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Bronzen Kruis (BK)

The Bronze Cross was instituted on June 11th 1940. It was to become a special award for military, who behaved courageous or meritious in facing the enemy, in service for the Kingdom of the Netherlands. When civilians or foreign military acted in special interest for the safety of the Netherlands, they could also be rewarded the Bronze Cross.

The decoration could be awarded more then once. The recipient received a gold coloured Arabian number to be worn on the ribbon, that indicated the number of Bronze Crosses the recipient had received ("2", "3", etc.).

The medal is formed in the shape of a four armed cross with a total width of 29 mm. On the obverse there is a crowned "W" inside a circle with Oak Leaves on the left and laurel on the right. On the reverse is shown the same circle, but within it the year "1940" and on the arms of the cross the words "TROUW AAN / KONINGIN / EN / VADERLAND". The medal is taken from the old "Metalen Kruis 1830-1831". The ribbon is orange with a small stripe of Nassau-bleu in the middle.

At first the medal was also awarded to anyone who had received the "Eervolle Vermelding" (Mentioned in Dispatches) if they hadn’t received a Bronze Cross before. To indicate this there was a "Kroon voor Eervol Vermelden" (Gold coloured crown) being place don the ribbon of the Bronze Cross. However in 1944 there was instituted a new decoration, the Bronze Lion and all Bronze Crosses that were decorated with the mentioned in dispatches crown were replaced with the Bronze Lion.

The Bronze Cross is received after a Royal Decree that is controlled by the Commissie Dapperheidonderscheidingen van het Ministerie van Defensie (Special Committee of the Ministry of Defence) which advises the Minister of Defence and the Dutch Queen.

Abraham, Carel* August 1st, 1909
† February 15th, 1943
Plot: E Grave: 155

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Kaak, Petrus Bernardus17-07-191612-05-1940
Kamphorst, Peter24-11-189407-09-1944
Kampinga, Harm Paul Antonius Johannes21-07-192530-06-1948
Kamstra, Anne24-03-191310-05-1940
Karoubi, Claude20-08-1924 
Katiandagho, Albrecht23-06-190503-01-1945
Keenlyside, Richard Headlam00-00-190900-00-1998
Keesman, Karel06-10-192611-11-1947
Keizer, de, Adrianus10-02-192203-05-2007
Kempeners, Martinus02-11-190827-02-1942
Kennedij, Jan Hendrik09-02-191010-05-1940
Kentgens, Joop (Joseph)21-12-191519-07-2009
Kérouédan, Yves "Jean"22-08-1926 
Kiek, Maurits "Maurice"05-08-190913-02-1980more
Kiela, Gerrit16-01-191410-05-1940
Kievits, Hubertus Adrianus Cornelius25-03-191720-02-1944
King, Henry Arthur  
King, J.W.  
King, Peter Kenneth  
King. G.A. Brown  
Kist, Jan Christiaan "Hocky"22-09-191331-01-1943
Klijn, Willem Jacob09-05-189427-04-1941
Klooss, Barend22-10-191306-09-1944
Knottenbelt, Maarten Jan12-03-192019-08-2004
Koenders, Hendrikus Theodorus Maria02-05-191414-05-1940
Kolb, Otto Ferdinand, Jr.03-06-191404-12-1945
Kolff, Willem Marinus06-02-188225-01-1944
Kooij, van, Marinus Renardus15-02-190425-02-1941
Koolhaas, Jan11-09-190413-05-1940
Koolstra, Meindert04-06-191706-09-1944
Koopmans, Sijbren26-08-192707-11-1948
Kooten, van, Willem Hendrik28-12-189910-05-1940
Koster, de, Hendrikus "Henk"15-11-191723-11-2015
Kowalewski, Kazimierz  
Kraak, E. Th.10-12-192219-05-2014
Krijgsman, Dirk22-05-191926-07-1941
Krispijn, Theodoor15-09-191810-05-1940
Kroon, Gerrit Cornelis02-10-190902-05-1945
Krouwel, Dirk29-10-191813-05-1940
Kruijff, de, Arie Johannes06-11-191207-09-1944
Kruimink, Frederik Everhardus12-11-191707-08-2008
Kruithof, Aart21-09-191830-04-1945
Kuiper, Johannes08-08-190413-05-1940
Kuziel, John J.  

Sources