TracesOfWar needs your help! Every euro, pound or dollar you contribute greatly supports the continuation of this website. Go to and donate!

Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse

At the beginning of the Second World War, the Iron Cross 2nd Class was still highly regarded. In later war years however it was rewarded with much more ease. Still most recipients would wear the award with the same amount of proud ness. The Iron Cross 2nd Class was the first grade within the Iron Cross that was to be obtained for an individual act of bravery.

The official criteria were the individual and single act of bravery in the face of the enemy or actions that were above and beyond the normal call of duty. The approximately three million awarded crosses were obtained by German Military, Axis military and civilian uniformed organisations.

The cross measures 44 mm in diameter and hangs from a ribbon in the colours black white and red. The wide red band in the middle is being flanked by two equal white bands that both again are being flanked by a black band. During the whole war the production was retained with a high quality. On the front side one can find a Swastika and the year 1939, while the obverse contains the year 1813 on the lower arm.

Almost all World War Two crosses were made out of three parts, the Iron core and a silver rim on the front and backside. The two silver rims were welded together, holding the iron core. The core was produced from iron and was blackened. This core made the Iron Cross to be magnetized. Some examples are not magnetized because they were produced with brass or cupper. This version was especially welcome with members of the Kriegmarine. This core lasted longer in the exposure of salty sea water. The rim was supposed to be made from silver, but more common was the use of “German Silver”, a less expensive alloy of cupper, zinc and nickel. At the top a ring was welded to hold the loop for the ribbon. On the loop one can often find the manufacturers name although it is not uncommon that no name is placed. Therefore the absence of the manufacturers name is not a criterion to classify the cross as original or not.

The Iron Cross could be received in two different ways. The most exclusive way was in a leather box. More common was the bleu coloured envelop with in gothic letters the words “Eisernes Kreuz 2.Klasse”. The presentation was accompanied with a standard document. The receiving was also to be written down in the recipients “Soldbuch”or “Wehrpass”. The document normally didn’t contain the reason for obtaining the Cross, although in some occasions it was written down on the backside of the document.

It was not usual to wear the decoration it self. In stead a ribbon was worn on the left breast of hanging from the second button hole of the tunic in the way of the former Prussian Army.

In 1957 a special version of the cross was produced. On this the Swastika was replaced with an oak leaf. The way military actions of the Second World War could be honoured without the use of the forbidden Nazi-symbols. Most veterans however choose to wear the decoration as a ribbon only. Most 1957 versions are of a lesser quality than wartime examples.

Springer, Heinrich Adolf Leopold* November 3rd, 1914
† October 27th, 2007

Bidermann, Gottlob-Herbert (Gren.Reg.437)* August 28th, 1920
† September 1st, 2010

