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Bronzen Kruis (BK)

The Bronze Cross was instituted on June 11th 1940. It was to become a special award for military, who behaved courageous or meritious in facing the enemy, in service for the Kingdom of the Netherlands. When civilians or foreign military acted in special interest for the safety of the Netherlands, they could also be rewarded the Bronze Cross.

The decoration could be awarded more then once. The recipient received a gold coloured Arabian number to be worn on the ribbon, that indicated the number of Bronze Crosses the recipient had received ("2", "3", etc.).

The medal is formed in the shape of a four armed cross with a total width of 29 mm. On the obverse there is a crowned "W" inside a circle with Oak Leaves on the left and laurel on the right. On the reverse is shown the same circle, but within it the year "1940" and on the arms of the cross the words "TROUW AAN / KONINGIN / EN / VADERLAND". The medal is taken from the old "Metalen Kruis 1830-1831". The ribbon is orange with a small stripe of Nassau-bleu in the middle.

At first the medal was also awarded to anyone who had received the "Eervolle Vermelding" (Mentioned in Dispatches) if they hadn’t received a Bronze Cross before. To indicate this there was a "Kroon voor Eervol Vermelden" (Gold coloured crown) being place don the ribbon of the Bronze Cross. However in 1944 there was instituted a new decoration, the Bronze Lion and all Bronze Crosses that were decorated with the mentioned in dispatches crown were replaced with the Bronze Lion.

The Bronze Cross is received after a Royal Decree that is controlled by the Commissie Dapperheidonderscheidingen van het Ministerie van Defensie (Special Committee of the Ministry of Defence) which advises the Minister of Defence and the Dutch Queen.

Abraham, Carel* August 1st, 1909
† February 15th, 1943
Plot: E Grave: 155

Grid List
Aalst, van, Auke Karel* September 17th, 1909

Aalst, van, Johannes Daniël* November 19th, 1914

Aar, van der, Everadus* February 6th, 1914
† September 18th, 1944

Aarem, van, Robbert "Bob"* August 14th, 1917

Aarts, Freddy* March 29th, 1913

Abell, Louis Felix* February 21st, 1914

Aben, Peter Johannes Cornelis "Cor"* April 1st, 1919
† July 13th, 2012

Abraham, Carel* August 1st, 1909
† February 15th, 1943
Plot: E Grave: 155

Adair, James Douglas* December 17th, 1918
† June 5th, 2001

Admiraal, Gijsbertus* May 6th, 1899

Adriaansen, Josephus "Sjef"* June 9th, 1919
† August 8th, 1944

Albach, Jan Philip* December 19th, 1903
† May 12th, 1940
Plot: C Row: I Grave: 166

Alblas, Aart Hendrik "Aramis"* September 20th, 1918
† September 7th, 1944

Alburg, Machiel* May 24th, 1905

Alenson, Jacobus* February 9th, 1914
† December 22nd, 2002

Alers, George Adrianus* June 16th, 1919
† May 10th, 1940
Plot: Ereplaats 

Allin, Georges "Claude"* March 23rd, 1924
† October 26th, 2016

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Alstede, Paulus Simon* June 20th, 1906
† February 27th, 1942

Alten, van, Jan Pieter* October 9th, 1921
† July 9th, 2015

Altena, van, Arnoldus* April 16th, 1910
† February 28th, 1980

Amstel, van, Johannes Hendrik* November 21st, 1916

Andreoli, Frans George Maria Joseph* 1905
† October 24th, 1947

Andreoli, Joseph Maria Rudolph Herman* January 15th, 1916
† May 15th, 1984

Andriessen, Pieter* March 18th, 1918
† October 13th, 1998

Andrieu, Louis Auguste François* January 28th, 1920
† March 4th, 2011

Andringa, Leonardus Theodorus Cornelis "Turnip"* November 22nd, 1913
† September 6th, 1944

Antoni, Jean Louis Hubert Antoine* May 25th, 1896
† November 6th, 1982

Antrim, Richard Nott* December 17th, 1907
† March 8th, 1969
Plot: 35 Grave: 2613

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Appelboom, Machiel "Max"* March 7th, 1924
† November 5th, 2003

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Appelhof, Eligius Petrus* June 29th, 1918
† April 2nd, 1985

Appriou, Jean-François* January 25th, 1921
† December 9th, 1980

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Ardenne, van, Dirk Boudewijn Willem* February 5th, 1920
† December 14th, 2013

Arends, Regardus Cornelius* March 5th, 1918
† November 20th, 1994

Arendse, Pieter Arnoldus "Seakale"* February 14th, 1912
† September 7th, 1944

Arkel, van, Jan* August 27th, 1919
† February 23rd, 2011

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Arkel, van, Johan Albert* July 7th, 1914
† May 30th, 1972

Arriens, Theodoor Engelbert Hendrik* December 31st, 1913
† June 23rd, 1997

Asch, van, Gerardus Johannes* October 5th, 1922
† 2013

Attinger, Leonardus M.* March 30th, 1916

Azem, Ibrahim* January 7th, 1924
† April 10th, 1945
Plot: A Row: 3 Grave: 1

Sources