Navy Cross

When the United States entered the First World War, the country had no other meritorious decoration than the Medal of Honor. It had no decoration to recognize heroic actions that could not apply for the Medal of Honor. To fill this gap, the US Army instituted the Distinguished Service Cross and the Distinguished Service Medal in 1918. The Navy and Marine Corps followed somewhat later.
On February 4th 1919, the Navy Cross was instituted by act of Congress as the third highest Naval decoration after the Navy Medal of Honor and the Navy Distinguished Service Medal.

This made the medal not very popular. Most servicemen regarded it as a minor decoration.
The Navy Cros was made retroactive till April 6th 1917. On August 7th 1942, the Congress upgraded the medal and placed it directly under the Medal of Honor. It then became a combat-only recognition.

The Navy Cross was designed by James Earl Fraser. Through the years it knew some differences. The medal itself has always been the same. It is a three part construction. The cross and the front and the back of the medallion are struck separately and soldered together. The earliest version (1919-1928) wears a ribbon with a very narrow white stripe on the blue cloth. The medal has mostly a dull, greenish bronze colour. The later issues (1928-1941) have a more custom .5" white stripe on the ribbon and are of a more darker, gunmetal bronze.
The cross is designed as a modified cross that measures 1,5 inches wide. The ends of the arms are rounded. On each re-entrant arms of the cross can be found a bunch of laurel leaves with berries to represent achievement. In the centre is depicted a sailing vessel on waves, sailing to the left. The ship is a so called Caravelle, symbolic for sailing ships of the 14th century.
The reverse bears crossed anchors of the pre-1850 period, with attached cables. In the mid can be found the letters USN.
The ribbon is in Navy Blue with a white stripe in the center, to represent the Navy service and the purity of selflessness.

The Navy Cross may be awarded to any person who, while serving with the Navy or Marine Corps, distinguishes himself in action by extraordinary heroism not justifying an award of the Medal of Honor. The action must take place under one of three circumstances: while engaged in action against an enemy of the United States; while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force; or, while serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict in which the United States is not a belligerent party. To earn a Navy Cross the act to be commended must be performed in the presence of great danger or at great personal risk and must be performed in such a manner as to render the individual highly conspicuous among others of equal grade, rate, experience, or position of responsibility. An accumulation of minor acts of heroism does not justify an award of the Navy Cross.

Replicas are almost without exception struck out of one piece instead of the original three piece construction. During the years 1941-1942 a variation was seen that was nicknamed “Black Widow” with a blackened finish of the medal. Most of these awards were awarded posthumously. From the mid of World War Two the more original dull bronze finish was once more adapted.

