Kriegsverdienstkreuz 1.Klasse mit Schwertern

The War Merit Cross 1st. class with swords (Kriegsverdienstkreuz 1. klasse mit Schwertern), also know as the KVK 1 was instituted on 18-10-1939 by Hitler. Like the KVK 2, this award could be awarded to military personal as well as to civilians (m/f) for bravery which was not directly connected with frontline actions. For example for maintenance of frontline vehicles and equipment, outstanding performance by the civil defence and security tasks. The recipient had to have been awarded the KVK 2 before the KVK 1 could be awarded, but on special occasions it was possible that both decorations were awarded at the same time.

This award is identical in design to the KVK 2 with Swords, but is silver washed instead of bronze. The reverse is flat and has a large pin and hook construction. In some examples the mint mark is stamped on the reverse of the award or on the pin itself. There is a version in existence where the pin and hook construction has been replaced by a screw with a large screw cap. This version is similar to the Iron Cross 1 with screw back. In some cases the screw back is marked. One well known manufacturer of this screw back is: Glaser & Sohn from Dresden. (L/58) Some other well know manufacturers of the KVK 1 are Steinhauser & Lück from Lüdenscheid (4), Ferdinand Hoffstädter from Bonn am Rhein (8), Friedrich Orth from Vienna (15), Karl Gschiermeister from Vienna (50), Gottlieb & Wagner from Idar/Oberstein (52), Robert Hauschild from Pforzheim (56), Kerbach & Oesterheld from Dresden (62), Klein & Quenzer from Idar/Oberstein (65), Rudolf Richter from Schlag (89), Wilhelm Deumer WD from Lüdenscheid (L/11), Otto Schickel from Pforzheim (L/15), C.F. Zimmermann from Pforzheim (L/52) and Glaser & Sohn from Dresden (L/58).

The award was presented in a black box with a black filling with a slit to accommodate the pin. For the screw back version the filling was made in the shape of the screw back. The inside of the lid was covered with white silk, the outside bore the silhouette of the award in silver. The medal was awarded with a standard citation. The award was worn on the left breast pocket, just like the Iron Cross 1. It is estimated that a total of 483.603 decorations have been awarded during WWII.

Alt, Erich* June 26th, 1887
† August 22nd, 1966

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Rediess, Friedrich Wilhelm Otto10-10-190008-05-1945more 
Rossnagel, Wilhelm   
Rouillon, Robert00-00-1916  
Rosenhahn, Walter Erich Karl08-09-1907  
Rocholl, Heinrich18-07-1902  
Reichleitner, Franz Karl02-12-190603-01-1944 
Rösch, Rudolf11-05-189005-09-1952more 
Riedel, Klaus Erhardt02-08-190709-08-1944 
Reinhard, Friedrich   
Riese, Walther26-02-189024-06-1967 
Röchling, Hermann12-11-187224-08-1955 
Rudolf, Werner14-08-190700-00-1971 
Römer, Wolfgang23-06-1910  
Rauter, Johann Baptist Albin "Hanns Albin"04-02-189525-03-1949more 
Reinhard, Wilhelm Adolf  more 
Rabitz, Friedrich20-01-1879  
Reinhardt, Fritz27-09-189830-09-1965 
Ritter, Julius25-07-190728-09-1943 
Remy, Karl13-11-188330-08-1951 
Rüdel, Günter15-11-188322-04-1950more 
Rahn, Rudolf   
Riedel, Hans-Hermann17-09-189105-02-1960 
Reuschel, Kurt05-07-1913  
Renz, von, Otto-Wilhelm03-11-189116-01-1968more 
Retzlaff, Wilhelm Karleman27-03-191801-04-1978more 
Rang, Peter15-01-1914 more 
Rösener, Erwin02-02-190200-00-1946 
Rüttenauer, Arthur   
Ruthe, Dr., Hermann   
Russwurm, Josef   
Ruoff, Joachim   
Runte, Josef   
Rudnick, Martin   
Röttger, Heinrich   
Rother, Witold   
Roth, Jakob   
Rost, von, Hans-Günther15-11-189423-03-1945more 
Rosenfelder, Walter   
Rosenbusch, Georg   
Rose, Gerhard30-11-189613-01-1992 
Rösch, Waldemar   
Rooschüz, Dr., Hans   
Romfeld, Johann   
Roithner, Johann   
Rogge, Dr., Eberhard   
Roeder, Manfred   
Roeder von Diersburg, Freiherr, Felix   
Roedenbeck, Walter   
Roeckl, Leopold   
Rödlich, Fritz   
Rode, Ernst09-08-189412-09-1955more 
Rochow, von, Willy   
Roques, von, Karl07-05-188024-12-1949 
Roques, von, Franz01-09-187707-08-1967 
Rittgerodt, Dr. , Wilhelm   
Rittberg, Graf von, Karl-Heinrich22-01-191412-04-1945 
Rittberg, Graf von, Jürgen   
Rintelen, von , Enno   
Rießberger, Friedrich   
Riederich, Johannes   
Rieben, von, Vico   
Ricke, Alfred   
Richter, Otto26-12-189300-00-1980 
Richter, Karl (WH-Sanitätz)   
Richter, Dr., Helmuth   
Richter, Dr. , Wilhelm   
Rhein, Aloys   
Retter, Wolfgang   
Requardt, Hermann   
Reiter, Dr., Karl   
Reissig, Eduard   
Reiske, Johannes   
Reisinger, Karl   
Reinhardt, Hellmuth27-06-190016-09-1989 
Reich, Rudolf   
Reiber, Karl   
Reeder, Eggert   
Rauff, Walter19-06-190614-05-1984 
Raschick, Erich15-04-188215-05-1946 
Randewig, Kunibert   
Ramdohr, Walter   
Raithel, Wilhelm "Willy"15-10-189400-00-1960 
Rädler, Oscar   

Sources