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Vack, Karl   
Vaerst, Georg27-07-1916 more 
Vagedes, Klaus   
Vahland, Georg  more 
Vahrenhorst, Karl-Heinz   
Valet, Hans-Joachim18-02-191803-12-1944more 
Valle, Hermann03-01-191013-02-1943 
Vandieken, Anton (SS-Kavallerie-Regiment 15)04-07-190929-10-2005more 
Vandieken, Otto (Transportgeschwader 3)28-10-190829-02-1944more 
Vastagh, György23-03-189610-10-1944 
Vaulot, Eugène01-06-192302-05-1945 
Vázquez Goldaraz, Camilo00-00-190900-00-1951 
Vaßen, Julius   
Vechtel, Bernhard31-07-192021-08-1975 
Veeser, Peter25-07-191510-04-1989 
Vegesack, von, Dieter 00-09-2006 
Vehlow, Karl Peter11-11-1913  
Vehse, Fritz23-04-192404-03-2018 
Veiss, Voldemars07-11-189916-04-1944more 
Veit, Ludwig   
Veith, Alfred25-04-191808-08-2008 
Veith, Hans-Joachim   
Veith, Johann27-07-191616-12-1944more 
Velde, Johann10-03-192116-03-1995more 
Veldkamp, Martin03-03-191319-12-1974 
Velte, Werner   
Velten, Otto29-04-1914  
Velten, Theodor27-05-192008-05-1990 
Veltheim, von, Heinrich Josias   
Veltheim, von, Hilmar   
Veltheim, von, Josias   
Venhoven, Heinrich   
Vennemann, Johann19-04-192003-07-1944 
Verheul, Karl 00-00-1944 
Verhoeven, Werner   
Verhülsdonk, Johann Gerhard   
Verlei, Rudolf27-10-1920 more 
Vernhold, Josef08-12-191512-11-1995 
Verton, Hendrik C.   
Vesenmayer, Dr.agrar., Hans11-10-191716-12-2004 
Vesper, Heinz   
Vette, Heinrich (Pz.Rgt. 11)07-08-191923-12-1944 
Vetter, Alfred24-05-192315-05-1984 
Vetter, Johann27-06-192404-06-1944 
Vetter, Martin (Kampfgeschwader 26)20-04-190525-09-1982 
Vetter, Martin (Kampfgeschwader 51)29-06-1918  
Vetter, Max03-05-192003-04-2005 
Vetter, Richard   
Vetter, Wilhelm   
Vetters, Gottfried   
Vicinius, Hermann23-04-190708-03-1971 
Vickendey, Willi25-01-192121-01-1955 
Vidal, Oskar19-07-192118-08-1943 
Viebranz, Herbert29-01-1914  
Viechter, Korbinian27-11-191412-02-2006more 
Viedebantt, Helmut23-12-191801-05-1945 
Viehmann, Wilhelm13-06-191625-02-1962 
Viehoff, Hans   
Vielhauer, Ernst10-05-190730-09-1943 
Vielhuber, Michael12-11-190904-08-1942 
Vielwerth, Wilhelm-August "Erich"10-02-191212-08-1997more 
Vierecker, Fritz22-10-191319-07-1982 
Vierkotten, Josef   
Vierna Trápaga, José 24-02-1976 
Viertel, Willi05-09-191131-08-1943 
Vierzig, Martin   
Vieten, Walter   
Vietinghoff genannt Scheel, Freiherr von, Wolff   
Vietsch, von, Bernhard17-10-1920  
Vieweger, Wolfgang14-09-1918 more 
Viezenz, Günther01-02-192114-01-1999more 
Villard, Jean00-00-1919  
Villinger, Heinrich17-01-191712-12-1944 
Vilzmann, Georg (SS-Pz.Gren.Rgt.4 'DF')15-07-192023-07-1997more 
Vilzmann, Rupert29-06-192214-01-1945more 
Vincon, Otto23-01-190613-04-1945more 
Vinke, Heinz22-05-192026-02-1944more 
Virkus, Gerhard27-07-191507-10-1970 
Vischer, Kurt21-03-192522-11-1981 
Vitali, Viktor03-04-192006-01-2012 
Vitt, Rudolf   
Vitzthum, Sebastian06-12-192219-07-1943 
Vobis, Alfred   
Vocke, Helmut26-01-191528-10-1943 
Vockensohn, Karl00-00-190800-00-1945 
Vockentanz, Hermann   
Vogel, Erich   
