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Defence Medal 1939-1945

The Defence Medal was awarded for service in the forces in non-operational areas subjected to air attack or closey threatened for at least three years service in Great Britain until 8th May 1945 or one year in territories overseas until 2 September 1945. In the case of mine and bomb disposal units the time qualification was three months and Canadians serving for one year in Newfoundland were eligible and persons serving for six months in Hong Kong were also eligible. Service in West Africa, Palestine and India, other than operational air crew, qualified also for this award. Those awarded the George Cross or the George Medal for civil defence received this award and the Home Guard also qualified for this award.

Owing to the terms of reference it was not unusual to find a person with this award who had never heard a shot fired, but a person with only the Defence Medal, for example, whilst serving in the rescue services in London earned also this award and only the man who wears this award knows why it was earned.

The award has the coinage head of King George VI on the obverse. The reverse shows the Royal Crown resting above a small oak tree and flanked by two heraldic lions. The dates 1939 and 1945 appear in the top left and right respectively on the reverse, whilst beneath are the words THE DEFENCE MEDAL. The Medal is made of a Cupro-Nickel combination. The Canadian versions however, were made of ".800 fine" silver.

The light green ribbon is 1.25 inches wide with a central stripe of orange, which is 0.5 inches wide, and a narrow black stripe in the middle of each green stripe. The orange (flame colour) represents the enemy attacks on the green land of England and the black stripes represents the black-outs.

Adair, Hugh* August 24th, 1923
† October 27th, 2013

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Jachnik, Stanislaw31-10-190325-11-1970more 
Jack, Hugh Clayton00-00-1921  
Jackson, Benjamin Parker00-00-1917  
Jackson, Burton Henry Peter00-11-191926-10-2006more 
Jackson, Norman Cyril08-04-191926-03-1994 
Jacobs, Henry "Jake"00-04-190709-10-1978more 
Jakel, Norman Ivan 11-11-1989 
Jamieson, David Auldjo01-10-192005-05-2001more 
Janson, John Oswald Stanley  more 
Jardine, William Henry28-08-190510-05-1990more 
Jarman, John   
Jarvis, Ambury Newton26-06-191226-02-1943 
Jeffers, H.H.16-01-190400-08-1963 
Jeffrey, Noel  more 
Jeka, Jozef06-04-191714-04-1958more 
Jenkins, Denzil Plummer00-00-1922  
Jenkins, John George   
Jicha, Vaclav10-02-191401-02-1945more 
Johnson, James Edgar "Johnnie"09-03-191530-01-2001more 
Johnson, Oscar Albert20-01-192426-02-1997 
Johnston, Francis Patrick Chislett10-03-1917 more 
Jones, Geoffrey Patrick 21-06-1942 
Jones, John   
Jones, John Eric 27-04-1941 
Jones, Robert Charles05-10-191621-05-1997 
Jones, Robert Maurice 22-01-1999 
Jones, William00-00-1911  
Jordan, Albert Ronald "Ron"00-04-191427-03-2003more 
Jordan, William Sydney20-11-190900-00-1983more 
Joughin, Ronald Theodore 27-06-2011 
Joux, de, Edward Ernest27-01-192121-07-1983 
Joynt, Alfred Earl29-04-191419-03-1945