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Eisenhower, Dwight David "Ike"

Date of birth:
October 14th, 1890 (Denison/Texas, United States)
Date of death:
March 28th, 1969 (Washington, DC, United States)
Buried on:
Place of Meditation
Nationality:
American (1776 - present, Republic)

Biography

Dwight David Eisenhower was born in the city of Denison, Texas on October 14 1890. Originally the Eisenhower family come from German, but the family had lived in America since the 18th century.

Eisenhower married Mamie Geneva Doud on July 1, 1916. Two children were born, Doud Dwight Eisenhower (1917–1921), and John Sheldon David Doud Eisenhower (born 1922).
Eisenhower started at West Point in 1911 and graduated in 1915. During the late 1920s and early 1930s the military career of Eisenhower stagnated. Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Eisenhower was assigned to the General Staff in Washington, until June 1942. In June 1942 Eisenhower was appointed Commanding General, European Theater of Operations (ETOUSA) and was based in London. In November 1942 he was also appointed Supreme Commander Allied (Expeditionary) Force of the North African Theater. In December 1943 it was decided that Eisenhower would become Supreme Allied Commander in Europe. In January 1944 he resumed command of ETOUSA and the following month he was officially designated as the Supreme Allied Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF), serving in this dual role until the end of hostilities in Europe. After the German unconditional surrender on May 8, 1945, Eisenhower became Military Governor of the U.S. Occupation Zone, stationed in Frankfurt-am-Main.

Eisenhower was President of the United States from 1953 till 1961.

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Period:
First World War (1914-1918)
Rank:
Lieutenant Colonel
Awarded on:
October 7th, 1922
"For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. While Commanding Officer of the Tank Corps Training Center from 23 March 1918 to 18 November 1918, at Camp Colt, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, Lieutenant Colonel Eisenhower displayed unusual zeal, foresight, and marked administrative ability in the organization, training, and preparation for overseas service of technical troops of the Tank Corps."
War Department, General Orders No. 43
Distinguished Service Medal - Army (DSM)
Period:
First World War (1914-1918)
Rank:
Lieutenant Colonel
Awarded on:
April 9th, 1919
World War I Victory Medal
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General
Awarded on:
June 12th, 1943
Grand Cross of The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (GCB)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
June 15th, 1943
Grand Croix de l' Ordre National de la Legion d'Honneur
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General
Awarded on:
June 19th, 1943
With palm
Croix de Guerre (1939-1945)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General
Awarded on:
September 7th, 1943
War Department, General Orders No. 54 (Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Second Award of the Army Distinguished Service Medal)
Distinguished Service Medal - Army (DSM)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General
Awarded on:
November 18th, 1943
Awarded for:
Operation Torch
Africa Star
with Silver Numerals 8 & 1
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General
Awarded on:
November 25th, 1943
Legion of Merit - US Military
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General of the Army
Unit:
Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF), Allied Forces
Awarded on:
February 18th, 1944
Orden Suvorova 1
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General of the Army
Awarded on:
September 25th, 1944
Order Virtuti Militari Grand Cross
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General of the Army
Awarded on:
May 18th, 1945
Order Odrodzenia Polski Kawalerski
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General of the Army
Awarded on:
May 28th, 1945
l' Ordre de la Libération
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General of the Army
Awarded on:
July 3rd, 1945
Grootlint in de Leopoldsorde / Grand cordon de l'Ordre de Léopold
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General of the Army
Unit:
Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF), Allied Forces
Awarded on:
July 3rd, 1945
Croix de Guerre 1940
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General of the Army
Unit:
Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF), Allied Forces
Awarded on:
June 5th, 1945
Orden Pobeda
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General of the Army
Unit:
Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF), Allied Forces
Awarded on:
June 12th, 1945
Order of Merit
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General of the Army
Awarded on:
July 13th, 1945
War Department, General Orders No. 55 (Second Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Third Award of the Army Distinguished Service Medal)
Distinguished Service Medal - Army (DSM)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General of the Army
Unit:
Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF), Allied Forces
Awarded on:
August 3rd, 1945
Medaille  Militaire
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General of the Army
Awarded on:
September 7th, 1945
Order Krzyza Grunwaldu 1st Class
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General of the Army
Awarded on:
October 11th, 1945
Ceskoslovenský válecný kríž 1939
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General of the Army
Awarded on:
October 11th, 1945
Grand cross Rad Bileho lva
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General of the Army
Awarded on:
October 11th, 1945
Ceskoslovenský vojenský rád Bilého lva
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General of the Army
Unit:
Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF), Allied Forces
Awarded on:
December 19th, 1945
Elefantordenen
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
June 19th, 1946
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General of the Army
Unit:
Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF), Allied Forces
Awarded on:
July 1st, 1946
Medalha de Guerra
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General of the Army
Awarded on:
August 5th, 1946
Grâ-Cruz della Ordem do Mérito Aeronáutico
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General of the Army
Awarded on:
July 13th, 1946
With swords
Basilikon Tagma toy Georgioya A - Grand Cross
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General of the Army
Awarded on:
August 5th, 1946
Gră-Cruz del Ordem Nacional do Cruzeiro do Sul
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General of the Army
Unit:
Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF), Allied Forces
Awarded on:
August 6th, 1946
Medalha de Campanha
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General of the Army
Awarded on:
April 2nd, 1947
American Defence Service Medal
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General of the Army
Awarded on:
April 2nd, 1947
World War Two Victory Medal
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General of the Army
Awarded on:
April 2nd, 1947
Army of Occupation Medal
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General of the Army
Unit:
Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF), Allied Forces
Awarded on:
July 22nd, 1947
General Dwight Eisenhower was the first recipient of the European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal, receiving it in recognition of his service as Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force during World War II.
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General of the Army
Unit:
Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF), Allied Forces
Awarded on:
June 25th, 1947
Awarded for:
Operation Torch
Distinguished Service Medal - Navy/USMC
"For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service in a position of great responsibility to the Government of the United States as Commander-in-Chief, Allied Expeditionary Force, North African Theater of Operations, November 1942. Responsible for the overall command and coordination of combined air, sea and land forces in simultaneous assaults on Casablanca, Oran and Algiers, General of the Army Eisenhower initiated the first major combined offensive action in the European Theater of War. Under his brilliant leadership, the largest mechanized army to have landed on a hostile shore achieved an objective which placed northern and western Africa in Allied control. The success of this expedition, which influenced the international situation in Europe and the strategic situation in Europe and the strategic situation in the Mediterranean, was due in large measure to General of the Army Eisenhower's sound judgment, careful planning and outstanding skill as a diplomat. His distinguished service reflects the highest credit upon himself and the forces which he commanded."
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General of the Army
Awarded on:
March 5th, 1948
"For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility, as Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the period from 19 February 1945 to 6 February 1948."
Department of the Army, General Orders No. 17 (Third Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Fourth Award of the Army Distinguished Service Medal)
Distinguished Service Medal - Army (DSM)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General of the Army
Unit:
Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF), Allied Forces
Awarded on:
July 14th, 1948
Ridder Grootkruis in de Orde van de Nederlandse Leeuw (NL.1)
Royal Decree no. 1
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General of the Army
Awarded on:
May 21st, 1952
Médaille Militaire
Rank:
General of the Army
Awarded on:
June 30th, 1952
"For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility from 19 December 1950 to 1 June 1952."
Department of the Army, General Orders No. 64 (Fourth Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Fifth Award of the Army Distinguished Service Medal)
Distinguished Service Medal - Army (DSM)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General of the Army
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