Kriegsverdienstkreuz 1.Klasse mit Schwertern

The War Merit Cross 1st. class with swords (Kriegsverdienstkreuz 1. klasse mit Schwertern), also know as the KVK 1 was instituted on 18-10-1939 by Hitler. Like the KVK 2, this award could be awarded to military personal as well as to civilians (m/f) for bravery which was not directly connected with frontline actions. For example for maintenance of frontline vehicles and equipment, outstanding performance by the civil defence and security tasks. The recipient had to have been awarded the KVK 2 before the KVK 1 could be awarded, but on special occasions it was possible that both decorations were awarded at the same time.

This award is identical in design to the KVK 2 with Swords, but is silver washed instead of bronze. The reverse is flat and has a large pin and hook construction. In some examples the mint mark is stamped on the reverse of the award or on the pin itself. There is a version in existence where the pin and hook construction has been replaced by a screw with a large screw cap. This version is similar to the Iron Cross 1 with screw back. In some cases the screw back is marked. One well known manufacturer of this screw back is: Glaser & Sohn from Dresden. (L/58) Some other well know manufacturers of the KVK 1 are Steinhauser & Lück from Lüdenscheid (4), Ferdinand Hoffstädter from Bonn am Rhein (8), Friedrich Orth from Vienna (15), Karl Gschiermeister from Vienna (50), Gottlieb & Wagner from Idar/Oberstein (52), Robert Hauschild from Pforzheim (56), Kerbach & Oesterheld from Dresden (62), Klein & Quenzer from Idar/Oberstein (65), Rudolf Richter from Schlag (89), Wilhelm Deumer WD from Lüdenscheid (L/11), Otto Schickel from Pforzheim (L/15), C.F. Zimmermann from Pforzheim (L/52) and Glaser & Sohn from Dresden (L/58).

The award was presented in a black box with a black filling with a slit to accommodate the pin. For the screw back version the filling was made in the shape of the screw back. The inside of the lid was covered with white silk, the outside bore the silhouette of the award in silver. The medal was awarded with a standard citation. The award was worn on the left breast pocket, just like the Iron Cross 1. It is estimated that a total of 483.603 decorations have been awarded during WWII.

