Navy Cross

When the United States entered the First World War, the country had no other meritorious decoration than the Medal of Honor. It had no decoration to recognize heroic actions that could not apply for the Medal of Honor. To fill this gap, the US Army instituted the Distinguished Service Cross and the Distinguished Service Medal in 1918. The Navy and Marine Corps followed somewhat later.
On February 4th 1919, the Navy Cross was instituted by act of Congress as the third highest Naval decoration after the Navy Medal of Honor and the Navy Distinguished Service Medal.

This made the medal not very popular. Most servicemen regarded it as a minor decoration.
The Navy Cros was made retroactive till April 6th 1917. On August 7th 1942, the Congress upgraded the medal and placed it directly under the Medal of Honor. It then became a combat-only recognition.

The Navy Cross was designed by James Earl Fraser. Through the years it knew some differences. The medal itself has always been the same. It is a three part construction. The cross and the front and the back of the medallion are struck separately and soldered together. The earliest version (1919-1928) wears a ribbon with a very narrow white stripe on the blue cloth. The medal has mostly a dull, greenish bronze colour. The later issues (1928-1941) have a more custom .5" white stripe on the ribbon and are of a more darker, gunmetal bronze.
The cross is designed as a modified cross that measures 1,5 inches wide. The ends of the arms are rounded. On each re-entrant arms of the cross can be found a bunch of laurel leaves with berries to represent achievement. In the centre is depicted a sailing vessel on waves, sailing to the left. The ship is a so called Caravelle, symbolic for sailing ships of the 14th century.
The reverse bears crossed anchors of the pre-1850 period, with attached cables. In the mid can be found the letters USN.
The ribbon is in Navy Blue with a white stripe in the center, to represent the Navy service and the purity of selflessness.

The Navy Cross may be awarded to any person who, while serving with the Navy or Marine Corps, distinguishes himself in action by extraordinary heroism not justifying an award of the Medal of Honor. The action must take place under one of three circumstances: while engaged in action against an enemy of the United States; while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force; or, while serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict in which the United States is not a belligerent party. To earn a Navy Cross the act to be commended must be performed in the presence of great danger or at great personal risk and must be performed in such a manner as to render the individual highly conspicuous among others of equal grade, rate, experience, or position of responsibility. An accumulation of minor acts of heroism does not justify an award of the Navy Cross.

Replicas are almost without exception struck out of one piece instead of the original three piece construction. During the years 1941-1942 a variation was seen that was nicknamed “Black Widow” with a blackened finish of the medal. Most of these awards were awarded posthumously. From the mid of World War Two the more original dull bronze finish was once more adapted.

