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Bronze Star Medal (BSM)

The Bronze Star Medal was officially instituted by Executive Order 9419 on February 4th, 1944. It was based on the idea of Colonel Russell P. "Red" Reeder in 1943. He had launched the thought that it was good for the morale of the military when there was a decoration that could be awarded by Captains of a Company or Battery to the personnel who served under their command. Colonel Reeder saw this medal as the ground version of the Air Medal and first introduced the name "Ground Medal". At first the decoration was to be instituted with the U.S. Navy to be given to ground and surface personnel for heroic or meritorious deeds. For unknown reasons the institution did not occur. The idea was picked up by General George C. Marshall who wrote a memorandum to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The president instituted the medal the very next day.

The decoration could be awarded to any military who, serving within or together with the army of the United States after 6th December 1941, decorating himself by heoric or meritorious deeds as military, not participating in air operations, during military operations against an armed enemy or during an armed conflict in which the United States was not participating as a beligirent. The decoration could be awarded for the discribed heroic actions, not sufficient to be awarded the Silver Star or for meritorious actions or meritorious acting of service, which did not qualify for the awarding of the Legion of Merit. In 1947 the possibilities for awarding were enlarged. From that moment on the medal could also be awarded to any member of the United States Army that were mentioned in orders after December 6th, 1941 or who had received a certificate for exceptional service in goundbattle against an armed enemy between December 7th, 1941 and September 2nd, 1945 or who’s merit could be proven by documents dated before July 1st, 1947. This made it possible to award the Bronze Star to any person who had received the Combat Infantryman Badge or the Combat Medical Badge.
The Bronze Star can also be obtained by veterans or next of kinn. Military that took part in the struggle on the Philippines between December 7th, 1941 and May,10th 1942 could receive the medal when the action took place on Luzon, the Bataan peninsula or the Harbour Defences on Corregidor Island and were entitled to the Philippine Presidential Unit Citation. Military who had received the Purple Heart during the early days of the Second World War specifically for merit and not for wounds could in some occasions also exchange the Purple Heart for the Bronze Star. To any foreign soldier that fought in close coöperation with the United States Army, the decoration could also be awarded.

The Bronze Star Medal was designed by Rudolf Freund of Bailey, Banks and Biddle who also designed the Silver Star. The decoration measures 1,5 inch (38 mm) over all. In the middle there can be found another bronze star with a diametre of 3/16 inch (4,8 mm). All radials in the centre of both stars continue in one each other. The back bears the inscription "HEROIC OR MERITIOUS ACHIEVEMENT" and a space to ingrave the recipients name.

The medal hangs on a ribbon with a square loop and rounded corners. The ribbon measures 1 3/8 inch (35 mm) wide. Left and right can be fond a 1/32 inch (1 mm) wide white line, followed to the inside by a scarlet 9/16 inch (14 mm) broad band. In the middel can be fond an ultramarine blue band measuring 1/8 inch (3 mm) flanked by two 1/32 inch (1 mm) lines.

Every next Bronze Star awarded was to be shown by a bronze oak leaf cluster (US Army, Air Corps and Air Force) or a golden star (US Navy, Marines and Coast Guard). At every fifth award, the bronze and golden were replaced by a a silver oak leaf cluster or silver star. A bronze "V" for "Valor" was awarded when the Bronze Star was received for heoism in battle, thus distincting the award from the Bronze Stars warded for merit. This "V" was introduced in 1945. The action it was to be awarded for had to be of significant value. Only one "V" was permitted to be worn on the ribbon.

