Defence Medal 1939-1945

The Defence Medal was awarded for service in the forces in non-operational areas subjected to air attack or closey threatened for at least three years service in Great Britain until 8th May 1945 or one year in territories overseas until 2 September 1945. In the case of mine and bomb disposal units the time qualification was three months and Canadians serving for one year in Newfoundland were eligible and persons serving for six months in Hong Kong were also eligible. Service in West Africa, Palestine and India, other than operational air crew, qualified also for this award. Those awarded the George Cross or the George Medal for civil defence received this award and the Home Guard also qualified for this award.

Owing to the terms of reference it was not unusual to find a person with this award who had never heard a shot fired, but a person with only the Defence Medal, for example, whilst serving in the rescue services in London earned also this award and only the man who wears this award knows why it was earned.

The award has the coinage head of King George VI on the obverse. The reverse shows the Royal Crown resting above a small oak tree and flanked by two heraldic lions. The dates 1939 and 1945 appear in the top left and right respectively on the reverse, whilst beneath are the words THE DEFENCE MEDAL. The Medal is made of a Cupro-Nickel combination. The Canadian versions however, were made of ".800 fine" silver.

The light green ribbon is 1.25 inches wide with a central stripe of orange, which is 0.5 inches wide, and a narrow black stripe in the middle of each green stripe. The orange (flame colour) represents the enemy attacks on the green land of England and the black stripes represents the black-outs.

Adair, Hugh* August 24th, 1923
October 27th, 2013

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Eames, Erick Jack   
Easter, Leonard A.01-06-1922 more 
Eastwood, Frank Allen   
Edwards, Edward Wallace   
Edwards, Ivor Herbert  more 
Edwards, T.   
Elizabeth II, Elizabeth Alexandra Mary21-04-1926  
Ellenby, Malcolm Richard   
Elliott, Leslie Norman   
Engbrecht, Peter00-00-1923 more 
English, Ian Roger18-06-1919 more 
Ensor, Maechel Anthony "Mick"05-01-1922 more 
Evans, William David Douglas   
Everist, Anthony Maurice31-10-1912 more 
Edmonds, Lionel Frank 09-12-1941 
Elbrow, Claude Bertram05-12-188827-11-1943 
Eaton, George Andrew 01-03-1945more 
Ewald, Ferdinand Charles Tray 14-06-1946 
Evill, Douglas Claude Strathern08-10-189222-03-1971more 
Embry, Basil Edward28-02-190208-12-1977more 
Eastman, William Marsden26-10-191108-04-1980more 
Ellis, Ronald Vernon22-02-191700-00-1988more 
Edwards, James Keith O'Neill23-03-192007-07-1988 
Eckford, Alan Francis00-00-191900-00-1990 
Emberg, Ronald John 00-00-1991more 
Etheridge, Albert Edward06-05-191627-05-1991 
Eardley, George Harold06-05-191211-09-1991more 
Eaton, Brian Alexander15-12-191601-10-1992more 
East, Horace Ernest04-04-191503-01-1998 
Ellacombe, John Lawrence Wemyss28-02-192011-05-2004 
Evans, Bernard Leslie06-08-192014-09-2004 
Errington, Harry20-08-191015-12-2005 
Emly, Richard Walter Francis22-05-191805-02-2007more 
Elwin, Reginald Leonard Thomas 14-09-2013more 

Sources