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Bronzen Kruis (BK)

The Bronze Cross was instituted on June 11th 1940. It was to become a special award for military, who behaved courageous or meritious in facing the enemy, in service for the Kingdom of the Netherlands. When civilians or foreign military acted in special interest for the safety of the Netherlands, they could also be rewarded the Bronze Cross.

The decoration could be awarded more then once. The recipient received a gold coloured Arabian number to be worn on the ribbon, that indicated the number of Bronze Crosses the recipient had received ("2", "3", etc.).

The medal is formed in the shape of a four armed cross with a total width of 29 mm. On the obverse there is a crowned "W" inside a circle with Oak Leaves on the left and laurel on the right. On the reverse is shown the same circle, but within it the year "1940" and on the arms of the cross the words "TROUW AAN / KONINGIN / EN / VADERLAND". The medal is taken from the old "Metalen Kruis 1830-1831". The ribbon is orange with a small stripe of Nassau-bleu in the middle.

At first the medal was also awarded to anyone who had received the "Eervolle Vermelding" (Mentioned in Dispatches) if they hadn’t received a Bronze Cross before. To indicate this there was a "Kroon voor Eervol Vermelden" (Gold coloured crown) being place don the ribbon of the Bronze Cross. However in 1944 there was instituted a new decoration, the Bronze Lion and all Bronze Crosses that were decorated with the mentioned in dispatches crown were replaced with the Bronze Lion.

The Bronze Cross is received after a Royal Decree that is controlled by the Commissie Dapperheidonderscheidingen van het Ministerie van Defensie (Special Committee of the Ministry of Defence) which advises the Minister of Defence and the Dutch Queen.

Abraham, Carel* August 1st, 1909
† February 15th, 1943
Plot: E Grave: 155

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Waal, van de, Martien Willem03-08-191824-04-1945
Waals, van der, Gerrit Hendrikus Maria24-04-192011-08-1948
Waard, de, Willem06-05-191720-02-2009
Waardenburg, Cornelis 'Kees'22-09-192030-08-1944
Wagenveld, Gerardus26-07-190629-10-1942
Wainwright, Thomas James "Tom"  
Wal, van der, Anne Jan25-03-190314-05-1940
Wal, van der, Jan21-11-191210-05-1940
Waldren, Thomas Henry  
Waleina, Aloizo "Jules Brasse" (SAS)14-04-191300-00-1948more
Walker, J.  
Walker, V.P.  
Walker, William Norman  
Walraeven, Pieter Leonardus30-01-190910-05-1940
Walthelet, Joseph C.G. 15-04-1945
Wanninkhof, Frederik Hendrik 04-03-188811-05-1942
Warder, Frederick Burdett19-03-190401-02-2000more
Warmerdam, Marinus Johannes "Rinus"25-02-191812-05-1940
Warmerdam, van, Petrus Wilhelmus22-11-189827-02-1942
Watson, William  
Webster, Kenneth  
Weelde, van, Huibert Hendrik04-02-192222-02-1997
Weelinck, Harm Roelf "Harry"23-01-192517-07-2010
Wegner, Antonius Johannes20-09-191507-09-1944
Weijdert, Jan26-05-190613-12-1943
Weijnsbergen, van, Hubertus Johannes31-08-191513-09-1947
Wel, van der, Wilhelmus George11-01-192128-02-1942
Welding, Kenneth  
Wells, Leonard Arthur  
Werlemann, Charles Jules Gustave11-12-191127-02-1942
Wesolowski, Józef  
Westcott, Federick William Herbert  
Westcott, Graham Anthony James  
Westerduin, Hendrik03-10-192304-05-2006
Whitehead, Cyril William  
Widd, G.  
Wilden, van der, Pieter08-05-191406-09-1944
Wilden, van der, Willem "Golf"01-06-191006-09-1944
Wilks, Thomas Moreton  
Williams, John Winston  
Willigen, van, Peter17-12-190502-07-1990more
Wilson, William Ritchie08-01-191113-02-1986
Winckel, Christiaan Philip "Flip" Karel16-04-191918-09-2009
Winckel, Willem Frederik Auguste "Gus"03-11-191217-08-2013
Winter, de, Louis Willem06-04-190910-05-1940
Winteringham, Leonard  
Wit, de, Harm01-10-192617-06-1947
Withers, Francis Carter Scruggs05-06-192329-11-1987
Woodke, Frank August08-11-191509-07-1967
Wories, William Michiel Johan01-08-191114-05-1940
Workman, Everett Leslie11-09-192430-12-1984
Wouden, van der, Jan19-11-191810-05-1940
Wouters, Gerardus Hendrikus Wilhelmus05-12-192208-05-1949
Wuisman, Bernardus Petrus Henricus16-11-191810-05-1940
Wunderink, Gerhard Christoffel25-01-189712-09-1944
Wungkana, Zirius O.22-09-189418-01-1942
Wuyts, Albert Raimond Nicolas George Emmanuel P.  

Sources