On a journey of discovery to historical sites? Download the TracesOfWar app directly on Google Play or the Apple App Store.

Bronzen Kruis (BK)

The Bronze Cross was instituted on June 11th 1940. It was to become a special award for military, who behaved courageous or meritious in facing the enemy, in service for the Kingdom of the Netherlands. When civilians or foreign military acted in special interest for the safety of the Netherlands, they could also be rewarded the Bronze Cross.

The decoration could be awarded more then once. The recipient received a gold coloured Arabian number to be worn on the ribbon, that indicated the number of Bronze Crosses the recipient had received ("2", "3", etc.).

The medal is formed in the shape of a four armed cross with a total width of 29 mm. On the obverse there is a crowned "W" inside a circle with Oak Leaves on the left and laurel on the right. On the reverse is shown the same circle, but within it the year "1940" and on the arms of the cross the words "TROUW AAN / KONINGIN / EN / VADERLAND". The medal is taken from the old "Metalen Kruis 1830-1831". The ribbon is orange with a small stripe of Nassau-bleu in the middle.

At first the medal was also awarded to anyone who had received the "Eervolle Vermelding" (Mentioned in Dispatches) if they hadn’t received a Bronze Cross before. To indicate this there was a "Kroon voor Eervol Vermelden" (Gold coloured crown) being place don the ribbon of the Bronze Cross. However in 1944 there was instituted a new decoration, the Bronze Lion and all Bronze Crosses that were decorated with the mentioned in dispatches crown were replaced with the Bronze Lion.

The Bronze Cross is received after a Royal Decree that is controlled by the Commissie Dapperheidonderscheidingen van het Ministerie van Defensie (Special Committee of the Ministry of Defence) which advises the Minister of Defence and the Dutch Queen.

Abraham, Carel* August 1st, 1909
† February 15th, 1943
Plot: E Grave: 155

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Auld, William Johnstone  
Attewell, John Herbert  
Allison, Robert William  
Allen, Albert Edward  
Allen, Albert  
Allan, Leonard Arthur  
Arriens, Theodoor Engelbert Hendrik31-12-191323-06-1997
Asch, van, Gerardus Johannes05-10-192200-00-2013
Arriens, E.H.  
Arenthals, van, Machiel C.W.05-06-1925 
Arends, Regardus Cornelius05-03-191820-11-1994
Appelhof, Eligius Petrus29-06-191802-04-1985
Andringa, Leonardus Theodorus Cornelis "Turnip"22-11-191306-09-1944
Andriessen, Pieter18-03-191813-10-1998
Andreoli, Joseph Maria Rudolph Herman15-01-191615-05-1984
Andreoli, Frans George Maria Joseph23-00-190524-10-1947
Andre, Johannes Hubertus Arnoldus06-07-1917 
Analbers, Hendrikus Berend Jan  
Amstel, van, Johannes Hendrik21-11-1916 
Ampt, Frederik Johannes  
Amahorseja, M.B.  
Altman, G.K.  
Altena, van, Arnoldus16-04-191028-02-1980
Alten, van, Jan Pieter09-10-192109-07-2015
Alstede, Paulus Simon20-06-190627-02-1942
Alers, George Adrianus16-06-191910-05-1940
Alenson, Jacobus09-02-191422-12-2002
Alburg, Machiel24-05-1905 
Attinger, Leonardus M.30-03-1916 
Ardenne, van, Dirk Boudewijn Willem05-02-192014-12-2013
Appelboom, Machiel "Max"07-03-192405-11-2003more
Antoni, Jean Louis Hubert Antoine25-05-189606-11-1982
Aben, Peter Johannes Cornelis "Cor"01-04-191913-07-2012
Abell, Louis Felix21-02-1914 
Albach, Jan Philip19-12-190312-05-1940
Akoeilia Toreij  
Abraham, Carel01-08-190915-02-1943
Abdoel Sakoer  
Arendse, Pieter Arnoldus "Seakale"14-02-191207-09-1944
Aken, van, F.L.J.  
Aernout, Regine Emile Anton26-06-1917 
Adriaansen, Josephus "Sjef"09-06-191908-08-1944
Admiraal, Gijsbertus06-05-1899 
Arkel, van, Johan Albert07-07-191430-05-1972
Abbink, Jan Dirk Willem Theodoor23-03-1906 
Adair, James Douglas17-12-191805-06-2001
Arkel, van, Jan27-08-191923-02-2011more
Azem, Ibrahim07-01-192410-04-1945
Appriou, Jean-François25-01-192109-12-1980more
Andrieu, Louis Auguste François28-01-192004-03-2011
Allin, Georges "Claude"23-03-192426-10-2016more
Antrim, Richard Nott17-12-190708-03-1969more
Aarts, Freddy29-03-1913 
Aart, van, C.  
Aarem, van, Robbert "Bob"14-08-1917 
Aar, van der, Everadus06-02-191418-09-1944
Aalst, van, Johannes Daniël19-11-1914 
Aalst, van, Auke Karel17-09-1909 
Alblas, Aart Hendrik "Aramis"20-09-191807-09-1944