Kriegsverdienstkreuz 1.Klasse mit Schwertern

The War Merit Cross 1st. class with swords (Kriegsverdienstkreuz 1. klasse mit Schwertern), also know as the KVK 1 was instituted on 18-10-1939 by Hitler. Like the KVK 2, this award could be awarded to military personal as well as to civilians (m/f) for bravery which was not directly connected with frontline actions. For example for maintenance of frontline vehicles and equipment, outstanding performance by the civil defence and security tasks. The recipient had to have been awarded the KVK 2 before the KVK 1 could be awarded, but on special occasions it was possible that both decorations were awarded at the same time.

This award is identical in design to the KVK 2 with Swords, but is silver washed instead of bronze. The reverse is flat and has a large pin and hook construction. In some examples the mint mark is stamped on the reverse of the award or on the pin itself. There is a version in existence where the pin and hook construction has been replaced by a screw with a large screw cap. This version is similar to the Iron Cross 1 with screw back. In some cases the screw back is marked. One well known manufacturer of this screw back is: Glaser & Sohn from Dresden. (L/58) Some other well know manufacturers of the KVK 1 are Steinhauser & Lück from Lüdenscheid (4), Ferdinand Hoffstädter from Bonn am Rhein (8), Friedrich Orth from Vienna (15), Karl Gschiermeister from Vienna (50), Gottlieb & Wagner from Idar/Oberstein (52), Robert Hauschild from Pforzheim (56), Kerbach & Oesterheld from Dresden (62), Klein & Quenzer from Idar/Oberstein (65), Rudolf Richter from Schlag (89), Wilhelm Deumer WD from Lüdenscheid (L/11), Otto Schickel from Pforzheim (L/15), C.F. Zimmermann from Pforzheim (L/52) and Glaser & Sohn from Dresden (L/58).

The award was presented in a black box with a black filling with a slit to accommodate the pin. For the screw back version the filling was made in the shape of the screw back. The inside of the lid was covered with white silk, the outside bore the silhouette of the award in silver. The medal was awarded with a standard citation. The award was worn on the left breast pocket, just like the Iron Cross 1. It is estimated that a total of 483.603 decorations have been awarded during WWII.

Alt, Erich* June 26th, 1887
† August 22nd, 1966

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Trautvetter, Willy   
Toussaint, Rudolf02-05-189100-08-1968more 
Trenker, Othmar "Alfred"00-00-190500-00-1986 
Terboven, Josef Antonius Heinrich23-05-189808-05-1945more 
Tammann, Heinrich Johann Gustav Linus Alexander28-11-189416-03-1946 
Tank, Kurt Waldemar24-02-189805-06-1983 
Taupitz, Karl   
Teichert, Horst   
Temme, Heinrich   
Tensfeld, Willy27-11-189302-09-1982more 
Teske, Hermann   
Thaut, Rudolf   
Thedsen, Otto   
Theiß, Rudolf18-12-188717-06-1961 
Thiel, Dr., Karl   
Thiel, Walter02-03-191018-08-1943 
Thielmann, Alfred20-07-1892  
Tholens, Hermann19-05-188216-10-1967 
Thom, Georg   
Tiburtius, Joachim07-07-1910  
Tietze, Heinz   
Tix, Arthur16-12-189707-02-1971 
Topp, Erich02-07-191426-12-2005more 
Toppe, Alfred   
Trautvetter, Rudolf   
Treuhaupt, Kurt16-04-1898  
Turek, Anton 00-00-1955 
Tümpling, von, Hans   
Täffner, Otto17-07-189601-05-1945 
Tönnis, Wilhelm16-06-189812-09-1978