Abele, Mannert Lincoln* July 11th, 1903
† August 16th, 1942

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Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Dahms, Kenneth John   
Daigle, Alfred Joseph 25-07-1944 
Dale, John Russell   
Dalton, John J.   
Dalton, Roy Dale   
Dalwitz, Wilbet William   
Daly, Edward Carlyle   
Daly, John J.   
Daly, Joseph R.   
Danford, Cleo Stanley, Jr.   
Daniel, Hugh S.   
Daniel, John Cheshire   
Daniels, Jerry F., Jr.   
Darlilng, Willard D.   
Darroch, James W.   
Dartt, Clifford Ronald   
Dary, Byron Alfred   
Daspit, Lawrence Randall "Dan"18-10-190531-05-1979more 
Daugherty, James William   
Davenport, Roy M.   
David, Albert Leroy18-07-190217-09-1945 
Davidson, Carl R.   
Davidson, Ira   
Davidson, James Barrie   
Davis, Arthur Cayley   
Davis, Arthur V.   
Davis, Cecil B.   
Davis, Douglas Courtland   
Davis, Frank A.   
Davis, Frederick C.   
Davis, Glenn Benson   
Davis, Herschel Baker, Jr.   
Davis, Hugh Brunson   
Davis, James W.   
Davis, John Mack   
Davis, Judson C., Jr.15-05-192112-09-1990more 
Davis, Leland LaFroy25-03-191714-06-1942 
Davis, Leonard K.   
Davis, Milton Gilbert   
Davis, Raymond Gilbert "Ray"13-01-191503-09-2003 
Davis, Richard L.   
Davis, Richard Milton   
Davis, Samuel Adams   
Davis, William Edgar, III   
Davison, Thurlow Weed   
Dawley, Jack Baldwin   
Day, Barton Elred   
Day, Charles D.   
Dealey, Samuel David13-09-190624-08-1944more 
Dean, George Henry   
Dean, William Arthur, Jr.   
Decesaro, Alfred Michele   
Deckard, Delmer C.   
Deewall, Raymond Gregory   
DeGarmo, Edward E.   
Delalio, Armond H.   
Delia, Carmen   
DeLong, Edward Grover   
DeLong, Robert A.   
DeLong, Weldon F.   
DeMarco, Paul A.   
DeMatteis, Crescenzo P. 07-08-1942 
Deming, Wilbur Stone, Jr.   
DeMoss, Charles W.   
DeMott, Richard Warren   
Dempsey, James Charles   
Denbo, Robert Wayne   
Denham, Glenn W.   
Dennison, Harold L.   
Denniston, Radcliffe, Jr.   
Denton, Hugh V.   
Deputy, Marshal Pierce   
Derby, Jack Armstrong   
DeRouen, Conrad C.   
DeTar, John Leslie   
DeTemple, Carl Nicholas   
DeVane, John M., Jr.   
Devereux, James Patrick Sinnott20-09-190305-08-1988 
Dexter, James Campbell   
DeZayas, Hector   
Di Marco, Donald Domenic   
Dial, Nathaniel Minter   
Diamond, LeRoy   
Dibb, Robert A.M.   
Dickens, Onel W.   
Dickey, Charles H. H.   
Dickey, Robert L.   
Dickinson, Clarence E., Jr.   
Dickson, Harlan Rockey16-09-191405-02-1944 
DiCristofaro, Anthony   
Dierker, Stanley   
Dietrich, William F.   
Dillahunty, Roy F.   
Dillard, Chester Louis   
Dillard, William Paul   
Dillon, Edward J.   
Dimon, Emmett L. 00-11-1943 
Dishmon, Clarence J.   
Divine, Robert Allen   
Dixon, Harold Frederick   
Dixon, James H.   
Dixon, Robert Ellington   
Dobbin, John E.   
Dockery, James E.   
Dodd, Howard W.   
Dodson, Charles O., Jr.   
Doerr, David D.   
Doherty, Thomas C.   
Doiron, Camille J.   
Dolan, David O.   
Doll, Frederick, Jr.   
Donaho, Glynn R.   
Donahoe, Omer J.   
Donahue, Archie Glenn24-10-1917 more 
Donahue, Philip Augustine   
Donaldson, Trose E.   
Donnell, John Gerald   
Donnelly, James C.   
Dornin, Robert E.   
Dorroh, Jefferson David, Jr.   
Dorsogna, Edmund J.   
Dorton, Robert Storrs   
Doughty, Morris Russell   
Douglas Charles E.   
Douglass , George M. 00-00-2011 
Dowling, Arthur L.   
Dowling, Roy Benjamin   
Downes, Robert B.   
Downey, Ernest Willard   
Downing, Arthur L.   
Downs, Walter Middleworth   
Dowty, Norman Taylor   
Doyle, Austin Kelvin   
Doyle, Cecil J.   
Doyle, Frank Dock   
Doyle, John Remine   
Doyle, Joseph Anthony, Jr.   
Doyle, Robert William   
Dozark, Charles Leland   
Drago, Thomas R.   
Drake, Charles William   
Drake, John D. K.   
Dreis, Thomas George   
Dreyfuss, Richard J.   
Driskell, Joe R.   
Driver, Billy J.   
Dropp, Anthony Henry   
Drury, Frank C.   
Drury, Martin J.   
DuBose, Edwin Anthony   
DuBose, Laurance Toombs21-05-189311-07-1967more 
Duckett, Richard Baruch   
Duff, Carrol Wesley08-08-191911-12-1944 
Duffee, Raymond E.11-10-1920  
Dufilho, Marion William   
Duncan, George Chamberlain11-02-191715-12-1995 
Duncan, Jack Harlan   
Duncan, Rea Eugene   
Duncan, Robert E. L., Jr.   
Duncan, Robert Wayne   
Duncan, Theron Monroe   
Dungan, Fred Leroy   
Dunham, Edward H.   
Dunkum, Hugh Holladay, Jr.   
Dunlap, Ernest H., Jr.   
Dunn, Harry, Jr.   
Dunn, James, Jr.   
Dunn, John Clifford   
Dupree, Thomas E.   
Durand, Robert F.   
Durette, Robert Wallace   
Durfee, Charles R.   
Durian, Robert Ferguson   
Durio, Jack Numa   
Durkin, Thomas Charles   
Durna, Gordon Albert   
Dusch, Robert Adair26-08-1907  
Dusenbury, Julian D.   
Dutemple, Lynn Francis   
Dwornitski, Nicholas   
Dwyer, Carl R.   
Dye, Billy Hubert   
Dye, Eugene P.   
Dyer, Martin R., Jr. 01-07-1944 
Dykes, Thomas M.   
Dyson, Howell Jesse   

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