Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten, first Count Mountbatten of Burma, PC (Privy Council) was born on June 25, 1900 in Windsor Castle and lost his life in a bombing attack by the IRA on August 27, 1979 in the Bight of Sligo, Ireland. He was an Admiral of the Fleet, vice-Roy of India and the first Governor General of India after its independence and chief of the General Staff of the United Kingdom from the noble family of Battenberg. He was an uncle of Prince Philip, husband of Queen Elizabeth II. In 1979 he and 3 others fell victim to a bombing attack carried out by a member of the Provisional Irish Republican Army.
Mountbatten's role during WW 2 and in particular during the transition to independence of India and Pakistan is subject to discussion by his entourage and in the public sector. His career, led by the PR had a massive influence on his comtemporaries.
During WW 2 he was in command of the destroyer H.M.S. Kelly; he was famous for his courageous and daring actions which were also included in the propaganda movie "In which we serve" by director Noel Coward. He was appointed Chief of Operations in October 1941. His work entailed planning military strategies for the liberation of continental Europe. In January 1942, as Chief of Combined Operations, he was ordered to launch an attack on the coastal town of Dieppe in northern France which was occupied by the German 302. Infanterie-Division. This attack, codenamed Operation Jubilee was launched on August 19, 1942, resulted in massive losses and is generally considered a failure. Eventually, lessons were learned from this failure (See Operation Overlord). The reasons for this failure were poor planning, little know-how and numerous wrong estimates of the British commander.
Between 1943 – 1945 Mountbatten was Supreme Commander Allied Forces in Southeastern Asia (SEAC) where he held an important position in the Burma campaign. In recognition of his achievements, in particular as Supreme Commander Allied Forces Southeast Asia, he was appointed Viscount Mountbatten of Burma and was granted a seat in the House of Lords. The same year he was admitted into the Order of the Garter, the only British admiral of WW 2 to be given that honor.
Louis Mountbatten was killed by an IRA bomb while sailing near his holiday Home in County Sligo, Ireland.
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