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Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse

At the beginning of the Second World War, the Iron Cross 2nd Class was still highly regarded. In later war years however it was rewarded with much more ease. Still most recipients would wear the award with the same amount of proud ness. The Iron Cross 2nd Class was the first grade within the Iron Cross that was to be obtained for an individual act of bravery.

The official criteria were the individual and single act of bravery in the face of the enemy or actions that were above and beyond the normal call of duty. The approximately three million awarded crosses were obtained by German Military, Axis military and civilian uniformed organisations.

The cross measures 44 mm in diameter and hangs from a ribbon in the colours black white and red. The wide red band in the middle is being flanked by two equal white bands that both again are being flanked by a black band. During the whole war the production was retained with a high quality. On the front side one can find a Swastika and the year 1939, while the obverse contains the year 1813 on the lower arm.

Almost all World War Two crosses were made out of three parts, the Iron core and a silver rim on the front and backside. The two silver rims were welded together, holding the iron core. The core was produced from iron and was blackened. This core made the Iron Cross to be magnetized. Some examples are not magnetized because they were produced with brass or cupper. This version was especially welcome with members of the Kriegmarine. This core lasted longer in the exposure of salty sea water. The rim was supposed to be made from silver, but more common was the use of “German Silver”, a less expensive alloy of cupper, zinc and nickel. At the top a ring was welded to hold the loop for the ribbon. On the loop one can often find the manufacturers name although it is not uncommon that no name is placed. Therefore the absence of the manufacturers name is not a criterion to classify the cross as original or not.

The Iron Cross could be received in two different ways. The most exclusive way was in a leather box. More common was the bleu coloured envelop with in gothic letters the words “Eisernes Kreuz 2.Klasse”. The presentation was accompanied with a standard document. The receiving was also to be written down in the recipients “Soldbuch”or “Wehrpass”. The document normally didn’t contain the reason for obtaining the Cross, although in some occasions it was written down on the backside of the document.

It was not usual to wear the decoration it self. In stead a ribbon was worn on the left breast of hanging from the second button hole of the tunic in the way of the former Prussian Army.

In 1957 a special version of the cross was produced. On this the Swastika was replaced with an oak leaf. The way military actions of the Second World War could be honoured without the use of the forbidden Nazi-symbols. Most veterans however choose to wear the decoration as a ribbon only. Most 1957 versions are of a lesser quality than wartime examples.

Springer, Heinrich Adolf Leopold* November 3rd, 1914
† October 27th, 2007

Bidermann, Gottlob-Herbert (Gren.Reg.437)* August 28th, 1920
† September 1st, 2010

