The Indonesian National Revolution was effectively two relatively short offensive operations, conducted by the Dutch armed forces during the Indonesian war of independence. The first operation took place from 21 July until 5 Augustus 1947 and the second one from 19 December 1948 to 5 January 1949. The operations served to restore the Dutch authority in the area, after it had been lost at the end of the Second World War. In total around 5,000 Dutch soldiers lost their lives. Many of them still have their final resting place on the Dutch military cemeteries in Indonesia.