TracesOfWar needs your help! We miss photos of important sights in the Netherlands, Belgium, France and Germany. Submit your photos to and it will be published!

Defence Medal 1939-1945

The Defence Medal was awarded for service in the forces in non-operational areas subjected to air attack or closey threatened for at least three years service in Great Britain until 8th May 1945 or one year in territories overseas until 2 September 1945. In the case of mine and bomb disposal units the time qualification was three months and Canadians serving for one year in Newfoundland were eligible and persons serving for six months in Hong Kong were also eligible. Service in West Africa, Palestine and India, other than operational air crew, qualified also for this award. Those awarded the George Cross or the George Medal for civil defence received this award and the Home Guard also qualified for this award.

Owing to the terms of reference it was not unusual to find a person with this award who had never heard a shot fired, but a person with only the Defence Medal, for example, whilst serving in the rescue services in London earned also this award and only the man who wears this award knows why it was earned.

The award has the coinage head of King George VI on the obverse. The reverse shows the Royal Crown resting above a small oak tree and flanked by two heraldic lions. The dates 1939 and 1945 appear in the top left and right respectively on the reverse, whilst beneath are the words THE DEFENCE MEDAL. The Medal is made of a Cupro-Nickel combination. The Canadian versions however, were made of ".800 fine" silver.

The light green ribbon is 1.25 inches wide with a central stripe of orange, which is 0.5 inches wide, and a narrow black stripe in the middle of each green stripe. The orange (flame colour) represents the enemy attacks on the green land of England and the black stripes represents the black-outs.

Adair, Hugh* August 24th, 1923
October 27th, 2013

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Nadeau, Robert   
Nakhoro, Jali Bin 25-07-1943 
Nakoniecznikoff, Przemysław W.00-00-1925 more 
Napier, Arthur Edward 14-08-1944 
Napier, Lawrence Egerton Scott00-02-189600-08-1969more 
Neale, John Alfred   
Neale, Peter Walter James 00-00-1999 
Neall, Oliver Zachariah00-00-190800-02-1999more 
Neblett, Loyd G.17-03-1919 more 
Nedved, Vladimir27-03-191731-12-2012more 
Newgass, Harold Reginald03-08-189617-11-1984 
Newman, Augustus Charles19-08-190426-04-1972more 
Newnham, Lanceray Arthur03-08-188918-12-1943more 
Nicholls, Arthur Frederick Edward08-02-191111-02-1944 
Nicholls, Harry21-04-191811-09-1975 
Nicolson, Eric James Brindley29-04-191702-05-1945more 
Nicolson, Hugh St. Lawrence  more 
Nixon, Herbert Sidney 00-02-1965 
Nolan, Edward Patrick05-05-191506-02-1998 
Norman, Frederick George00-00-1910  
Norris, Robert Wilson G.   
North-Lewis,Christopher David "Kit"13-03-191825-03-2008more 
Norton, Gerard Ross07-09-191529-10-2004more 
Notley, Harold Graham26-06-1919 more 
Nuttall, Squire 00-03-1991