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Bronzen Kruis (BK)

The Bronze Cross was instituted on June 11th 1940. It was to become a special award for military, who behaved courageous or meritious in facing the enemy, in service for the Kingdom of the Netherlands. When civilians or foreign military acted in special interest for the safety of the Netherlands, they could also be rewarded the Bronze Cross.

The decoration could be awarded more then once. The recipient received a gold coloured Arabian number to be worn on the ribbon, that indicated the number of Bronze Crosses the recipient had received ("2", "3", etc.).

The medal is formed in the shape of a four armed cross with a total width of 29 mm. On the obverse there is a crowned "W" inside a circle with Oak Leaves on the left and laurel on the right. On the reverse is shown the same circle, but within it the year "1940" and on the arms of the cross the words "TROUW AAN / KONINGIN / EN / VADERLAND". The medal is taken from the old "Metalen Kruis 1830-1831". The ribbon is orange with a small stripe of Nassau-bleu in the middle.

At first the medal was also awarded to anyone who had received the "Eervolle Vermelding" (Mentioned in Dispatches) if they hadn’t received a Bronze Cross before. To indicate this there was a "Kroon voor Eervol Vermelden" (Gold coloured crown) being place don the ribbon of the Bronze Cross. However in 1944 there was instituted a new decoration, the Bronze Lion and all Bronze Crosses that were decorated with the mentioned in dispatches crown were replaced with the Bronze Lion.

The Bronze Cross is received after a Royal Decree that is controlled by the Commissie Dapperheidonderscheidingen van het Ministerie van Defensie (Special Committee of the Ministry of Defence) which advises the Minister of Defence and the Dutch Queen.

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Aalst, van, A.K.   
Aalst, van, J.D.   
Aar, van der, Everadus06-02-191418-09-1944 
Aarem, van, R.   
Aart, van, C.   
Aarts, F.   
Abbink, J.D.W.T.   
Abdoel Sakoer   
Abell, L.F.   
Aben, Peter Johannes Cornelis "Cor"01-04-191913-07-2012 
Abraham, Carel01-08-190915-02-1943 
Adair, James Douglas17-12-191805-06-2001 
Admiraal, G   
Adriaansen, Josephas09-06-191908-08-1944 
Aernout, R.E.A.   
Aken, van, F.L.J.   
Akoeilia Torey   
Akolo   
Alan   
Albach, Jan Philip19-12-190312-05-1940 
Alblas, Aart Hendrik20-09-191807-09-1944 
Alburg, M.   
Alenson, Jacobus09-02-191422-12-2002 
Alers, G.A.   
Allin, Georges "Claude"23-03-1924  
Alstede, Paulus Simon20-06-190627-02-1942 
Alten, van, J.P.   
Altena, van, A.   
Altman, G.K.   
Amahorseja, M.B.   
Amat   
Ampt, F.J.   
Amstel, van, J.H.   
Analbers, H.B.J.   
Andre, J.H.A.   
André, Louis   
Andreoli, F.G.M.J.   
Andreoli, Joseph Maria Rudolph Herman15-01-1916  
Andriessen, P.   
Andrieu, L.   
Andringa, Leonardus Theodorus Cornelis22-11-191306-09-1944 
Antoni, Jean Louis Hubert Antoine25-05-189606-11-1982 
Antrim, Richard Nott17-12-190708-03-1969more 
Appelhof, E.P.29-06-1918  
Appriou, Jean25-01-192100-12-1990 
Arends, R.C.   
Arendse, Pieter Arnoldus14-02-191206-09-1944 
Arenthals, van, M.C.W.   
Arkel, van, Jan27-08-191923-02-2011more 
Arkel, van, Johan Albert00-00-1914  
Aroen   
Arriens, E.H.   
Asch, van, G.J.   
Azem, Ibrahim00-00-190110-04-1945