Abrams, Creighton Williams, Jr.* September 15th, 1914
† September 4th, 1974

Adams, Lucian* October 26th, 1922
† March 31st, 2003
Plot: AI Grave: 555

Adler, Samuel L.† April 20th, 1945
Plot: F Row: 11 Grave: 26

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Radford, Harry T.   
Rafalski, Henry J.29-07-192112-02-1945 
Ragan, Michael S. 17-08-1949 
Ragsdale, Vernon R.   
Raider, Wandel L. (US Army)06-12-191802-11-1999 
Rajotte, Edwin J.   
Ramage, Lawson Paterson "Red"19-01-192015-04-1990more 
Ramey, Elwood12-04-1920  
Ramirez, Richard R.   
Ramon, Rafael G. Jr.   
Ramsey, Garfield A.   
Ramsey, Robert L.   
Randleman, Denver "Bull"20-11-192026-06-2003more 
Raney, John D.   
Rankin, James B.   
Ranney, Myron N. "Mike"21-11-192223-09-1988 
Rasmussen, John E.   
Ray, Horace D., Jr.   
Ray, James W. 01-09-1944 
Ray, Judson W.   
Ray, Leonard I.20-03-192113-12-1991 
Rayser, Joseph   
Ready, John P. 08-06-1944 
Reagan, Bruce W.   
Reaser, Joseph C. "Indian Joe"   
Redle, David D.17-07-191807-01-2015 
Redmond, George H.   
Reed, Clarence H. 03-03-1945 
Reed, James C.   
Reed, Peter D.   
Reed, Ronald H.05-06-192513-03-1980more 
Reed, William P.   
Reeder, Russell Potter, Jr. "Red"04-03-190222-02-1998 
Reeves, Bert   
Reeves, George Asa Jr.08-01-191510-05-2005 
Reeves, Marvin Clayton03-12-191328-09-1996 
Reeves, Noah C. 06-12-1944 
Reichelt, Eugene Douglas "Gene"02-04-192528-06-2003 
Reid, Ernest Leroy13-04-192018-09-2015more 
Reid, George N.   
Reid, J. L.   
Reinboldt, Earl Wright26-09-192311-01-1969 
Reischel, Eldephons C.   
Reishus, Lyle E.   
Renken, Henry Algernon28-02-190820-07-1986more 
Rethemeyer, Robert13-11-191403-01-1945 
Retort, Patsy   
Reviere, Abbie   
Rewucki, Stephen J.   
Reynolds, Vance A.   
Reynolds, William R.00-00-1917  
Rhodes, Carl R.   
Rhodes, Herman L.   
Rhodes, Homer C.   
Ribeiro, Americo D. C.    
Rice, Alvaren Daunzel28-12-192326-09-1944 
Rice, Everett L.   
Rice, John K.16-05-1896  
Rich, John A.   
Richards, Edward   
Richardson, Arthur Tait   
Richardson, Clarence W.   
Richardson, Clark M.   
Richardson, Fayette O. "Rich"20-04-192326-03-2010 
Richardson, Francis E.   
Richman, Marvin   
Richter, Arthur F.   
Rickerson, Jesse B. "Ricky"   
Rickerson, Roy Kirby19-11-1918  
Rider, Richard E. (US Army)29-05-191412-02-2004 
Rieger, William J. (Sr.) 15-12-2006 
Riggs, Woodrow W.   
Rindskopf, Maurice Herbert "Mike"27-09-191727-07-2011more 
Risnes, Marvin L.08-04-192213-12-1993 
Rivers, Furney M.   
Rixon, Charles R.   
Roach, John A.   
Roach, Thomas P.18-06-192016-07-2015more 
Roark, Tilden H. "Cowboy" 18-02-1944 
Robb, Quentin W. H.   
Robbins, Berton Aldrich, Jr.27-08-190804-12-1983more 
Robel, Vincent D. 25-02-1945 
Roberts, Frederick M.   
Roberts, Hugh O.   
Roberts, William A. 27-11-2016 
Robertson, James T. 03-09-1992 
Robertson, Olon G.   
Robertson, Walter Melville15-06-188822-11-1954 
Robertson, William D.   
Robinett, Clarence I. "Bud" 18-04-1945 
Robinson, Harry L. 17-10-1944 
Robinson, James L.   
Robinson, John N.   
Robinson, Kenneth E.   
Robinson, William H.   
Roderick, Arthur David  more 
Rodes, Peter P.   
Rodgers, Edson R.17-06-1917  
Rodgers, Thomas Lloyd05-04-192115-06-1944 
Roe, Eugene Gilbert "Doc"17-10-192230-12-1998more 
Roecker, Frederick Charles, Jr.11-07-191902-07-1996 
Rogers, Arthur H.   
Rogner, Walter C.    
Rohm, Lawrence   
Rohmiller, Elmer C.   
Romagni, Emedio00-00-1916  
Romberger, William Melvin (US Navy)16-05-191616-04-2001more 
Romblad, Chester 20-06-2011 
Rominski, Robert J.   
Root, William A., II 04-04-1945 
Rose, Maurice B.26-11-189930-03-1945more 
Rose, Norman M.   
Roseland, Clarence E. 06-10-1944 
Rosenbalm, Verna Francis   
Rosenberg, Jack 21-02-1977 
Rosenthal, Edwin M.   
Rosick, Michael   
Ross, Bayer Nonen05-11-1917  
Ross, Elton C.   
Ross, Milton E.   
Ross, Otto H.   
Rossman, John William   
Rostain, Oliver Emile08-11-192216-02-2008 
Rothgeb, Clarence Everett16-10-189811-09-1969 
Rothmeier, William E.   
Rothschild, Nathaniel Mayer Victor, 3rd Baron31-10-191020-03-1990 
Rothseid, Maurice   
Roti, Robert W.    
Roussy de Sales, de, Francois R.   
Rowan, John V., Jr.   
Rowden, Joseph   
Rowland, John   
Rox, Harry Franklin   
Royer, Samuel F.   
Rozenkrantz, David “Rosie”31-10-191627-09-1944more 
Rozycki, Carl   
Rubin, Morris   
Rubin, Paul   
Rubottom, Donald C.   
Ruby, Earl J.   
Rudder, James Earl06-05-191023-03-1970more 
Ruge, Otto09-01-188215-08-1961 
Ruiz, Alejandro Renteria26-06-192323-11-2009 
Rulli, Anthony R.28-09-1923  
Rush, Bill   
Rush, William C.   
Ruthven, Malcolm R.   
Ryan, Dale H.   
Ryan, Francis  more 
Ryan, Richard W.   
Rybacki, Joseph S.   
Ryberg, Robert William07-05-192519-02-1987 
Rybicki, Ben P.   
Rybiski, Harry   
Rysso, Robert Benjamin22-08-191700-11-1985 
Ryszewski, Waclaw   
Rzepecki, Edwin N.