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Bronzen Kruis (BK)

The Bronze Cross was instituted on June 11th 1940. It was to become a special award for military, who behaved courageous or meritious in facing the enemy, in service for the Kingdom of the Netherlands. When civilians or foreign military acted in special interest for the safety of the Netherlands, they could also be rewarded the Bronze Cross.

The decoration could be awarded more then once. The recipient received a gold coloured Arabian number to be worn on the ribbon, that indicated the number of Bronze Crosses the recipient had received ("2", "3", etc.).

The medal is formed in the shape of a four armed cross with a total width of 29 mm. On the obverse there is a crowned "W" inside a circle with Oak Leaves on the left and laurel on the right. On the reverse is shown the same circle, but within it the year "1940" and on the arms of the cross the words "TROUW AAN / KONINGIN / EN / VADERLAND". The medal is taken from the old "Metalen Kruis 1830-1831". The ribbon is orange with a small stripe of Nassau-bleu in the middle.

At first the medal was also awarded to anyone who had received the "Eervolle Vermelding" (Mentioned in Dispatches) if they hadn’t received a Bronze Cross before. To indicate this there was a "Kroon voor Eervol Vermelden" (Gold coloured crown) being place don the ribbon of the Bronze Cross. However in 1944 there was instituted a new decoration, the Bronze Lion and all Bronze Crosses that were decorated with the mentioned in dispatches crown were replaced with the Bronze Lion.

The Bronze Cross is received after a Royal Decree that is controlled by the Commissie Dapperheidonderscheidingen van het Ministerie van Defensie (Special Committee of the Ministry of Defence) which advises the Minister of Defence and the Dutch Queen.

Abraham, Carel* August 1st, 1909
† February 15th, 1943
Plot: E Grave: 155

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Radema, Evert07-08-190306-09-1944
Ragnacci, Yago16-08-192507-04-1945
Raillard, Robert  
Rappard, Gustav Adolph16-03-191912-05-1940
Ras, Gozewin Hendrik Gerard27-08-191407-09-1944
Ravenel, Jean Marie26-12-192008-04-1945
Rees, Adriaan Johan06-04-191404-01-1944
Rees, Ernest Horace  
Reid, Daniel Craig00-00-192200-00-1999
Reid, Donald Craig  
Remijnse, Jan31-12-192130-04-1949
Rest, van, Andrias Antonius Marinus29-11-190820-02-1997
Richard, Maurice  
Ridder, de, Theodorus Barend Abram07-07-191702-06-2008
Ridgeway, William Rueben  
Rigler, Robert  
Rijke, Reinier01-05-191110-05-1940
Rink, Pieter10-08-191712-05-1940
Rissen, Jeffery John  
Ritsema van Eck, Reinoud06-04-191127-02-1942
Ritte, Willem Jacobus04-06-191330-07-1943
Robbemond, Hendrik Jacobus20-04-189104-03-1942
Roberts, E.  
Robinson, James A.  
Robinson, Robert Charles  
Rockx, Eduardus Franciscus24-10-191801-11-2010
Rode, de, Johannes Betrus24-09-193629-10-2018
Roelands, Johannes Cornelis13-05-191311-05-1940
Roeloffzen, Harry Leonard23-12-191913-05-1940
Rogers, Norman Francis  
Roland, Jean Antoine Raphaël  
Rolin, Philippe Ernest Edouard Daniel27-06-192312-04-1945
Roller, te, Everhardus Johannes Gerhard01-02-190223-06-1944
Romijn, Ary11-03-189516-02-1968more
Rompas, Aloysius11-10-189604-02-1942
Romswinckel, Henri Otto22-08-190630-08-1981
Roode, de, Jan05-06-190219-02-1942
Roode, van, Frederik02-04-191614-05-1940
Roorda van Eijsinga, Nicolaas Philippus Pieter Johan26-06-189410-05-1940
Roosendaal, Johannes Cornelis "Hans"  
Ropartz, Roger (Jean?)  
Rose, Christopher  
Rostron, J.  
Rothkrans, Robert Adolf02-11-191823-01-1942
Roundsville, T.  
Rowland, Kenneth Edward19-06-1924 
Roy, le, Jacobus Johannes03-09-190504-10-1946
Rudolph, François Hendrik Frederik13-06-192228-06-1962
Ruffeenacht, Pierre  
Ruijgh, Jord11-01-190417-04-1943
Ruiter, de, Cornelis04-06-191905-07-2009more
Rumambi, Charles 11-01-1942
Rumble, Ernest Henry  
Rundvall, Leonard Paul03-10-192030-09-1982
Rundwasser, Robert (Jaques?)  
Ruseler, George Lodewijk27-07-192206-09-1944
Rutherford, Henry F.  
Ryan, Frank23-05-1917 

Sources