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Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse

At the beginning of the Second World War, the Iron Cross 2nd Class was still highly regarded. In later war years however it was rewarded with much more ease. Still most recipients would wear the award with the same amount of proud ness. The Iron Cross 2nd Class was the first grade within the Iron Cross that was to be obtained for an individual act of bravery.

The official criteria were the individual and single act of bravery in the face of the enemy or actions that were above and beyond the normal call of duty. The approximately three million awarded crosses were obtained by German Military, Axis military and civilian uniformed organisations.

The cross measures 44 mm in diameter and hangs from a ribbon in the colours black white and red. The wide red band in the middle is being flanked by two equal white bands that both again are being flanked by a black band. During the whole war the production was retained with a high quality. On the front side one can find a Swastika and the year 1939, while the obverse contains the year 1813 on the lower arm.

Almost all World War Two crosses were made out of three parts, the Iron core and a silver rim on the front and backside. The two silver rims were welded together, holding the iron core. The core was produced from iron and was blackened. This core made the Iron Cross to be magnetized. Some examples are not magnetized because they were produced with brass or cupper. This version was especially welcome with members of the Kriegmarine. This core lasted longer in the exposure of salty sea water. The rim was supposed to be made from silver, but more common was the use of “German Silver”, a less expensive alloy of cupper, zinc and nickel. At the top a ring was welded to hold the loop for the ribbon. On the loop one can often find the manufacturers name although it is not uncommon that no name is placed. Therefore the absence of the manufacturers name is not a criterion to classify the cross as original or not.

The Iron Cross could be received in two different ways. The most exclusive way was in a leather box. More common was the bleu coloured envelop with in gothic letters the words “Eisernes Kreuz 2.Klasse”. The presentation was accompanied with a standard document. The receiving was also to be written down in the recipients “Soldbuch”or “Wehrpass”. The document normally didn’t contain the reason for obtaining the Cross, although in some occasions it was written down on the backside of the document.

It was not usual to wear the decoration it self. In stead a ribbon was worn on the left breast of hanging from the second button hole of the tunic in the way of the former Prussian Army.

In 1957 a special version of the cross was produced. On this the Swastika was replaced with an oak leaf. The way military actions of the Second World War could be honoured without the use of the forbidden Nazi-symbols. Most veterans however choose to wear the decoration as a ribbon only. Most 1957 versions are of a lesser quality than wartime examples.

Springer, Heinrich Adolf Leopold* November 3rd, 1914
† October 27th, 2007

Bidermann, Gottlob-Herbert (Gren.Reg.437)* August 28th, 1920
† September 1st, 2010