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Naacke, Günter   
Naas, Werner   
Nabben, Bernhardt29-05-1917  
Naber, Josef 'Sepp' (SS-Pz.-Jäg.-Abt. 'Das Reich')06-10-191600-05-1992more 
Nacke, Heinz22-12-190916-09-1984 
Naderwitz, Kurt28-03-191615-06-1999 
Nadolski, Werner (Flak-Regiment 61)02-10-190808-11-1982more 
Naegele, Hans   
Naether, Reinhard05-01-1914  
Nagel zu Aichberg, von, Konrad06-09-191209-08-1944 
Nagel, Helmut (WH-Gren.Rgt. 163)30-04-1914  
Nagengast, Georg03-03-190904-07-1944 
Nagl, Sepp23-01-191911-11-1943 
Nagler, Gerhard   
Nahrgang, Ernst22-08-1919  
Najock, Karl-Heinz29-02-191624-05-1967 
Nanko, Karl   
Nanz, Günter19-05-1917 more 
Narjes, Anton03-10-190521-11-1975 
Narten, Heinrich   
Nasarski, Emil   
Naseband, Werner08-01-191629-08-1997more 
Nass, Walter29-05-191006-10-1982more 
Natzmer, von, Oldwig Otto29-06-190401-04-1980 
Nau, Herbert08-04-191328-08-1944 
Nauck, Hans03-10-1922  
Naue, Kurt17-01-191628-04-1944 
Nauerz, Arnulf   
Naujocks, Alfred Helmut20-09-191104-04-1966 
Naujoks, Fritz18-05-1908 more 
Naumann, Erich29-04-190507-06-1951 
Naumann, Hansjörg08-01-191813-10-1943 
Naumann, Horst23-12-192127-11-2000more 
Naumann, Johannes11-10-191722-03-2010 
Naumann, Walter (11. Armee)   
Nauroth, Hermann   
Nautsch, Willi   
Naßhan, Rupprecht19-12-191404-08-1943 
Nebe, Otto-Henning   
Nebe, Werner03-03-190412-07-1944 
Nebel, Peter19-10-191418-06-1994more 
Nechansky, Leonhard11-07-191314-12-1942 
Nechutnys, Klaus18-05-1918  
Necker, von, Hans-Horst28-08-190327-02-1979 
Nedden, Hans-Günther17-07-191328-04-1945 
Neide, Kurt08-07-191622-09-1980 
Neidhöfer, Hans28-09-191107-11-1974 
Neigl, Ludwig05-08-192123-09-2003more 
Neitzel, Walter09-05-191302-09-1944more 
Nelke, Herbert20-03-191530-01-1941 
Nelles, Heinrich14-04-191417-02-1997 
Nemecek, Ludwig24-08-191613-04-1943 
Nemitz, Willi01-11-191011-04-1943 
Nemnich, Gerhart10-11-191215-03-1945more 
Nennstiel, Wilhelm   
Nenonen, Vilho Petter06-03-188317-02-1960 
Neppl, Reinhold   
Nessmann, Willi17-11-1915  
Neste, Helmut   
Nestle, Karl07-03-191530-07-1943 
Netter, Walter05-12-191922-05-1943 
Nettmann, Heinrich   
Neu, Kurt28-02-192107-04-1945 
Neu, Raimund   
Neubauer, Alois17-12-192323-10-1943 
Neubauer, Franz (Infanterie-Regiment 35 mot.)   
Neubauer, Fritz (Artillerie-Abteilung 423)   
Neubauer, Johann (Artillerie-Regiment 156)   
Neubauer, Johann (Grenadier-Regiment 130)   
Neubauer, Josef (Grenadier-Regiment 976)   
Neubauer, Kurt (Heeres-Flak-Art.Abt.296)   
Neubeck, Günther   
Neuber, Helmut   
Neubert, Frank28-09-191513-12-2003more 
Neubert, Rudolf08-09-191419-04-1995more 
Neubert, Rudolf (WH-Füs.Rgt. 34)   
Neubrandt, Rudolf23-09-191911-10-1941 
Neudorfer, Karl18-06-192118-12-1944 
Neuendorff, Heinzeberhard   
Neuer, Herbert (Infanterie-Regiment 124)14-01-191802-05-1942 
Neuerburg, Hermann07-12-1917  
Neufeld, Ernst29-03-191505-10-2010 
Neugebauer, Clemens (Grenadier-Regiment 30)   
Neugebauer, Franz (Jäger-Regiment 49)   
Neugebauer, Josef (Infanterie-Regiment 87 mot.)04-03-191001-04-1942 
