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Bronzen Kruis (BK)

The Bronze Cross was instituted on June 11th 1940. It was to become a special award for military, who behaved courageous or meritious in facing the enemy, in service for the Kingdom of the Netherlands. When civilians or foreign military acted in special interest for the safety of the Netherlands, they could also be rewarded the Bronze Cross.

The decoration could be awarded more then once. The recipient received a gold coloured Arabian number to be worn on the ribbon, that indicated the number of Bronze Crosses the recipient had received ("2", "3", etc.).

The medal is formed in the shape of a four armed cross with a total width of 29 mm. On the obverse there is a crowned "W" inside a circle with Oak Leaves on the left and laurel on the right. On the reverse is shown the same circle, but within it the year "1940" and on the arms of the cross the words "TROUW AAN / KONINGIN / EN / VADERLAND". The medal is taken from the old "Metalen Kruis 1830-1831". The ribbon is orange with a small stripe of Nassau-bleu in the middle.

At first the medal was also awarded to anyone who had received the "Eervolle Vermelding" (Mentioned in Dispatches) if they hadnít received a Bronze Cross before. To indicate this there was a "Kroon voor Eervol Vermelden" (Gold coloured crown) being place don the ribbon of the Bronze Cross. However in 1944 there was instituted a new decoration, the Bronze Lion and all Bronze Crosses that were decorated with the mentioned in dispatches crown were replaced with the Bronze Lion.

The Bronze Cross is received after a Royal Decree that is controlled by the Commissie Dapperheidonderscheidingen van het Ministerie van Defensie (Special Committee of the Ministry of Defence) which advises the Minister of Defence and the Dutch Queen.

Adriaansen, Josephus "Sjef"* June 9th, 1919
Ü August 8th, 1944

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Aalst, van, Auke Karel17-09-1909  
Aalst, van, Johannes DaniŽl19-11-1914  
Aar, van der, Everadus06-02-191418-09-1944 
Aarem, van, Robbert "Bob"14-08-1917  
Aart, van, C.   
Aarts, Freddy29-03-1913  
Abbink, Jan Dirk Willem Theodoor23-03-1906  
Abdoel Sakoer   
Abell, Louis Felix21-02-1914  
Aben, Peter Johannes Cornelis "Cor"01-04-191913-07-2012 
Abraham, Carel01-08-190915-02-1943 
Adair, James Douglas17-12-191805-06-2001 
Admiraal, G   
Admiraal, Gijsbertus06-05-1899  
Adriaansen, Josephus "Sjef"09-06-191908-08-1944 
Aernout, R.E.A.   
Aken, van, F.L.J.   
Akoeilia Torey   
Albach, Jan Philip19-12-190312-05-1940 
Alblas, Aart Hendrik "Aramis"20-09-191807-09-1944 
Alburg, M.   
Alenson, Jacobus09-02-191422-12-2002 
Alers, George Adrianus16-06-191910-05-1940 
Allin, Georges "Claude"23-03-1924  
Alstede, Paulus Simon20-06-190627-02-1942 
Alten, van, J.P.   
Altena, van, A.   
Altman, G.K.   
Amahorseja, M.B.   
Ampt, F.J.   
Amstel, van, J.H.   
Analbers, H.B.J.   
Andre, J.H.A.   
Andreoli, F.G.M.J.   
Andreoli, Joseph Maria Rudolph Herman15-01-1916  
Andriessen, P.   
Andrieu, Louis Auguste FranÁois28-01-1920  
Andringa, Leonardus Theodorus Cornelis "Turnip"22-11-191306-09-1944 
Antoni, Jean Louis Hubert Antoine25-05-189606-11-1982 
Antrim, Richard Nott17-12-190708-03-1969more 
Appelboom, Machiel "Max"07-03-192405-11-2003more 
Appelhof, E.P.29-06-1918  
Appriou, Jean25-01-192100-12-1990 
Ardenne, van, Dirk Boudewijn Willem05-02-192014-12-2013 
Arends, R.C.   
Arendse, Pieter Arnoldus "Seakale"14-02-191206-09-1944 
Arenthals, van, Machiel05-06-1925  
Arkel, van, Jan27-08-191923-02-2011more 
Arkel, van, Johan Albert00-00-1914  
Arriens, E.H.   
Asch, van, Gerard05-10-192200-00-2013 
Azem, Ibrahim00-00-190110-04-1945