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Cance, Pierre28-06-190710-08-1988 
Canders, Werner25-03-191423-04-1993 
Canillas Hernandez-Helena, José   
Canstein, Freiherr von, Raban15-08-190631-12-2005 
Canstein, Freiherr von, Ulrich Maria (GR 220)16-06-190610-08-1991more 
Canstein, von, Harald   
Cantacuzino, Constantin11-11-190526-05-1958 
Cantzler, Georg25-07-1920  
Capito, Albert08-03-191422-04-1945 
Cappel, Wilhelm08-10-190619-07-1944more 
Capraro, Franz   
Carda, Alfons19-07-192600-00-2011 
Carganico, Horst27-10-191727-05-1944 
Carius, Otto27-05-192224-01-2015more 
Carl, Erich18-07-192031-08-1991more 
Carl, Friedrich Eduard Matthias24-09-191605-12-2013 
Carls, Gerhard   
Carlsburg, von, Bodo   
Carpaneto, Alfredo04-01-191526-01-1945 
Cartaud, Georges00-00-1899  
Cassebaum, Willi (Inf.Reg. mot.120)17-03-191403-09-1941 
Catlos, Ferdinand07-10-189516-12-1972more 
Causemann, Albert18-03-1914 more 
Causemann, x   
Cech, Franz08-01-1920  
Ceglarek, Karl  more 
Celerin, Albert15-07-192131-12-1997more 
Ceuern, von, Rohna   
Chapy, Abel (SS Freiw. Sturmbrigade 'Frankreich')01-07-192029-07-1989 
Chardon, Ferdinand26-10-1919  
Charpentier, von, Hans-Georg (SS-Reiter-Reg. 1)16-07-190211-02-1945more 
Chaux, de la, Bruno   
Chavent, Jacques00-00-192000-00-1968 
Chelius, von, Gottfried   
Chevallerie, von der, x   
Cheveau, Henri02-08-1907  
Chilla, Friedrich   
Chiocca, Alfred   
Chodura, Heinrich 00-00-1944 
Christ, Gustav03-04-191220-07-1944 
Christ, Josef   
Christ, Torsten03-02-190613-04-1967 
Christ, Wilhelm   
Christan, Josef27-09-1920  
Christen, Fritz29-06-192123-09-1995 
Christian, Arthur04-08-1922  
Christiansen, Georg21-10-191414-06-1997more 
Christl, Georg03-10-191331-03-1991 
Christlhuber, Engelbert15-08-192117-11-1944 
Christmann, Karl16-06-191205-11-1944 
Christof, Ernst11-11-190730-07-1943 
Christofzik, Kurt17-03-191004-05-1976 
Christoph, Robert18-11-191013-01-1945 
Christophel, Bernd   
Christophersen, Erwin13-04-191504-05-1945 
Christopherson, Egon08-02-191915-01-1988 
Chrzonsz, Günter15-10-191431-10-2003 
Cibej, Walter   
Cierpka, Walter03-11-191208-05-1993 
Cipa, Oskar07-02-191213-01-1987 
Cirener, Wilhelm "Willi"19-03-191301-05-1941 
Cirpka, Otto (Lehrgeschwader 1)03-06-1918 more 
Ciupka, Stephan24-12-191631-10-1943 
Claas, Martin18-09-1921  
Claas, Otto16-11-1919  
Claasen, Karl02-07-1903 more 
Claass, Kurt   
Claassen, Theo24-05-192207-09-1986 
Clade, Emil Josef26-02-191621-04-2010 
Clare, Helmut16-05-1914  
Class, Erwin08-01-192217-09-1944 
Claus, Georg  more 
Clausen, Erwin05-08-191104-10-1943 
Clausen, Heinz-Ehlert12-07-190924-03-1987 
Clausen, Karl09-10-1916  
Clausen, Karl-Ulrich14-02-191905-01-1945 
Clausen, Nicolai02-06-191116-05-1943 
Clausius, Claus19-08-1919  
Claussen, Siegfried   
Clemen, Martin28-03-1918  
Clemens, Johannes21-05-191115-07-1944 
Clemente, Adolf13-07-1910 more 
Clemente, Ernst27-04-192219-01-1991 
Clemm von Hohenberg, Dieter-Hans27-09-191530-06-1944 
Cleve, Rudolf22-07-191930-10-1997 
Cleve, Werner   
Clobes, Heinrich19-09-191920-11-1989 
Clüver, Hans14-04-190717-09-1979 
Coblenz, Manfred   
Cochenhausen, von, Ernst18-07-191002-05-1957 
Cohausz, Hans30-11-1907  
Cohnen, Gerhard   
Cohrs, Erwin19-02-191627-02-1994more 
Cojocaru, Nicolae00-00-191906-02-1943 
Colbow, Rudolf   
Colemonts, Georges27-07-192304-05-1984 
Collani, Hans13-12-190829-07-1944 
Collani, von, Ingo (218. Inf.Div.)24-09-190014-12-1969more 
Collin, Ernst04-11-1907  
Colsmann, Walter01-09-1915  
Condné, Johann09-01-191920-10-2001more 
Conen, Karl26-10-1913  
Conrad, Günther16-08-191510-08-1947more 
Conrad, Helmut   
Conrad, Hermann Friedrich Wilhelm21-09-191306-10-1942more 
Conrads, Heinrich   
Conrady, Alexander16-07-190321-12-1983more 
Consbruch, von, Hans-Georg04-04-190606-03-1944 
Coracino, Klaus08-03-191012-07-1994more 
Cordes, Ernst26-06-191307-04-1945 
Cordes, Walter23-06-1906  
Cordes, Wilhelm Paul03-06-1908  
Cordsmeier, Paul23-11-1914  
Cordt, Eberhard20-06-191527-04-1945more 
Cornand, Günther   
Cornelsen, Walter21-08-1916  
Correus, Georg   
Correus, Heinz   
Corrodi, Johann Eugen "von Elfenau"18-08-189719-02-1980 
Corsepius, Eberhard15-04-191301-12-1941 
Corßen, Günter06-02-191616-08-1990more 
Cossard, Jean00-00-192226-04-1945 
Cossel, von, Johann-Dettleff (Hans-Detloff)01-07-191622-07-1943more 
Coudres, des, Hans-Peter Dr. Jur.27-09-190508-01-1977more 
Coufal, x   
Coutre, le, Georg13-09-192108-01-2009more 
Cramer, Hans Harald10-11-191824-11-1944 
Cramm, Freiherr von, Wilhelm-Ernst30-09-191729-05-1996 
Crantz, Friedrich31-07-190622-08-1944 
Cremer, Bruno11-06-191916-03-1944more 
Cremer, Herbert   
Cremer, Peter-Erich "Ali"25-03-191105-07-1992 
Creuzburg, Wolfgang   
Creuznacher, Kurt28-03-190526-10-1942 
Criegern, von, Friedrich Bruno Walther "Walther"07-06-190723-01-1945 
Crinis, de, Maximinus Friedrich Alexander "Max"29-05-188802-05-1945 
Crinius, Wilhelm01-12-192026-04-1997more 
Crusius, Heinz03-05-191631-03-1942 
Crüger, Arved25-06-191122-03-1942more 
Crysandt, Kurt   
Cuda, Georg   
Curnier, Henri   
Cuypers, Johannes "Joop"01-08-1920  
Cüsow, Horst-Werner19-08-192220-12-1943 
Czaplinski, Herbert   
Czech, Alfred12-10-193214-06-2011 
Czech, Josef26-11-1899 more 
Czeczatka, Erich04-02-192006-04-1944 
Czekay, Richard (Stuka-Geschwader 2 'Immelmann')26-03-191624-04-2009more 
Czernik, Gerhard12-01-191320-10-1941more 
Czerny, Josef   
Czettritz und Neuhaus, von, Eckehard   
Czirz, Johann24-05-192027-01-1945 
Czublinski, Bruno03-04-192118-04-1977 
Czwalina, Gottfried   
Cämmerer, Heinrich   
Cörlin, Friedrich-Wilhelm