Neugebauer, Richard (Aufklärungsgruppe 32)   
Neugebauer, Robert (Transportgeschwader 1)   
Neugebauer, Walter (Art.Rgt.12)   
Neugebauer, Walter (Aufklärungsgruppe 22)   
Neugebauer, Walter14-03-192211-07-1999 
Neuhaus, Johann  more 
Neuhaus, Wilhelm   
Neuhierl, Josef08-05-192325-03-1945 
Neuhoff, Hermann11-04-191817-01-2006 
Neuhoff, Karl24-04-191525-12-2001more 
Neuhuber, Franz11-09-191903-07-1943 
Neuhäuser, Karl (KG 53 'Legion Condor')26-09-1910 more 
Neulinger, Martin 08-03-1943 
Neumaier, Josef 12-10-1943 
Neumair, Ludwig   
Neumann, Dr., Wilhelm   
Neumann,, Heinrich17-02-190819-05-2005more 
Neumann, Eggert30-12-191228-05-1970more 
Neumann, Ernst (Grenadier-Regiment 324)06-08-1914  
Neumann, Georg   
Neumann, Helmut (Panzer-Aufklärungs-Abteilung 24)29-07-1916  
Neumann, Horst   
Neumann, Joachim03-11-191617-10-2000more 
Neumann, Karl18-02-190805-05-1944 
Neumann, Klaus05-10-192310-12-2000 
Neumann, Werner13-05-190504-07-1970more 
Neumann, Ernst   
Neumann, Johannes16-04-191526-05-1957 
Neumann, Jürgen14-10-191519-07-1943 
Neumann-Cosel, von, Berthold   
Neumayr, Engelbert 30-11-1943 
Neumeier, Hans05-02-191725-04-1990 
Neumeister, Karl15-08-190302-10-1990more 
Neumerkel, Richard   
Neumerkel, Walter  more 
Neumeyer, Josef22-11-191530-09-1941 
Neumüller, Ernst08-12-192007-05-1999 
Neumüller, Franz   
Neumüller, Fritz14-03-192001-09-1944 
Neuner, Martin   
Neunhoeffer, Lothar27-03-191725-08-1973 
Neustadt, Alfred   
Neusüß, Walter04-07-191425-08-2009more 
Neveux, Jean02-08-191904-04-1998more 
Newerla, Bruno   
Neyenhuys, Heinrich Peter29-10-190721-07-1944 
Nibbe, Kurt17-02-191801-05-2005 
Nichter, Alfred00-00-1914  
Nickel, Alfred   
Nickel, Erwin28-09-1906  
Nickel, Fritz16-05-1920  
Nickel, Walter08-06-191910-03-1994 
Nickenig, Herbert   
Nickisch, Wilhelm  more 
Nicklaus, Heinz   
Niclaus, Hans   
Nicolai, Günther   
Nicolai, Otto Friedrich09-01-191123-02-1973 
Nicolussi-Leck, Karl14-03-191730-08-2008 
Niebuhr, Helmut   
Niedenführ, Fritz   
Niederbacher, Heinrich24-09-192008-01-1944more 
Niederegger, x   
Niederlein, Gottfried31-07-1915  
Niederländer, Horst01-04-190824-04-1944 
Niedermayr, Josef  more 
Niedermeier, Wilhelm12-09-191718-12-1941 
Niedieck, Werner   
Niedzwetzki, Hans07-04-191201-01-1945 
Niedzwitzki, Roman16-09-191931-07-1977 
Niegsch, Karl31-10-190604-07-1969 
Niehus, Walter07-04-1916  
Niehuus, Heinz26-04-191329-06-1989 
Niehörster, Hans   
Nielsen, Albert28-10-191406-07-1947 
Niemack, Horst10-03-190907-04-1992more 
Niemann, August22-04-191702-04-1945 
Niemann, Heinrich28-03-192116-06-1979 
Niemann, Johannes (Art.Rgt.131)26-09-1914 more 
Niemann, Walter   
Niemann, Willi13-04-191301-12-1944 
Niemeck, Gerhard10-06-191619-07-1983 
Niemeier, Ernst08-01-191922-10-1990 
Niemeyer, Heinrich (KM-U-boot)15-06-191001-11-1991more 
Niemeyer, Herbert   
Niemietz, Josef18-10-191313-03-2001more 
Niemöller, Albert (Artillerie-Regiment 65)   
Nienaber, Alfred (Stuka-Geschwader 2 'Immelmann')   
Niepold, Gerd25-05-191325-10-2007 
