Defence Medal 1939-1945

The Defence Medal was awarded for service in the forces in non-operational areas subjected to air attack or closey threatened for at least three years service in Great Britain until 8th May 1945 or one year in territories overseas until 2 September 1945. In the case of mine and bomb disposal units the time qualification was three months and Canadians serving for one year in Newfoundland were eligible and persons serving for six months in Hong Kong were also eligible. Service in West Africa, Palestine and India, other than operational air crew, qualified also for this award. Those awarded the George Cross or the George Medal for civil defence received this award and the Home Guard also qualified for this award.

Owing to the terms of reference it was not unusual to find a person with this award who had never heard a shot fired, but a person with only the Defence Medal, for example, whilst serving in the rescue services in London earned also this award and only the man who wears this award knows why it was earned.

The award has the coinage head of King George VI on the obverse. The reverse shows the Royal Crown resting above a small oak tree and flanked by two heraldic lions. The dates 1939 and 1945 appear in the top left and right respectively on the reverse, whilst beneath are the words THE DEFENCE MEDAL. The Medal is made of a Cupro-Nickel combination. The Canadian versions however, were made of ".800 fine" silver.

The light green ribbon is 1.25 inches wide with a central stripe of orange, which is 0.5 inches wide, and a narrow black stripe in the middle of each green stripe. The orange (flame colour) represents the enemy attacks on the green land of England and the black stripes represents the black-outs.

Adair, Hugh* August 24th, 1923
† October 27th, 2013

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Cameron, Duncan   
Campbell, John   
Cappi, Ernst Thomson   
Cargill, William   
Carter, Bernard Law   
Carter, Thomas Christopher "Toby"27-12-1917 more 
Chance, Peter Goodwin  more 
Charles, Edward   
Cohen, G.M. "Kay"   
Cole, Kenneth John00-00-1919  
Coop, Thomas William   
Costello, John Aston05-04-1916  
Cotter, John00-06-1912  
Cotterell, Lester  more 
Courage, Rafe Edward22-06-1902 more 
Cowan, William James Henry   
Cox, Derrick   
Coyne, James Anthony Ignatius   
Craggs, Harold Telfer13-08-1919 more 
Cramer, John08-01-1916 more 
Crankshaw, John Anthony Norman00-00-1918 more 
Cypher, Herbert Thomas   
Chase, Frederick John Alliston18-04-191018-04-1910 
Campbell, Alexander Fraser02-05-189818-10-1940 
Curtis, Charles 06-02-1942 
Campbell, John Charles "Jock"10-01-189426-02-1942more 
Campbell, Sydney Peter07-05-190908-11-1942 
Cizek, Evzen10-12-190426-11-1942more 
Carmichael, Gordon Thomas 09-07-1943 
Campion, Michael Patrick08-05-191604-12-1943 
Campling, Eric Frank Knowles01-08-192008-04-1944more 
Cagienard, Robert-Roland00-00-192025-04-1944 
Campion, George Alexander23-01-191123-05-1944 
Conway, Victor George Henry 06-06-1944 
Cutts, Edward Gersham28-11-190517-06-1944 
Cockbain, Stephen Legh00-00-191614-01-1945 
Cherry, Frank Arthur28-04-192110-04-1945 
Corby, John00-03-188700-00-1946more 
Corser, Richard George00-00-192000-05-1949more 
Charlton, Wilson Hodgson09-04-190712-05-1953 
Cole, Robert Bruce11-11-191916-01-1956more 
Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningh, Andrew Browne07-01-188312-06-1963more 
Cottrell-Hill, Roger Charles00-00-190300-00-1965more 
Connolly, Stephen John Verdun05-03-191721-07-1966 
Croker, Edward James O’Brien21-06-191013-05-1967more 
Combe, John Frederick Boyce01-08-189512-07-1967more 
Cain, Robert Henry02-01-190902-05-1974 
Chandler, Thomas Francis00-00-191905-04-1975more 
Cullen, Frederick John27-08-190415-02-1976more 
Collishaw, Raymond22-11-189328-09-1976 
Colyer, Douglas01-03-189322-02-1978more 
Cracknell, Douglas Aubrey09-12-190900-00-1979more 
Chater, Hartley Ernest00-02-190300-00-1983 
Cohen, Vincent Oswald00-00-191200-00-1984 
Clouston, Arthur Edmund07-04-190801-01-1984more 
Carr, Jack Theobald01-07-190327-07-1984 
Campbell, Robert McNeil29-11-192300-11-1985more 
Currie, David Vivian08-07-191224-06-1986more 
Crawford-Compton, William Vernon02-03-191502-01-1988more 
Cock, John Reynolds03-03-191829-08-1988 
Cliff, Geoffrey John "Jack"14-08-190714-10-1988more 
Cukr, Vaclav16-10-191314-10-1989more 
Czerny, Jan Tadeusz02-01-190818-02-1991more 
Clayton, Gareth Thomas Butler13-11-191405-02-1992more 
Callander, Donald Fraser22-04-191805-04-1992more 
Cheshire, Geoffrey Leonard07-09-191731-07-1992more 
Carr-Lewty, Robet Albert06-07-191104-03-1994 
Caldwell, Clive Robertson "Killer"28-07-191105-08-1994more 
Cochrane, Alfred William Gordon10-10-191629-10-1994more 
Chandler, Alfred Roy08-08-190800-00-1995 
Chennell, Lionel Albert 00-00-1997 
Craig, John Harper23-05-191401-06-2000 
Cutler, Arthur Roden24-05-191621-02-2002more 
Cross, Kenneth Brian Boyd "Bing"04-10-191118-06-2003more 
Cameron, Ralph Alverne Cyril25-08-191807-07-2004 
Currant, Christopher Frederick "Bunny"14-12-191112-03-2006more 
Checketts, John Milne20-02-191221-04-2006more 
Campbell, Arthur William11-04-192019-08-2010 
Cross, Philip Louis Ulrich01-05-191704-10-2013 
Curtis, Lettice01-02-191521-07-2014 
Chojnacki, Wlodzimierz19-11-191402-10-2014more 
Campbell, John Davies11-11-192130-07-2015more 
Carey, Walter Evan21-11-192018-02-2016 
Cranefield, Knivett Carton02-05-192217-09-2016 
Cartmell, James Henry18-09-192224-02-2017more 

Sources