Defence Medal 1939-1945

The Defence Medal was awarded for service in the forces in non-operational areas subjected to air attack or closey threatened for at least three years service in Great Britain until 8th May 1945 or one year in territories overseas until 2 September 1945. In the case of mine and bomb disposal units the time qualification was three months and Canadians serving for one year in Newfoundland were eligible and persons serving for six months in Hong Kong were also eligible. Service in West Africa, Palestine and India, other than operational air crew, qualified also for this award. Those awarded the George Cross or the George Medal for civil defence received this award and the Home Guard also qualified for this award.

Owing to the terms of reference it was not unusual to find a person with this award who had never heard a shot fired, but a person with only the Defence Medal, for example, whilst serving in the rescue services in London earned also this award and only the man who wears this award knows why it was earned.

The award has the coinage head of King George VI on the obverse. The reverse shows the Royal Crown resting above a small oak tree and flanked by two heraldic lions. The dates 1939 and 1945 appear in the top left and right respectively on the reverse, whilst beneath are the words THE DEFENCE MEDAL. The Medal is made of a Cupro-Nickel combination. The Canadian versions however, were made of ".800 fine" silver.

The light green ribbon is 1.25 inches wide with a central stripe of orange, which is 0.5 inches wide, and a narrow black stripe in the middle of each green stripe. The orange (flame colour) represents the enemy attacks on the green land of England and the black stripes represents the black-outs.

Adair, Hugh* August 24th, 1923
October 27th, 2013

Grid List
Tan, Boon Cheok* May 18th, 1922
March 14th, 1971

Tangen, Bjarne* June 6th, 1922

more
Tatham-Warter, Allison "Digby"* May 26th, 1917
March 21st, 1993

Tatler, Harold John Mason* April 24th, 1917
January 15th, 2009

more
Tattersall, Hugh Geoffrey Wynne* May 1st, 1923
October 7th, 1988

Tayler, Denis Graham William* September 19th, 1920
September 3rd, 2005

more
Taylor, Clive Shackleton* September 8th, 1920
March 21st, 2012

Taylor, William Horace* October 23rd, 1908
January 16th, 1999

Temke, William Henry October 8th, 1944
Plot: 3 Row: D Grave: 5

Theobald, Wilfred Murray June 12th, 1943
Plot: 121 

Thomas, Henry James "Jim"* June 21st, 1917
December 15th, 1965

Thomas, Herbert Samuel Griffiths* April 15th, 1912
August 24th, 1980

Thomas, Walter Babington "Sandy"* June 29th, 1918
October 22nd, 1917

more
Thompson, Forrest Harold* December 15th, 1917
March 21st, 1945

more
Thurston, Harry Clive Edgar* November 13th, 1919
1984

more
Tiernan, Patrick Edward Thomas* June 23rd, 1914
June 17th, 1944
Grave: 316

Tilly, Gerald* September 6th, 1897

more
Tirrell, Thomas Joseph "Jack"* October 1909
January 1995

more
Tolan, Leslie* January 30th, 1920

Tomlinson, Albert* June 5th, 1914
February 1985

more
Topham, Frederick George "Toppy"* August 10th, 1917
May 31st, 1974

more
Tovey, Lord of Langton Matravers, John Cronyn* March 7th, 1885
January 12th, 1971

more
Townsend, Peter Wooldridge* November 22nd, 1914
June 19th, 1995

more
Trigg, Lloyd Allan* May 5th, 1914
August 11th, 1943
Plot: 1 Grave: 12

more
Triquet, Paul* April 2nd, 1910
August 8th, 1980

more
Truscott, Keith William "Bluey"* May 17th, 1916
March 28th, 1943
Plot: H Row: A Grave: 12

more
Turnbull, John Hugh Stephenson* January 10th, 1916
June 26th, 2004

more
Turnbull, Tom Attwell* 1908
December 9th, 1992

more
Turner, Victor Buller* January 17th, 1900
August 7th, 1972

more
Turpin, Patrick George* April 27th, 1911
September 14th, 1996

more
Twamley, Reginald John* December 3rd, 1912
October 24th, 1973

Tyminski, Romuald* November 13th, 1905
December 29th, 2003

more
Tyrwhitt, Mary Joan Caroline* December 22nd, 1903
March 18th, 1997

Sources