Nierle, Heinz24-05-191313-09-1944 
Nierle, Hubert   
Niermann, Karl   
Niesen, Stefan   
Niesmann, Karl   
Nietert, Georg24-08-190808-05-1978more 
Nietgen, Matthias14-04-191117-10-1944 
Nietsche, Heinrich06-03-190709-05-1945 
Nieuwendijk-Hoek, Cornelis Adriaan22-07-191906-09-2007 
Niewels, Walter12-01-191618-02-1942 
Nießen, Peter18-10-191309-06-1985 
Niggemeyer, Wilhelm09-05-191814-02-2008more 
Nikolaus, Arnold23-07-1913 more 
Nilatzny, Wilhelm   
Nill, Hans11-02-1915  
Nilsen, Arne   
Nilsen, Arne W.   
Nilshon, Hans25-11-191611-05-2001 
Nimtz, Kurt  more 
Nimz, Paul   
Nioduschewski, Fritz   
Nippa, Erhard07-02-192227-06-2003 
Nippgen, Oskar   
Nippraschke, Paul   
Niquet, Erwin   
Nitsch, Alfred12-04-191726-04-2000 
Nitsch, Hans-Joachim01-10-192228-08-2012 
Nitsch, Hermann13-09-192124-08-2012 
Nitsch, Martin18-11-191519-09-1944 
Nitsche, Heinz   
Nitsche, Otto   
Nittler, Robert08-03-192115-01-1943 
Nitzsche, Horst   
Nix, Helmut00-00-191400-00-1944 
Noack, Kurt  more 
Noack, Karl06-11-191105-01-1944 
Noak, Karl-Heinz30-07-191614-11-1978 
Nobis, Ernst18-10-190107-03-1963 
Nobis, Franz 08-02-1945 
Nocken, Johannes   
Noe, Alfred20-08-1903  
Noë, Friedrich "Fritz"09-03-191526-04-1944more 
Noehles, Wilhelm   
Noëll, Cornelius09-03-190908-07-1985 
Noerren, Willi   
Noeske, Hubertus24-11-1911 more 
Noftz, Walter   
Nogly, Franz   
Nohr, Karl25-01-192507-02-1974 
Noll, Heinz   
Noller, Wilhelm28-11-191926-12-2011more 
Nolte, Heinz26-01-1918  
Nolte, Herbert   
Nolte, Kurt09-09-189701-07-1981 
Nolte, Willi (WH-Grenadier-Regiment 58)   
Nolte, Walter28-12-191221-01-1990 
Nonn, Victor-Wilhelm02-04-1917  
Nordmann, Heinz02-10-1919  
Nordmann, Karl-Gottfried22-11-191522-07-1982 
Nordmann, Theodor18-12-191819-01-1945more 
Nordmeyer, Otto   
Nordt, Otto12-01-190225-07-1976 
Normann, Helmut26-09-191226-03-1945 
Norz, Jakob20-10-192016-09-1944 
Nosek, Wilhelm   
Nossek, Rainer05-05-192030-04-1945 
Nostitz, Graf von , Eberhard15-02-190600-00-1983 
Nottbeck, von, Jürgen20-04-191728-08-1967more 
Nottebaum, Rudolf (Grenadier-Regiment 184)   
Notter, Emil   
Notz, von, Friedrich-Wilhelm27-04-191526-01-1996 
Nowak, Joseph11-05-1910  
Nowak, Paul26-10-191907-10-1985 
Nowatschek, Karl   
Nowotnik, Heinz29-03-192031-05-1999 
Nowotnik, Karl06-12-191420-03-1996 
Nowotny, Walter07-12-192008-11-1944more 
Nowowieski, Gregor09-01-191423-10-1996 
Nuber, Eugen   
Nuckelt, Alfred24-11-191123-11-1974 
Nueske, Ernst-Wilhelm01-08-192019-06-1997 
Nugiseks, Harald22-10-192102-01-2014 
Nuhn, Heinrich02-01-191507-06-1998more 
Nussel, Paul30-04-191419-12-1969 
Nußbaumer, Benno (Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 141)   
Nürnbach, Helmut   
Nürnberger, Erich22-09-191912-03-1944more 
Nädele, Wilhelm21-04-190306-07-1944 
Näfe, Walter19-03-191923-03-1945 
Nähring, Alfred09-06-191015-02-1991more 
Nävie, Alwin   
Nöbel, Kurt15-02-191703-02-2000 
Nökel, Friedrich-Karl02-06-191717-10-1998more 
Nöllgen, Heinz13-04-1911  
Nöske, Johannes   
Nöske, Klaus26-11-191115-05-1978 
Nötzold, Gustav09-01-191321-12-2009