchewan, Canada)
Date of death:
May 14th, 2022 (Comox/British Columbia, Canada)
Service number:
J. 16077
Nationality:
Canadian (1931-present, Constitutional Monarchy)

Biography

James Edwards was born in Nokomis, Saskatchewan but grew up in Battleford on Saskatchewan's Great Plains, Saskatchewan, during the Great Depression. As a youth, he worked on his uncle's farm, enjoyed hunting and excelled at high school hockey at St. Thomas College. When war came to Europe and Canada's mother countries, he sacrificed a scholarship to Gonzaga University, Spokane, and a tryout with Chicago's Blackhawks hockey team to enlist in October 1940 in the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) and completed flight training in early 1941. By July he found himself at No. 55 OTU near Newcastle in the North of England undergoing fighter pilot training. In January 1942 Edwards was posted to 94 Squadron in Egypt as a Flight Sergeant. The squadron was flying Kittyhawks and became operational in March. On his first operational mission, escorting Boston's to the well defended Martuba airfield, he made his victory with the destruction of a Me 109F of Jagdgeschwader 27. By May, 94 Squadron had suffered heavy losses and was withdrawn from front line activity. Edwards was posted to 260 Squadron. On his first mission with 260 he damaged an Me 109 and on his second mission he destroyed another.
After being rested as a gunnery instructor with 203 Group at El Ballah, Edwards was promoted to Squadron Leader and joined 417 Squadron in Italy in November flying Spitfire Mk VIIIs. He was transferred to 92 Squadron in December as a flight commander also flying the Spitfire VIII. Eddie continued to add to his score with this unit in early 1944. By March he was posted to take command of 274 Squadron in England which was just re-equipping Spitfire Mk. IXs. Operations began in May and included patrols over the Normandy beaches and bomber escorts. In August the unit began conversion to Tempests for "anti-diver" (V1) sorties. Shortly afterwards, Squadron Leader Edward's second tour ended and he returned to Canada on leave.
After a few brief postings, he returned overseas in March 1945 becoming the Wing Commander Flying of 127 Wing. He managed to make three more claims before the war ended in Europe and he returned to Canada in August. His final tally at the end of World War II was 15 and 3 shared destroyed and 13 damaged. He was the third highest scoring pilot of the Royal Canadian Air Force. James Edwards remained with the R.C.A.F. after World War II. He commanded RCAF Centralia until March 1947. He served with a Search and Rescue unit in 1949 and at a recruiting center in 1950-51. In November 1951, he formed and commanded 430 Squadron which was the first Canadian unit to be equipped with F-86 Sabres. Edwards attended staff college in September 1955 and then he served at the USAF Air Defence HQ in Colorado Springs for four years. When Edwards returned to Canada in 1959 he went on a conversion course for the CF-100 "Canuck" All-Weather Fighter. In September 1962, he became Deputy Operations Officer of the 41st Air Division then in July 1966 he returned to Colorado Springs as a Plans Officer with NORAD. Under the Canadian Forces unification program, the Wing Commander became Lieutenant-Colonel Edwards and his final posting was as the OC Canadian Forces Station Badly Hughes. He retired in 1972 and took up residence in British Columbia.
The autobiography "Kittyhawk Pilot: Wing Cdr. J.F. (Stocky) Edwards" was written in collaboration with J.P.A. Michel Lavigne and is highly recommended reading for anyone interested in learning more about Stocky's wartime experiences or the desert air war in general.

Promotions:
1st January, 1942: Flight Sergeant
4th July, 1942: Warrant Officer (2nd Class)
1st August, 1942: Warrant Officer (1st Class)
10th August, 1942: Commissioned
21st December, 1942: Flying Officer with simultaneous promotion to
Flight Lieutenant
6th March, 1944: Squadron Leader
6th April, 1945: Wing Commander

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Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Flight Sergeant (now Pilot Officer)
Unit:
No. 260 Squadron, Royal Air Force
Awarded on:
January 25th, 1943
Citation:
"Flight Sergeant Edwards is an extremely capable soldier and a superbly gallant fighter pilot. Since October 1942, he has destroyed six enemy aircraft while participating in numerous sorties over enemy territory. He has displayed outstanding coolness and courage in the face of opposition while his cheerful and imperturbable spirit has been an inspiration to the squadron."

AFRO 373/43 dated 5 March 1943
Distinguished Flying Medal (DFM)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Flight Lieutenant
Unit:
No. 260 Squadron, Royal Air Force
Awarded on:
February 3rd, 1943
Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC)
Citation:
"In December 1942, Flight Lieutenant Edwards was commander of a formation engaged in patrol duties over our forward troops. During the flight ten enemy aircraft were encountered and Flight Lieutenant Edwards destroyed one of five which were shot down. Two days later he destroyed another hostile aircraft bringing his total victories to eight. This officer has invariably displayed outstanding gallantry and devotion to duty."

AFRO 410/43 dated 12 March 1943
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Squadron Leader
Unit:
No. 274 Squadron, Royal Air Force
Awarded on:
October 27th, 1944
Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC)
Citation:
"This officer has successfully completed a very large number of operational flights and has destroyed thirteen enemy aircraft. He is a keen and courageous pilot whose example and leadership have been most inspiring."

AFRO 2637/44 dated 8 December 1944.
Second DFC awarded as a bar for on the ribbon of the first DFC.
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Wing Commander
Awarded on:
January 1st, 1946

AFRO 322/46 dated 29 March 1946
Mentioned in Dispatches
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
November 28th, 2014
Chevalier de l' Ordre National de la Legion d'Honneur

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