Defence Medal 1939-1945

The Defence Medal was awarded for service in the forces in non-operational areas subjected to air attack or closey threatened for at least three years service in Great Britain until 8th May 1945 or one year in territories overseas until 2 September 1945. In the case of mine and bomb disposal units the time qualification was three months and Canadians serving for one year in Newfoundland were eligible and persons serving for six months in Hong Kong were also eligible. Service in West Africa, Palestine and India, other than operational air crew, qualified also for this award. Those awarded the George Cross or the George Medal for civil defence received this award and the Home Guard also qualified for this award.

Owing to the terms of reference it was not unusual to find a person with this award who had never heard a shot fired, but a person with only the Defence Medal, for example, whilst serving in the rescue services in London earned also this award and only the man who wears this award knows why it was earned.

The award has the coinage head of King George VI on the obverse. The reverse shows the Royal Crown resting above a small oak tree and flanked by two heraldic lions. The dates 1939 and 1945 appear in the top left and right respectively on the reverse, whilst beneath are the words THE DEFENCE MEDAL. The Medal is made of a Cupro-Nickel combination. The Canadian versions however, were made of ".800 fine" silver.

The light green ribbon is 1.25 inches wide with a central stripe of orange, which is 0.5 inches wide, and a narrow black stripe in the middle of each green stripe. The orange (flame colour) represents the enemy attacks on the green land of England and the black stripes represents the black-outs.

Adair, Hugh* August 24th, 1923
† October 27th, 2013

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Ram, Telu   
Ratcliff, John Hart09-05-1913  
Ratcliff, Leonard Fitch  more 
Redgrave, Ernest Albert26-09-1918  
Reed, Charles Phillip   
Rees, D.T.   
Rhodes, Kenneth   
Richards, Frank Alan   
Richardson, George Martin   
Riley, Michael   
Rippon, Thomas Arthur   
Robb, W.   
Roberts, Charles Douglas  more 
Roberts, Frederick  more 
Roberts, Keith Constantine   
Roberts, Ronald Alex   
Robertson, Richard24-06-1915  
Robinson, Garner00-00-1921 more 
Ronaldson, Thomas Hugh   
Ronson, H.   
Rooney, Robert William Stanislaus26-04-1922  
Rose, Leonard Graham   
Roskell, William   
Ross, David Burgess  more 
Rowbotham, I.   
Rowe, George   
Rutherford, Robert   
Robinson, Michael Lister08-05-191710-04-1942more 
Rycroft, Francis Arthur 04-02-1944more 
Russell, David30-03-191128-02-1945 
Ramsbottom-Isherwood, Henry Neville Gynes13-07-190524-04-1950more 
Roy, Patrick Denson11-02-192103-03-1953 
Richards, Alfred Joseph21-06-187921-05-1953 
Rees, Lionel Wilmot Brabazon31-07-188428-09-1955more 
Reynolds, Edward Womersley27-06-191716-12-1955 
Rawnsley, Cecil Frederick "Jimmy"00-00-190412-02-1965more 
Roupell, George Rowland Patrick07-04-189204-03-1974more 
Rundvall, Leonard Paul03-10-192030-09-1982 
Rechka, Josef12-09-191015-01-1984more 
Ryder, Robert Edward Dudley16-02-190829-06-1986more 
Rockingham, John Meredith "Rocky"24-08-191107-07-1987more 
Rossum, van, August11-03-191600-00-1989more 
Richey, Paul Henry Mills00-00-191623-02-1989more 
Reid, David Wilson00-00-190600-12-1989more 
Rowlinson, Charles Joseph00-00-191400-00-1993 
Riley, Charles George Gibson 'Pat'00-00-191500-00-1999more 
Russell, Robert Ernest02-01-191600-00-2002 
Reilly, Thomas29-07-190614-12-2003more 
Rees, Daniel05-02-192221-06-2004more 
Ruman, Tadeusz Alojzy02-11-191906-05-2009more 
Ruiter, de, Cornelis04-06-191905-07-2009more 
Reynolds, Victor James20-07-190609-01-2010 
Robitaille, Joseph Philippe Guy02-10-192021-06-2014more 
Rřnneberg, Joachim Holmboe30-08-191921-10-2018more 

Sources