Alt, Erich* June 26th, 1887
† August 22nd, 1966

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Bentivegni, von, Franz-Eccard18-07-189604-04-1958more 
Braun, Günther08-09-1908  
Benicke, Fritz11-08-189414-03-1975more 
Babinger, Hugo   
Bach, Curt   
Bach-Zelewski, von dem, Erich01-03-189908-03-1972more 
Bachmann, Johannes22-03-189002-04-1945 
Backenköhler, Otto01-02-189205-02-1967more 
Bacmeister, Adolf15-07-1882  
Bader, Kurt26-02-189901-06-1959 
Bader, Robert Hermann14-03-189909-05-1945more 
Bagge af Boo, Baron, Georg Olaf09-01-191527-01-1944 
Ballauff, Werner21-09-189010-01-1973 
Baltzer, Robert03-07-189208-03-1943 
Balve, Helmuth   
Balz, Fritz   
Bangerskis, Rudolfs21-07-187825-02-1958more 
Barbie, Nikolaus "Klaus"25-10-191323-09-1991 
Barchewitz, Hans   
Barckhausen, Franz21-12-188203-05-1956more 
Bardua, Hans-Günther   
Barnewitz, Hans-Joachim18-08-189219-04-1965 
Bartels, Albert17-09-1911  
Bartsch, Hugo   
Bassewitz-Behr, von, Graf Georg-Henning21-03-190031-01-1949more 
Bastian, Max28-08-188311-03-1958 
Bauch, Paul   
Bauer, Alfred (SS-Brigadeführer)14-04-1896  
Bauer, Ernst03-02-191412-03-1988 
Bauer, Paul   
Baumann, Konrad   
Baumeister, Wilhelm07-12-188719-01-1963 
Bechstädt, Walter04-08-1890  
Beck, Emil22-11-1887  
Becker, Alfred20-08-1899  
Becker, Rudolf ("Großdeutschland")   
Becker, Walter (WH-Nachrichten)   
Becker, Wilhelm   
Bedenk, Albert03-06-189721-11-1973 
Behrendt, Otto   
Behrens, Johannes (Oberstabarzt)   
Behrens, Otto30-11-191309-10-1952 
Beinl, Anton   
Benda, Hans19-08-187727-02-1951 
Benecke, Dr., Friedrich   
Bennecke, Jürgen12-09-1912  
Benoit, Wilhelm26-06-1901  
Bergau, Werner   
Berger, Gottlob-Christian16-07-189605-01-1975more 
Bernhardt, Edmund   
Berthold, Hans   
Bertram, George31-08-188227-10-1953 
Besch, Hans-Eberhard   
Bessell, Hans24-02-189311-02-1979 
Besslein, Georg-Robert14-12-191127-04-1993more 
Besuden, Hermann06-06-190504-08-1988 
Bickel, Andreas   
Bieneck, Hellmuth07-11-188708-03-1972 
Bierschenk, Ernst04-11-189412-01-1956 
Bingler, Kurt13-10-188822-01-1972more 
Blaicher, Ernst12-07-190107-06-1978 
Blaskowitz, Johannes10-07-188305-02-1948more 
Bleicher, Hugo Ernst09-08-189900-08-1982 
Blobel, Paul13-08-189407-06-1951more 
Block, Heinrich   
Block, Paul10-01-189522-07-1956 
Blohm, Rudolf02-09-188507-10-1979 
Blumröder von, Hans Wolf   
Bobsien, Otto   
Bock, Max23-10-187812-11-1945 
Bodenschatz, Karl10-12-189025-08-1979 
Bodenstein, Werner02-08-190531-07-1983 
Bodensteiner, Ernst07-08-1916  
Boehm-Tettelbach, Alfred28-03-187812-07-1962 
Boehringer, Gustav07-07-189220-02-1945more 
Boesler, Walther19-12-188615-02-1957 
Boetticher, von, Friedrich14-10-188128-09-1967more 
Bolek, Andreas03-05-189405-05-1945 
Boner, Alfred02-01-190205-03-1988 
Bordihn, Adolf14-01-188920-01-1958 
Boriß, Dr., Erich   
Bork, Erich   
Borne, von dem, Kurt24-11-188531-01-1946more 
Bosch, Richard   
Braeuer, Walter02-11-188006-11-1955 
Brand, Fritz22-04-188926-11-1967 
Brandenburg, Ernst Bruno04-06-188301-07-1952 
Brandes, Ferdinand30-04-187919-04-1974 
Brandt, Helmut   
Brandt, Rudolf Emil Hermann02-06-190902-06-1948 
Braun, Franz   
Braun, Freiherr von, Wernher Magnus Maximilian23-03-191216-06-1977 
Braun, Max   
Braun, Rolf   
Brauweiler, Max30-03-188311-12-1944 
Brecht, Gustav09-01-188000-00-1965 
Breidenstein , Wilhelm   
Breith, Friedrich25-05-189209-07-1982 
Breith, Kurt   
Breithaupt, Franz08-12-188029-04-1945more 
Breithaupt, Wolfgang19-09-191324-10-1942 
Brenner, Karl-Heinrich19-05-189515-02-1954more 
Brinck, Joachim08-07-190028-06-1944 
Brink, Reinhard   
Brinkmann, Ferdinand   
Brosien-Bueschler, Alexander04-04-190528-06-1967 
Bruder, Kuno20-09-188623-10-1964more 
Brugmann, Walter02-04-188703-06-1944 
Brummenbaum, Albert31-08-189200-00-1953 
Bruns, Günter   
Brückmann, Heinrich   
Bröking, Fritz   
Bucher, Wolfgang   
Bucklisch, Ludwig   
Buhse, Heinz03-01-191726-03-1945 
Buntrock, Georg   
Burger, Herbert   
Busch, Wilhelm (Stab Festung Frankfurt)   
Bussebaum, Dr., Günter   
Butz, Anton   
Büchting, Andreas17-01-189624-10-1942 
Bühling, Dr., Richard   
Bülowius, Karl02-03-189027-03-1945more 
Bülowius, Stephan01-08-189526-04-1979more 
Bürger, Albert13-06-191316-03-1996 
Bürger, Walter24-09-187717-09-1967 
Bürkle de la Camp, Heinrich03-06-189502-05-1974 
Bürkner, Leopold29-01-189415-07-1975more 
Bäder, Georg   
Bäumlinger, Erich   
Böhler, Lorenz15-01-188520-01-1973 
Böttger, Lothar   

Sources