Navy Cross

When the United States entered the First World War, the country had no other meritorious decoration than the Medal of Honor. It had no decoration to recognize heroic actions that could not apply for the Medal of Honor. To fill this gap, the US Army instituted the Distinguished Service Cross and the Distinguished Service Medal in 1918. The Navy and Marine Corps followed somewhat later.
On February 4th 1919, the Navy Cross was instituted by act of Congress as the third highest Naval decoration after the Navy Medal of Honor and the Navy Distinguished Service Medal.

This made the medal not very popular. Most servicemen regarded it as a minor decoration.
The Navy Cros was made retroactive till April 6th 1917. On August 7th 1942, the Congress upgraded the medal and placed it directly under the Medal of Honor. It then became a combat-only recognition.

The Navy Cross was designed by James Earl Fraser. Through the years it knew some differences. The medal itself has always been the same. It is a three part construction. The cross and the front and the back of the medallion are struck separately and soldered together. The earliest version (1919-1928) wears a ribbon with a very narrow white stripe on the blue cloth. The medal has mostly a dull, greenish bronze colour. The later issues (1928-1941) have a more custom .5" white stripe on the ribbon and are of a more darker, gunmetal bronze.
The cross is designed as a modified cross that measures 1,5 inches wide. The ends of the arms are rounded. On each re-entrant arms of the cross can be found a bunch of laurel leaves with berries to represent achievement. In the centre is depicted a sailing vessel on waves, sailing to the left. The ship is a so called Caravelle, symbolic for sailing ships of the 14th century.
The reverse bears crossed anchors of the pre-1850 period, with attached cables. In the mid can be found the letters USN.
The ribbon is in Navy Blue with a white stripe in the center, to represent the Navy service and the purity of selflessness.

The Navy Cross may be awarded to any person who, while serving with the Navy or Marine Corps, distinguishes himself in action by extraordinary heroism not justifying an award of the Medal of Honor. The action must take place under one of three circumstances: while engaged in action against an enemy of the United States; while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force; or, while serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict in which the United States is not a belligerent party. To earn a Navy Cross the act to be commended must be performed in the presence of great danger or at great personal risk and must be performed in such a manner as to render the individual highly conspicuous among others of equal grade, rate, experience, or position of responsibility. An accumulation of minor acts of heroism does not justify an award of the Navy Cross.

Replicas are almost without exception struck out of one piece instead of the original three piece construction. During the years 1941-1942 a variation was seen that was nicknamed “Black Widow” with a blackened finish of the medal. Most of these awards were awarded posthumously. From the mid of World War Two the more original dull bronze finish was once more adapted.

Abele, Mannert Lincoln* July 11th, 1903
† August 16th, 1942

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Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Fabian, Louis M.   
Fagan, Francis L.   
Fagan, Richard   
Faires, Carl F., Jr.   
Fajardo, Theodore C.   
Falgout, George Irvin28-10-192212-11-1942 
Fallgatter, Robert Charles03-01-191802-05-2005 
Faltyn, Hubert J.   
Farine, Henry P.   
Farler, Charles D.   
Farley, John William   
Farmer, Charles D.   
Farmer, William L.   
Farncomb, Harald Bruce28-02-189912-02-1971more 
Farrell, William   
Farrington, Robert F.   
Fash, Robert Paul   
Faulkingham, James Alton   
Faulkner, Clark Woods   
Faulkner, Frederic L.   
Faulkner, James C.O.   
Fava, William   
Fay, Leo Daniel   
Fayle, Eddy L.   
Fecke, Alfred John   
Fedorak, Michael P.   
Feeney, Joseph   
Felliner, Irving Stanislaus   
Fellows, John Benjamin, Jr.   
Felt, Harry D.   
Fenno, Frank Wesley, Jr.11-09-190216-09-1973 
Fenton, Charles R.   
Ferguson, Earl W.   
Ferguson, George Edward   
Ferguson, John N., Jr.   
Ferrall, William E.   
Ferriter, Charles Arthur   
Ferry, Francis R.   
Fessler, Isadore   
Fiala, Reid Purvear   
Fieberling, Langdon K.   
Fieguth, Walter00-00-1913  
Filip, Robert C.   
Finley, Robert Marion   
Finrow, John Henry01-10-192026-10-1944 
Fisanovich, Izrail Ilyich23-11-191419-09-1944 
Fischer, Byron Earl   
Fisher, Charles Elton   
Fisher, Clayton Evan14-01-1919  
Fisher, Ellis Jay   
Fisher, Walter Lester   
Fisler, Frank Moore   
Fitts, William Wilson   
Fitz, Harold Carlton   
Fitzgerald, John A.   
Fitzgerald, Phillip Henry   
Flatley, James H., Jr.   
Flebbe, Walter Edward   
Fleming Patrick Dawson   
Fleming, Patrick Dawson17-01-191816-02-1956more 
Fleming, William McKinley20-01-190710-01-1944more 
Fleming, William Sloan28-03-1916  
Fletcher, Charles Benford   
Fletcher, Frank Jack29-04-188525-04-1973more 
Fletcher, Willard Merle   
Floss, Richard S.   
Fluckey, Eugene Bennett "Gene"05-10-191328-06-2007more 
Fluitt, Clifford L.V.   
Flynn, Arthur C.   
Flynt, Lloyd Clayton   
Foley, Francis J.   
Foley, Robert J.   
Folsom, John G.   
Foltz, Franklin E.   
Fontaine, Walter   
Fontana, Paul J.   
Fonville, Amon   
Foote, Hairlan Wayne   
Foote, John Storrs   
Forbus, Raymond H.   
Ford, George Edward   
Fordyce, Ralph William   
Foreman, Andrew L.   
Forger, Frederick D.   
Forrer, Samuel White   
Forsyth, John F.   
Forsythe, Abe, Jr.   
Forsythe, Harold P.   
Forsythe, Richard Monreoe   
Fort, George Hudson   
Foster, Carl Clifford   
Foster, Ratherly, III   
Fournier, Joseph A. L. 19-09-1944 
Fowler, Richard Edward, Jr.   
Fowler, Richard Labitt   
Fowler, Robert L., III   
Fox, Douglas H.   
Fox, Frank Alstrup   
Fox, George William   
Fox, Myles C.   
Francis, Forrest Franklin, Jr.   
Francovich, Albert Anthony   
Frank, Alan Stetson   
Frank, Paul Asher   
Frank, Robert L.   
Frankel, Leon   
Franklin, William O.   
Fransko, Robert   
Franzen, Eric Thorgne   
Fraser, Thomas Edward   
Frazier, Kenneth D.   
Frederick, Eugene J., Jr.   
Fredrickson, Harry A.   
Freeman, James Shepherd30-04-1900  
Freeman, William Reynolds   
Freet, Donald E.23-10-192000-02-2010 
Freligh, Robert   
French, Lawrence Clark   
French, Nelson Theo25-07-191809-10-1942 
Freuler, Herbert Caspar29-07-190705-03-1983 
Fricks, Hugh D.   
Friesz, Robert P.   
Frisbie, Julian N.   
Fry, Leslie James   
Frybarger, Raymond, Jr.   
Fuelling, James Louis   
Fufidio, Walter J.   
Fulghum, Philip LeRoy   
Fuller, Jack Carl03-04-192107-04-1945 
Fuller, Robert Green   
Fulton, Robert Donald   
Funk, Harold Nathan   
Furer, Albert Brely   
Furney, Maynard Melvon   
Fusselman, Raymond D.   
Fyfe, John K.