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Bronzen Kruis (BK)

The Bronze Cross was instituted on June 11th 1940. It was to become a special award for military, who behaved courageous or meritious in facing the enemy, in service for the Kingdom of the Netherlands. When civilians or foreign military acted in special interest for the safety of the Netherlands, they could also be rewarded the Bronze Cross.

The decoration could be awarded more then once. The recipient received a gold coloured Arabian number to be worn on the ribbon, that indicated the number of Bronze Crosses the recipient had received ("2", "3", etc.).

The medal is formed in the shape of a four armed cross with a total width of 29 mm. On the obverse there is a crowned "W" inside a circle with Oak Leaves on the left and laurel on the right. On the reverse is shown the same circle, but within it the year "1940" and on the arms of the cross the words "TROUW AAN / KONINGIN / EN / VADERLAND". The medal is taken from the old "Metalen Kruis 1830-1831". The ribbon is orange with a small stripe of Nassau-bleu in the middle.

At first the medal was also awarded to anyone who had received the "Eervolle Vermelding" (Mentioned in Dispatches) if they hadn’t received a Bronze Cross before. To indicate this there was a "Kroon voor Eervol Vermelden" (Gold coloured crown) being place don the ribbon of the Bronze Cross. However in 1944 there was instituted a new decoration, the Bronze Lion and all Bronze Crosses that were decorated with the mentioned in dispatches crown were replaced with the Bronze Lion.

The Bronze Cross is received after a Royal Decree that is controlled by the Commissie Dapperheidonderscheidingen van het Ministerie van Defensie (Special Committee of the Ministry of Defence) which advises the Minister of Defence and the Dutch Queen.

Abraham, Carel* August 1st, 1909
† February 15th, 1943
Plot: E Grave: 155

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Haan, Pierre-Louis  
Haas, de, Hendrik Johan28-11-190425-08-1945
Haas, de, Joannes Henricus Marie07-02-191806-09-1944
Hage, Abraham Jacobus19-12-191810-05-1940
Hagemeijer, Dirk Marie20-05-191219-02-1999
Hameete, Simon J.19-10-1922 more
Hamel, van, Jacob Willem04-11-192011-04-1944
Hammond, Bertram Albert George06-02-191800-00-1965
Hardwick, Jack  
Harmsen, Willem14-06-189323-10-1970
Harper, Sydney Brian  
Harst, van der, Dirk01-10-191528-10-1941
Hart, Arthur S.  
Hart, Augustin Snow, Jr.05-08-191508-12-1999
Hartlief, Tedo21-10-191008-03-1945
Hartsinck, van, Marcelis C.G.R.00-00-1896 
Hauzeur, Pierre Emile Antoine00-00-192122-04-1945
Havaux, Guy Emile André00-00-1921 
Haynes, Jack  
Hazard, Etienne Marie Joseph04-11-192627-08-1945
Head, Alfred Stanley  
Heckmann, Robert30-04-192709-04-1945
Hegemans, Gerardus Johannes12-03-190727-04-1941
Heible, Louis29-05-192425-09-1994
Heijmans, Jacobus  
Hellingman, Cornelis27-05-189421-06-1979
Helsdingen, Willem Pieter Gerardus "Pim" 03-02-2007
Hemert, van, Gerard John "Heck Blue"28-04-192006-09-1944
Hemert, van, Pieter Lodewijk01-03-190517-06-1945
Henderson, L.A.  
Henocque, P.S.  
Hentschké, Gilbert  
Hester, C.  
Hester, Clarence R.08-02-191626-12-2000
Heuvel, van den, Machiel07-05-190029-06-1946
HeWitt, John  
Heynemann, Napoleon13-05-191403-11-1982
Hidalgo, Manuel  
Hilberdink, Albert02-11-191012-05-1940
Hillenaar, Clemens Adrianus Marie10-06-191825-08-2008
Hilterman, J.F.11-01-192019-03-2009
Hirschmann, Adam Joseph04-05-191410-05-1940
Hoek, van den, Jan J.14-09-191914-12-1991
Hof, van den, Adriaan08-07-191911-05-1940
Hoff, van 't, Jacob10-01-190129-03-1945
Hoffman, Richard Hendrik18-04-191324-07-1944
Hofstede, Jan Charles17-12-191806-09-1944
Hogg, Stanley Frederick  
Hollander, den, Leendert02-01-192320-06-1944
Holmes, Edward Arthur David  
Holthe, van, Edzard Jacob Jhr29-01-189617-07-1967
Hooft, van der, Frederik Willem02-09-191410-05-1940
Hoop, de, Volkert Jan18-05-190229-05-1942
Hoorn Alkema, van, Willem J.27-04-191928-07-2007
Hootegem, van, Eduardus Johannes Camilus13-03-190707-06-1996
Hopman, Aart23-10-191728-02-2018
Horner, Lawrence John Hallam  
Horstman, Gerrit Hendrik06-10-191418-09-1944
Horton, Charles Jong  
Horvers, Adrianus Maria10-09-192014-05-1940
Hory, Roger05-06-1919 
Hottinga, Barend Gerardus04-10-191827-01-2008
Hourihan, John Joseph00-00-190200-00-1984
Houtsmuller, Jacques29-11-189411-12-1974more
Hovens, Servaas Willem06-09-190106-07-1964
Hoyer, Pieter Anna30-01-191616-03-2001
Hughes, John Nelson28-11-190922-10-1989more
Hughes, Owen George  
Huitson, A.  
Hulsteijn, van, Cornelis Eliza08-02-191207-09-1944
Husband, George  
Hyland, John Joseph01-09-191225-10-1998more

Sources