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Bronzen Kruis (BK)

The Bronze Cross was instituted on June 11th 1940. It was to become a special award for military, who behaved courageous or meritious in facing the enemy, in service for the Kingdom of the Netherlands. When civilians or foreign military acted in special interest for the safety of the Netherlands, they could also be rewarded the Bronze Cross.

The decoration could be awarded more then once. The recipient received a gold coloured Arabian number to be worn on the ribbon, that indicated the number of Bronze Crosses the recipient had received ("2", "3", etc.).

The medal is formed in the shape of a four armed cross with a total width of 29 mm. On the obverse there is a crowned "W" inside a circle with Oak Leaves on the left and laurel on the right. On the reverse is shown the same circle, but within it the year "1940" and on the arms of the cross the words "TROUW AAN / KONINGIN / EN / VADERLAND". The medal is taken from the old "Metalen Kruis 1830-1831". The ribbon is orange with a small stripe of Nassau-bleu in the middle.

At first the medal was also awarded to anyone who had received the "Eervolle Vermelding" (Mentioned in Dispatches) if they hadn’t received a Bronze Cross before. To indicate this there was a "Kroon voor Eervol Vermelden" (Gold coloured crown) being place don the ribbon of the Bronze Cross. However in 1944 there was instituted a new decoration, the Bronze Lion and all Bronze Crosses that were decorated with the mentioned in dispatches crown were replaced with the Bronze Lion.

The Bronze Cross is received after a Royal Decree that is controlled by the Commissie Dapperheidonderscheidingen van het Ministerie van Defensie (Special Committee of the Ministry of Defence) which advises the Minister of Defence and the Dutch Queen.

Abraham, Carel* August 1st, 1909
† February 15th, 1943
Plot: E Grave: 155

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Packe, Michael St. John "Mike"21-08-191620-12-1978
Pals, Michiel04-05-191207-09-1944
Parlevliet, Hermanus16-05-191630-04-1944
Parmentier, R.05-10-1920 
Pasquet, Paul  
Pater, Gerrit Hermanus09-06-191610-05-1940
Patrick, John Hugh  
Pattiapon, D. 27-10-2008
Pauli, Pierre  
Paulk, N.L.  
Paulussen, Petrus Johannes02-02-191314-05-1940
Payne, Anthony Denys Philpotts  
Pearce, Ivor Verdon  
Pearson, William Oliver20-11-189710-09-1964
Peat, Samuel Ralph  
Peel, Denis Mark  
Peijl, van der, Johannes Cornelis28-10-190314-06-1942
Peron, René02-01-192308-04-1945
Peteri, Henri Bernhard 'Han'07-05-191829-10-2007
Peteri, Willem Henri 'Wim'26-06-1916 
Peterson, John Valdemar22-12-189825-05-1968
Pietquin, R.  
Pilgrain, Marc B.  
Pinke, Frederik Albert07-10-192301-03-1945
Pintaud, Henry Roger Jean-Louis 07-04-1945
Poel, van der, Adrianus25-04-192014-06-1942
Pomantow, Hendrik01-11-191902-11-1991
Portier, Ernst Ferdinand15-05-191627-05-2008
Post, Albert  
Postma, Jacob20-12-189610-05-1940
Postuma, Richard20-05-192715-07-1949
Pot, Leendert08-07-191016-11-2001
Pound, Harold Clay "Froggy"20-12-190301-03-1942
Poynton, Joseph William04-04-1921 
Punt, Laurentius Maria13-10-191807-09-1944
Puntman, Antoon Nicolaas Albert07-06-192029-09-2005
Pusung, Samuel 11-01-1942
Puszynski, Wlodzimierz  
Put, van der, Cornelis16-09-191704-12-2009

Sources