Abele, Mannert Lincoln* July 11th, 1903
† August 16th, 1942

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NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Guy, Jack Oswald   
Guttenberger, Francis M.   
Gutowski, Thomas Michael   
Guthrie, Orbie C.   
Guskov, E.V.   
Gurin, Anton Iosifovich28-09-191022-10-1962 
Gunther, Franklin W.   
Gunter, John Burrows   
Gunn, Frederick Arthur13-10-191107-08-1994 
Gundert, Leonard A.   
Guinn, Dick Henry   
Guilano, Guiseppe, Jr.   
Guest, William Selman   
Gruver, Harry L.   
Gruner, William Philip, Jr. "Bud"18-09-191310-06-2002 
Grubiss, Hubert Frederick   
Groves, Stephen W.   
Grove, Robert Woodrow   
Grossi, Dominick J.09-09-192008-03-1945 
Gross, Royce L.   
Gross, John M.   
Grissim, William H., III   
Griffth, Walter T.   
Griffith, Samuel B.   
Griffin, William A. 15-06-1944 
Griffin, Edward R.J.   
Griese, Wilbur C.   
Grider, George William01-10-191220-03-1991more 
Gribbin, Thomas A.   
Greshilov, Mikhail Vasilyevich15-11-191208-03-2004more 
Grenfell, Elton Watters17-06-190300-00-1980 
Greig, William D.   
Gregor, Orville F.   
Gregg, Max Eugene   
Greer, Richard Donald, Jr.   
Greer, Harry Holt, Jr.   
Greenwell, John "Jack"25-09-192208-01-2011 
Greene, Thomas Jethro   
Greene, Eugene Allen   
Greene, Edgar C.   
Greenamyer, Lloyd Keyes   
Green, James H.   
Green, Daniel M.   
Green, Charles E.   
Greely, Joseph   
Greber, Charles Frederic   
Grazier, George H.   
Gray, Steven Thomas   
Gray, Robert L.   
Gray, Philip R.   
Gray, John Porter   
Gray, John Floyd   
Gravitt, John C.   
Grau, Leroy Harry   
Gratzek, Thomas J.   
Grassi, Everett B.   
Grantham, Elonzo B., Jr.   
Grant, William Alexander, Jr.   
Grant, James Dorr   
Grant, Daryl L.   
Granston, Robert W.   
Granat, William   
Gramling, Louis R.   
Graham, Vernon E.   
Graham, Ralph Ellsworth   
Graham, Hugh E., Jr.   
Graham, Donald A.   
Grady, William Richard 'Dick'30-05-192019-02-1943 
Grady, George Francis28-04-192007-08-1942 
Grabowsky, Leon   
Govel, Anderw   
Gove, Willard Thomas   
Gould, Frank G.   
Goss, Angus R.   
Goslin, Victor E.   
Gorton, Independent Whipple   
Gorman, John Raymond   
Gorham, William Walter   
Gore, John Robert, Jr.   
Gordon, Robert Thornton   
Gordon, Finley Arnold   
Gorder, Merle Howard   
Goodwin, Harry Allen   
Goodson, Nelson   
Goodrich, Robert Raymond   
Goodall, Henry W.   
Good, William Thomas   
Gombasy, Louis G.   
Goldsmith, Myron J.   
Goldsmith, George H.   
Goldman, James F.   
Goheen, Richard R. P. "Dick"00-00-191717-03-1946 
Goffigon, Kemper, III   
Goff, William A.   
Goff, Herbert B., Jr. 15-09-1944 
Goebel, Morris Ralph   
Godwin, Edward R.   
Glynn, James Mercer   
Gluntz, George A.   
Glover, Cato Douglas, Jr.   
Globokar, Raymond   
Glidden, Elmer   
Glenn, Robert S.   
Glass Richard Raymond   
Glacken, George Thomas   
Givens, Warren L.18-11-192407-08-1942more 
Ginder, John K.B.   
Gilroy, Anthony Francis   
Gilreath, John Franklin   
Gilliland, Theodore B.19-01-192107-10-1994 
Gill, Warren Calavan   
Gill, Richard R.   
Gilfert, R.B.   
Gilchrest, Dexter Stuart   
Gilbert, Lawrence Edwin13-11-191713-11-2002 
Gilbert, Clifford R.   
Gift, Ronald Paul   
Gibson, William Kemp, Jr.   
Gibson, Robert Douglas   
Gibson, Edward Frank   
Gibbs, Harry B.   
Gibbs George A.   
Ghesquire, George David   
Gerycz, Steve   
Gerst, James L.   
Germershausen, William Joseph, Jr.   
Geraghty, Joseph Cavanaugh11-02-1923  
Georguis, Melvin Henry   
George, Eugene Frank   
Gentile, Ernest John16-11-1909  
Gelshenen, Martin L.   
Geisler, Joseph B.   
Geiger, Roy Stanley25-01-188523-01-1947more 
Gehrke, Wilbur J.   
Gehres, Leslie Edward23-09-189815-05-1975more 
Gee, Roy Phillip   
Gaynier, Oswald J.   
Gayler, Noel A.M.   
Gayle, Gordon Donald13-09-1917  
Gay, Roy M.   
Gay, George Henry, Jr.08-03-191721-10-1994 
Gavin, Thomas P.   
Gauvey, William, Jr.   
Gates, Charles R.   
Gatch, Thomas Leigh   
Garrison, Malcolm Everett   
Garrett, William Robert   
Garrett, Nolen M.   
Garretson, Frank E.   
Gardner, Clyde G., Jr.   
Gant, Que   
Gano, Roy Alexander   
Gandy, Andrew Jackson, Jr.   
Gammage, Thomas Milton01-02-1918  
Gamble, Lester H.   
Gambino, Frank Joseph   
Gallaher, Willmer E.   
Gallaher, Anton Renkl   
Gallagher, William   
Galantin, Ignatius J.   
Gaiennie, George William   
Gagnon, Leo M.   
Gabriel, Williard F.   
Gabel, Robert W.   
Gabaldon, Guy Louis22-03-192631-08-2006 
Gimber C.F.   
Gilmore, Howard Walter29-09-190207-02-1943more