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Bronzen Kruis (BK)

The Bronze Cross was instituted on June 11th 1940. It was to become a special award for military, who behaved courageous or meritious in facing the enemy, in service for the Kingdom of the Netherlands. When civilians or foreign military acted in special interest for the safety of the Netherlands, they could also be rewarded the Bronze Cross.

The decoration could be awarded more then once. The recipient received a gold coloured Arabian number to be worn on the ribbon, that indicated the number of Bronze Crosses the recipient had received ("2", "3", etc.).

The medal is formed in the shape of a four armed cross with a total width of 29 mm. On the obverse there is a crowned "W" inside a circle with Oak Leaves on the left and laurel on the right. On the reverse is shown the same circle, but within it the year "1940" and on the arms of the cross the words "TROUW AAN / KONINGIN / EN / VADERLAND". The medal is taken from the old "Metalen Kruis 1830-1831". The ribbon is orange with a small stripe of Nassau-bleu in the middle.

At first the medal was also awarded to anyone who had received the "Eervolle Vermelding" (Mentioned in Dispatches) if they hadn’t received a Bronze Cross before. To indicate this there was a "Kroon voor Eervol Vermelden" (Gold coloured crown) being place don the ribbon of the Bronze Cross. However in 1944 there was instituted a new decoration, the Bronze Lion and all Bronze Crosses that were decorated with the mentioned in dispatches crown were replaced with the Bronze Lion.

The Bronze Cross is received after a Royal Decree that is controlled by the Commissie Dapperheidonderscheidingen van het Ministerie van Defensie (Special Committee of the Ministry of Defence) which advises the Minister of Defence and the Dutch Queen.

Abraham, Carel* August 1st, 1909
† February 15th, 1943
Plot: E Grave: 155

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Maaskamp, Alfred Albertus25-11-192002-03-1942
Macare, Humphrey Max12-10-192100-09-1944
MacDonald, Robert J.  
MacLeod, Harold Morris25-09-192222-07-2008more
MacMillen, Christopher John Salter  
Magat, Henri  
Mahé, Georges Jean24-07-191616-07-1945
Malpass, Stanley  
Mann, Johannes Hendrik Lorenz Philip20-10-190910-05-1940
Manschot, Adriaan10-05-191609-02-1945
Manuhuwa, Jacob21-03-190810-01-1998
Marché, René 08-04-1945
Marchese, Frank John09-04-191728-09-2012
Margarit, Jules11-07-1926 
Martens, Charles Alphonse Edouard10-02-192323-04-1945
Marthelot, Le, Guy  
Martijn, Johannes Jacobus20-06-190719-02-1942
Martin, William Wotherspoon  
McCully, H.T.  
McDonald, Donald Alistair  
McKechnie, Ian Humfrey  
McKenzie, Charles Francis Gerald  
McMahon, Harry  
Meenhorst, Hendrik03-12-191317-06-1950
Meerendonk, van den, L. "Bert"  
Meeuwse, Jan06-08-191712-03-1945
Meijer, Filippus04-09-190325-12-1941
Meijer, Johan Coenraad05-09-191911-05-1942
Melick, van, Jacobus Hubertus02-07-189213-05-1940
Melinand, Jean  
Menzies, James Stuart Scott01-06-1919 
Merkelson, C.O.  
Metz, Paul-André  
Michelhoff, Wilhelm Henri Joseph19-07-190811-08-1942
Mingucci, Paul  
Mink, Antoon Berend21-10-191807-09-1944
Montagu-Douglas-Scott, George Francis John08-07-191108-06-1999
Moormann, Alexander Marie26-01-191927-02-1942
Morandi, Jean  
Morang, Louis J.  
Moratti, Hubert  
Moreu, Charles Henri Louis Marie22-12-193817-08-1962
Morgan, F.  
Morgan, N.S.  
Mortier, Jean Marie Louis  
Mos, de, Jacob16-04-191929-07-2016
Moutis, des, Jean Baptiste François Marie11-08-191111-01-1965more
Mouton, Henri  
Moxley, Donald M.  
Mucia, J.P.  
Muir, Charles Ore  
Muller, Willem30-08-191717-05-1940
Munch, Jean-Pierre10-09-192510-04-1945
Muntendam, Dirk Sixtus Filippus16-11-192011-02-1944
Muskita, Dominggus13-06-191317-03-1949