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Defence Medal 1939-1945

The Defence Medal was awarded for service in the forces in non-operational areas subjected to air attack or closey threatened for at least three years service in Great Britain until 8th May 1945 or one year in territories overseas until 2 September 1945. In the case of mine and bomb disposal units the time qualification was three months and Canadians serving for one year in Newfoundland were eligible and persons serving for six months in Hong Kong were also eligible. Service in West Africa, Palestine and India, other than operational air crew, qualified also for this award. Those awarded the George Cross or the George Medal for civil defence received this award and the Home Guard also qualified for this award.

Owing to the terms of reference it was not unusual to find a person with this award who had never heard a shot fired, but a person with only the Defence Medal, for example, whilst serving in the rescue services in London earned also this award and only the man who wears this award knows why it was earned.

The award has the coinage head of King George VI on the obverse. The reverse shows the Royal Crown resting above a small oak tree and flanked by two heraldic lions. The dates 1939 and 1945 appear in the top left and right respectively on the reverse, whilst beneath are the words THE DEFENCE MEDAL. The Medal is made of a Cupro-Nickel combination. The Canadian versions however, were made of ".800 fine" silver.

The light green ribbon is 1.25 inches wide with a central stripe of orange, which is 0.5 inches wide, and a narrow black stripe in the middle of each green stripe. The orange (flame colour) represents the enemy attacks on the green land of England and the black stripes represents the black-outs.

Adair, Hugh* August 24th, 1923
† October 27th, 2013

Grid List
Abel-Smith, Henry* March 8th, 1900
† January 24th, 1993

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Adair, Allan Henry Shafto* November 3rd, 1897
† August 4th, 1988

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Adair, Hugh* August 24th, 1923
† October 27th, 2013

Adams, Ronald George Hinings* December 31st, 1896
† March 28th, 1979

Aduckiewicz, Marian* August 2nd, 1917
† November 21st, 2005

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Aertsen, Servaas Klaas* January 26th, 1922

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Alcock, John "Jack"* 1918
† 1997

Allen, Frederick Fernley Edmund* December 12th, 1912
† June 29th, 2005

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Allen, Robert Swinton* July 24th, 1914
† 1982

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Ambrus, Jan Rozkazom* May 19th, 1899
† January 21st, 1994

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Amerasekera, Ekanayake Edward Rohan* May 21st, 1916
† March 20th, 1974

Anders, Wladyslaw Albert* August 11th, 1892
† May 12th, 1970

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Anderson, Eric* September 15th, 1915
† April 6th, 1943
Plot: II Row: C Grave: 14

Anderson, Hugh Henry* February 27th, 1921
† April 11th, 1945
Plot: 10 Row: G Grave: 5

Anderson, Jim† February 7th, 2019

Anderson, Robert Thomas* December 30th, 1919
† October 5th, 2001

Anderson, William Maurice Eyre "Bill"* August 31st, 1908
† December 13th, 1986

Andersz, Tadeusz* October 27th, 1918
† October 29th, 2007

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Andrewartha, Charles Donald "Andy"* April 15th, 1916
† September 6th, 1973

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Andrews, Wallace Launcelot* March 13th, 1908
† July 30th, 1944
Grave: 2/4242

Annand, Richard Wallace* November 5th, 1914
† December 24th, 2004

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Antonowicz Andrault de Buy, Graf ,Mikolaj* January 15th, 1915
† April 3rd, 2000

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Appleford, Joseph Ernest* January 11th, 1917

Archer, Bertram Stuart Trevelyan* February 3rd, 1915
† May 2nd, 2015

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Ardagh, Patrick Augustine* August 30th, 1891
† April 6th, 1944
Plot: 8 Row: A Grave: 15

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Arkel, van, Jan* August 27th, 1919
† February 23rd, 2011

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Armitage, Robert Selby* March 28th, 1910
† June 1st, 1982

Armstrong, Donald Richard Neville* July 19th, 1907
† 1967

Armstrong, Frederick Finlay* 1918
† November 4th, 1997

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Arnfield, Stanley John* October 3rd, 1913
† September 24th, 1954

Arthur, Wilfred Stanley* December 7th, 1919
† December 23rd, 2000

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Artymiuk, Kazimierz* August 28th, 1920
† March 13th, 1984

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Ashley, Austin Raymond* January 1st, 1918

Ashurst, Norman* November 24th, 1920

Ashworth, Arthur* May 3rd, 1920
† February 19th, 1994

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Atkins, Eric Granville* March 19th, 1921

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Sources