Vogel, Ewald18-11-1919  
Vogel, Ferdinand30-08-192123-05-1944 
Vogel, Franz   
Vogel, Horst06-11-191616-03-1944more 
Vogel, Karl   
Vogel, Ludwig   
Vogel, Walter (WH-Gren.Rgt. 6)14-02-190602-05-1997 
Vogel, Walter (WH-Inf.Rgt. 118)12-01-1915 more 
Vogel, Robert25-10-191831-01-1975more 
Vogelbacher, Benno05-05-191729-08-1941 
Vogelsang, Karl-Heinz   
Vogelsang, Friedrich (WH-Inf.Rgt. 78)   
Vogl, Andreas04-10-190628-03-1945 
Vogl, Franz16-06-191321-07-1944 
Vogl, Johann 28-08-1944 
Voglhuber, Franz11-12-191928-06-1944 
Vogt, Adolf31-08-191521-09-1992 
Vogt, Fritz07-03-191803-04-1945 
Vogt, Georg (Kradschützen-Bataillon 8)07-11-1914  
Vogt, Hermann   
Vogt, Emil09-01-191230-04-2007 
Vogt, Ludwig18-12-192130-04-2007 
Vogtlin, Hermann  more 
Vogts, Herbert30-05-191322-04-1943 
Vohburger, Hans (Infanterie-Regiment 19)11-02-191018-08-1942more 
Vohl, Heinz   
Voigt, Dieter03-02-1923 more 
Voigt, Gerhard   
Voigt, Hans17-08-1910 more 
Voigt, Karl (Aufklärungsgruppe 31)03-06-191001-01-1943more 
Voigt, Paul   
Voigt, Rudolf   
Voigt, Walter05-08-191413-02-1998more 
Voigt, Wilhelm13-04-1917 more 
Voigt, Hans-Günther09-04-192112-01-1944 
Voigtsberger, Heinrich Paul Hermann (Gren.Rgt.60)10-02-190317-03-1959more 
Volberts, x   
Volk, Joachim   
Volk, Kurt14-08-1919  
Volke, Herbert27-05-191429-07-1945 
Volke, Kurt04-01-192022-10-2012more 
Volker, Heinrich24-06-191116-01-1988more 
Volkmann, Georg   
Volkmann, Richard30-03-191112-04-1965more 
Volkmer, Hans13-08-1916 more 
Volkmeyer, Ernst   
Voll, Hermann18-01-191708-12-2008 
Voll, Johannes   
Vollard-Bockelberg, von, Helmut20-10-191129-03-1996 
Vollert, Max   
Vollmer, Günter15-05-191710-12-2004more 
Vollmer, Götz-Peter Wilhelm09-11-191519-12-1944 
Vollmer, Herbert-Peter29-10-191315-06-1945 
Vollmer, Rolf   
Vollmers, Helmut14-06-1911 more 
Vollnhals, Anton18-01-192016-08-1944 
Vollrath, Heinz   
Vollrath, Leonhard   
Volpert, Hans24-06-1922  
Vonhoff, Heinrich24-08-191901-10-1942 
Vonschott, Friedrich   
Voormann, Klaus21-01-191830-11-1942 
Voos, Rolf (Panzergrenadier-Regiment 4)08-10-1913  
Vopel, Hermann   
Vorbrugg, Oskar11-07-190221-05-1946more 
Vorderobermeier, Franz Xaver06-10-191901-09-1944 
Vorderwülbecke, Josef17-09-1911  
Vormdohre, Gustav27-11-1922  
Vormstein, Karl   
Vornholz, Werner   
Vorsteher, Karl-Heinz01-06-191611-06-1988more 
Voss, Friedrich Wilhelm03-06-1916 more 
Voss, Kurt   
Voss, Paul (Heer)   
Voss, von, Joachim   
Voss, Walter22-07-1920  
Voss, Willi   
Vossen, Herbert   
Voutta, Hans   
Voutta, Heinrich11-11-191701-04-1945 
Voß, Ernst03-11-189911-10-1943more 
Voß, Heinrich  more 
Voß, Herbert15-05-191105-07-1976 
Voß, Reimer20-03-192010-12-2015 
Vycichl, Heinrich   
Vögele, x   
Vögerl, Georg11-12-192025-10-2010more 
Vögtle, Helmut14-11-191730-06-2010 
Vöhringer, Wilhelm   
Völk, Hermann08-06-191610-08-1976 
Völkel, Helmut17-06-191426-10-1942 
Völkel, Josef00-00-191427-05-1941 
Völker, Gerhard06-06-190516-08-1972more 
Völker, Wendelin   
Völkl, Ludwig   
Völz, Herbert   
Völzer, Walter09-02-1917