Kriegsverdienstkreuz 1.Klasse mit Schwertern

The War Merit Cross 1st. class with swords (Kriegsverdienstkreuz 1. klasse mit Schwertern), also know as the KVK 1 was instituted on 18-10-1939 by Hitler. Like the KVK 2, this award could be awarded to military personal as well as to civilians (m/f) for bravery which was not directly connected with frontline actions. For example for maintenance of frontline vehicles and equipment, outstanding performance by the civil defence and security tasks. The recipient had to have been awarded the KVK 2 before the KVK 1 could be awarded, but on special occasions it was possible that both decorations were awarded at the same time.

This award is identical in design to the KVK 2 with Swords, but is silver washed instead of bronze. The reverse is flat and has a large pin and hook construction. In some examples the mint mark is stamped on the reverse of the award or on the pin itself. There is a version in existence where the pin and hook construction has been replaced by a screw with a large screw cap. This version is similar to the Iron Cross 1 with screw back. In some cases the screw back is marked. One well known manufacturer of this screw back is: Glaser & Sohn from Dresden. (L/58) Some other well know manufacturers of the KVK 1 are Steinhauser & Lück from Lüdenscheid (4), Ferdinand Hoffstädter from Bonn am Rhein (8), Friedrich Orth from Vienna (15), Karl Gschiermeister from Vienna (50), Gottlieb & Wagner from Idar/Oberstein (52), Robert Hauschild from Pforzheim (56), Kerbach & Oesterheld from Dresden (62), Klein & Quenzer from Idar/Oberstein (65), Rudolf Richter from Schlag (89), Wilhelm Deumer WD from Lüdenscheid (L/11), Otto Schickel from Pforzheim (L/15), C.F. Zimmermann from Pforzheim (L/52) and Glaser & Sohn from Dresden (L/58).

The award was presented in a black box with a black filling with a slit to accommodate the pin. For the screw back version the filling was made in the shape of the screw back. The inside of the lid was covered with white silk, the outside bore the silhouette of the award in silver. The medal was awarded with a standard citation. The award was worn on the left breast pocket, just like the Iron Cross 1. It is estimated that a total of 483.603 decorations have been awarded during WWII.

Alt, Erich* June 26th, 1887
† August 22nd, 1966

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Wachtel, Max* June 6th, 1897
† June 18th, 1982

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Waeger, Kurt* February 6th, 1893
† June 18th, 1952

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Wagener, Dr. phil. h.c., Otto* April 29th, 1888
† August 9th, 1971

Wagner, Hermann* September 25th, 1896
† April 15th, 1970

Wahle, Carl Richard Heinrich* February 7th, 1892
† February 23rd, 1975

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Waldeck und Pyrmont, Prinz zu, Josias* May 13th, 1896
† November 30th, 1967

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Waldheim, Kurt Josef* December 21st, 1918
† June 14th, 2007

Walser, Erwin* August 1st, 1910

Walter, Hellmuth* August 26th, 1900
† December 16th, 1980

Walter, Paul* June 21st, 1889
† December 23rd, 1957

Wangenheim, Freiherr von, Eberhard* January 12th, 1880
† January 25th, 1947

Warlimont, Walter* October 3rd, 1894
† October 9th, 1976

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Warzecha, Walter* May 23rd, 1891
† August 30th, 1956
Plot: I 

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Wasa-Rodig, Heinz* July 7th, 1909

Wecke, Walter* September 30th, 1885
† December 16th, 1943

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Weidinger, Hans* January 31st, 1899
† February 9th, 1977

Weigelt, Johannes* July 24th, 1890
† April 22nd, 1948

Weinknecht, Friedrich* October 5th, 1895
† October 26th, 1964

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Weiss, Karl* March 2nd, 1897

Weiss, Martin Gottfried* June 3rd, 1905
† May 29th, 1946

Wenneker, Paul* February 27th, 1890
† October 17th, 1979

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Weyrauther, Hermann* June 29th, 1904
† March 2nd, 1980

Wiens, Günther* January 2nd, 1901
† March 26th, 1975

Wimmer, Wilhelm Georg* September 9th, 1889
† May 15th, 1973

Winkhaus, Kurt* September 7th, 1898
† February 6th, 1970

Winter, Paul (Generalleutnant)* January 29th, 1894
† March 1st, 1970

Wirth, Christian* November 24th, 1885
† May 26th, 1944
Plot: 15 Grave: 716

Witt, Hermann* June 28th, 1892
† December 10th, 1988

Wolf, Karl* December 17th, 1913
† 2005

Wolff, Karl Friedrich Otto* May 13th, 1900
† July 17th, 1984

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Wolff, Ludwig (LW- General de Luftwaffe)* August 31st, 1886
† May 17th, 1950

Woyrsch, von, Udo Gustav Wilhelm Egon* July 24th, 1895
† January 14th, 1983

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