Defence Medal 1939-1945

The Defence Medal was awarded for service in the forces in non-operational areas subjected to air attack or closey threatened for at least three years service in Great Britain until 8th May 1945 or one year in territories overseas until 2 September 1945. In the case of mine and bomb disposal units the time qualification was three months and Canadians serving for one year in Newfoundland were eligible and persons serving for six months in Hong Kong were also eligible. Service in West Africa, Palestine and India, other than operational air crew, qualified also for this award. Those awarded the George Cross or the George Medal for civil defence received this award and the Home Guard also qualified for this award.

Owing to the terms of reference it was not unusual to find a person with this award who had never heard a shot fired, but a person with only the Defence Medal, for example, whilst serving in the rescue services in London earned also this award and only the man who wears this award knows why it was earned.

The award has the coinage head of King George VI on the obverse. The reverse shows the Royal Crown resting above a small oak tree and flanked by two heraldic lions. The dates 1939 and 1945 appear in the top left and right respectively on the reverse, whilst beneath are the words THE DEFENCE MEDAL. The Medal is made of a Cupro-Nickel combination. The Canadian versions however, were made of ".800 fine" silver.

The light green ribbon is 1.25 inches wide with a central stripe of orange, which is 0.5 inches wide, and a narrow black stripe in the middle of each green stripe. The orange (flame colour) represents the enemy attacks on the green land of England and the black stripes represents the black-outs.

Adair, Hugh* August 24th, 1923
† October 27th, 2013

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Halliday, M.N.  more 
Hamblett, Fred   
Hampshire, Keith McDermott10-09-1914 more 
Hampson, Richard Gordon02-05-1921 more 
Hampson, W.   
Harrison, Wilfred   
Hart, John Henry "Jack"20-12-1917  
Hartley, Robert00-00-1923  
Hawkes, Geoffrey William00-01-1920  
Hawkins, Leslie William16-11-1919 more 
Hearne, Philip   
Heath, William   
Hemson, Stanley Colin  more 
Henderson, Robert   
Herman, Aurel Gustav  more 
Hicken, Arthur james   
Hill, William Arthur   
Hillier, George Albert   
Hiscox, Gaius Potter  more 
Hodgson, Frederick Charles  more 
Holmes, Albert Harold   
Hopewell, William Harry   
Hopkins, Sidney Charles   
Horrocks, Joseph   
Howes, J.   
Hubble, Samuel   
Hudson, James  more 
Hudson, Tom   
Hudson-Beck, Cyril Aubrey  more 
Hughes, John "Jack"   
Humphrey, James10-10-1921 more 
Humphries, Robert   
Hunter, Graham   
Hutchins, V.J.  more 
Hyde, Eric Charles   
Hendry, James20-12-191113-06-1941 
Hennessy, Patrick 20-12-1941more 
Henderson, Gordon07-03-191325-06-1943 
Herring, Wilfred Stanley "Kipper"00-00-191404-07-1943more 
Himr, Jaroslav17-06-191712-09-1943more 
Horwood, Alec George06-01-191420-01-1944 
Hegman, John Alfred23-06-190415-02-1944more 
Horsfield, Kenneth30-09-192018-08-1944 
Holmes, John Cecil00-00-192106-03-1945more 
Hunter, Thomas Peck06-10-192302-04-1945 
Howard, Basil06-07-191529-05-1945 
Hill, Roderic Maxwell01-03-189406-10-1954more 
Haining, Sir, Robert Hadden00-00-188200-00-1959 
Harrison-Wallace, Henry Steuart MacNaghten00-07-188324-06-1963more 
Hollinghurst, Leslie Norman02-01-189508-06-1971more 
Hollis, Stanley Elton21-09-191208-02-1972more 
Hollowday, Vivian13-10-191615-04-1977more 
Hughes, Frank03-04-191800-00-1979more 
Higgins, Stephen04-12-189018-01-1980 
Higgins, Martin Anthony "Pat" / "Paddy"23-10-191519-03-1981 
Hess, Alexander04-05-189810-08-1981more 
Hardman, James Donald Innes21-12-189902-03-1982more 
Hulme, Alfred Clive24-01-191103-09-1982more 
Harris, Arthur Travers "Bomber"13-04-189205-04-1984more 
Horrocks, Sir Brian Gwynne07-09-189504-01-1985more 
Holl, Štěpán20-12-191928-11-1985more 
Hugo, Petrus Hendrik20-12-191706-06-1986more 
Haywood, William Thomas23-08-191110-10-1991 
Hoch, Ján Ludvik Hyman Binyamin10-06-192305-11-1991more 
Hanus, Josef11-09-191321-04-1992more 
Haw, Charlton00-00-192000-00-1993more 
Higham, Richard00-00-191800-03-1993more 
Hoyer-Millar, Francis Kinglake14-07-191900-07-1993more 
Hume, Walter Henry Frederick15-06-191616-04-1994 
Howe, Arthur Douglas30-07-191600-00-1995 
Hallowes, Odette "Sansom" Marie Celine28-04-191213-03-1995more 
Houlton, John Arthur23-09-192216-04-1996more 
Hinton, John Daniel17-09-190928-06-1997more 
Hackett, John Winthrop "Shan"05-11-191009-09-1997more 
Holden-White, Harold Vere00-00-191700-00-1999more 
Haidar, Ali21-08-191315-07-1999 
Highet, John "Ian"09-12-192409-12-1999more 
Holder, Paul Davie02-09-191122-04-2001more 
Hobson, Albert "Danny"15-08-192619-06-2001 
Haines, Bernard Smith15-04-192306-06-2003 
Houben, Henri30-04-192011-04-2004more 
Hobbs, Bruce Robertson00-00-192000-00-2005 
Harrison, Edgar Charles 00-11-2005more 
Hill, Stanley James Ledger "Speedy"14-03-191116-03-2006more 
Hart, 't, Jaap 27-03-2007more 
Houle, Albert Ulrich "Bert"24-03-191401-06-2008 
Haine, Richard Cummings06-10-191630-09-2008more 
Heimes, Leopold30-08-191626-06-2009 
Harley (Cheese), Ronald Victor02-08-191919-08-2010more 
Hennessy, Ralph08-09-191813-06-2014more 
Howard-Jones, Geoffrey Markham11-09-191916-12-2015 
Hart, David Lloyd07-07-191727-03-2019more