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Bronze Star Medal (BSM)

The Bronze Star Medal was officially instituted by Executive Order 9419 on February 4th, 1944. It was based on the idea of Colonel Russell P. "Red" Reeder in 1943. He had launched the thought that it was good for the morale of the military when there was a decoration that could be awarded by Captains of a Company or Battery to the personnel who served under their command. Colonel Reeder saw this medal as the ground version of the Air Medal and first introduced the name "Ground Medal". At first the decoration was to be instituted with the U.S. Navy to be given to ground and surface personnel for heroic or meritorious deeds. For unknown reasons the institution did not occur. The idea was picked up by General George C. Marshall who wrote a memorandum to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The president instituted the medal the very next day.

The decoration could be awarded to any military who, serving within or together with the army of the United States after 6th December 1941, decorating himself by heoric or meritorious deeds as military, not participating in air operations, during military operations against an armed enemy or during an armed conflict in which the United States was not participating as a beligirent. The decoration could be awarded for the discribed heroic actions, not sufficient to be awarded the Silver Star or for meritorious actions or meritorious acting of service, which did not qualify for the awarding of the Legion of Merit. In 1947 the possibilities for awarding were enlarged. From that moment on the medal could also be awarded to any member of the United States Army that were mentioned in orders after December 6th, 1941 or who had received a certificate for exceptional service in goundbattle against an armed enemy between December 7th, 1941 and September 2nd, 1945 or who’s merit could be proven by documents dated before July 1st, 1947. This made it possible to award the Bronze Star to any person who had received the Combat Infantryman Badge or the Combat Medical Badge.
The Bronze Star can also be obtained by veterans or next of kinn. Military that took part in the struggle on the Philippines between December 7th, 1941 and May,10th 1942 could receive the medal when the action took place on Luzon, the Bataan peninsula or the Harbour Defences on Corregidor Island and were entitled to the Philippine Presidential Unit Citation. Military who had received the Purple Heart during the early days of the Second World War specifically for merit and not for wounds could in some occasions also exchange the Purple Heart for the Bronze Star. To any foreign soldier that fought in close coöperation with the United States Army, the decoration could also be awarded.

The Bronze Star Medal was designed by Rudolf Freund of Bailey, Banks and Biddle who also designed the Silver Star. The decoration measures 1,5 inch (38 mm) over all. In the middle there can be found another bronze star with a diametre of 3/16 inch (4,8 mm). All radials in the centre of both stars continue in one each other. The back bears the inscription "HEROIC OR MERITIOUS ACHIEVEMENT" and a space to ingrave the recipients name.

The medal hangs on a ribbon with a square loop and rounded corners. The ribbon measures 1 3/8 inch (35 mm) wide. Left and right can be fond a 1/32 inch (1 mm) wide white line, followed to the inside by a scarlet 9/16 inch (14 mm) broad band. In the middel can be fond an ultramarine blue band measuring 1/8 inch (3 mm) flanked by two 1/32 inch (1 mm) lines.

Every next Bronze Star awarded was to be shown by a bronze oak leaf cluster (US Army, Air Corps and Air Force) or a golden star (US Navy, Marines and Coast Guard). At every fifth award, the bronze and golden were replaced by a a silver oak leaf cluster or silver star. A bronze "V" for "Valor" was awarded when the Bronze Star was received for heoism in battle, thus distincting the award from the Bronze Stars warded for merit. This "V" was introduced in 1945. The action it was to be awarded for had to be of significant value. Only one "V" was permitted to be worn on the ribbon.

Abrams, Creighton Williams, Jr.* September 15th, 1914
† September 4th, 1974

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Adams, Lucian* October 26th, 1922
† March 31st, 2003
Plot: AI Grave: 555

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Adler, Samuel L.† April 20th, 1945
Plot: F Row: 11 Grave: 26

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Gable, Monroe M.   
Gagat, Stephen31-08-191213-02-1995 
Gahagan, Joseph Eugene29-05-1925  
Gainey, Carroll A.23-02-191930-07-1950 
Gallagher, James B.   
Gallery, Philip Daly17-10-190729-11-1973more 
Galligan, John   
Gallop, Joseph Wesley, Jr.05-11-192424-12-1944 
Galloway, John Thomas00-00-192200-00-1991 
Gammon, Archer T.11-09-191811-01-1945 
Gandy, Roland B.   
Gann, John   
Gano, Roy Alexander "Red"03-12-190220-01-1971more 
Ganzeman, Huibert Jacob18-06-191811-02-1994 
Garcia, Jesus S.   
Garcia, Joe A. 13-10-1945 
Garcia, Marcario20-01-192024-12-1972 
Garcia, Tomas S.   
Gardner, Clifford L. 27-08-1944 
Gardner, Jo B.   
Garetz, Charles   
Garland, Charles E.   
Garner, Frank G.   
Garnett, Wilfred Harold   
Garnett, Willie M.   
Garrett, Eugene H.   
Garrison, John12-08-192223-04-1945 
Gaskins, Richard Andrew16-11-190804-04-1977 
Gassaway, William F.   
Gasunas, Charles   
Gately, Adron O.   
Gatlin, Isaac A.00-09-191600-09-1961 
Gatschet, Moral   
Gaudette, Alphonse   
Gavin, James Maurice22-03-190723-02-1990more 
Gayle, Gordon Donald13-09-1917  
Gebbie, David O. 01-06-1944 
Gebhardt, Joseph T.   
Geidel, Merlin E.21-06-191904-10-2014 
Geier, William W.   
Geiger, William J.   
Geistert, Walter E.   
Gekosky, Edward J.   
Gelao, John J. 23-12-2011 
Gentile, Anthony F. 08-11-1944 
Gentry, Hubert   
Gentry, Willard M.   
Gentry, William George20-02-189913-10-1991 
Gentzel, Richard H.25-01-192306-10-1944 
George, Jacob A., Jr. 19-09-1944 
George, John 18-12-1944 
Gerhardt, Charles Hunter "Uncle Charlie"06-06-189509-10-1976more 
Gerow, Leonard Townsend13-07-188812-10-1972more 
Gerrie, Jack Scott 29-12-1944 
Gershon, Norman   
Gerson, Morton M.00-00-192314-04-2013 
Geske, James A.   
Gibbs, Eric Leon   
Gibbs, Neal C. Jr.   
Gibson, Donald Clay04-05-191307-01-1998more 
Gibson, George L.   
Gibson, Loyd D.   
Gibson, Paul W., Jr. 18-02-1945 
Gilday, John P.   
Gilday, Thomas K.   
Giles, Fred N.   
Giles, Grant30-05-192219-08-2001more 
Gililland, George A.   
Gill, Edward   
Gillespie, Garvis R.   
Gilley, Pelah02-12-191604-12-1944 
Gilley, Richard G.   
Gillis, William Graham, Jr. 30-09-1944more 
Gilpin, Calvin W.   
Giroux, Leo C.   
Gist, Kenneth Eugene31-01-192519-08-2011 
Gitlin, Sydney17-08-1923 more 
Gittardi, Piero   
Gladding, Leon David01-11-1908 more 
Glass, Austin O.   
Glazier, Ezekiel L.   
Gleave, Thomas Percy06-09-1908  
Gledhill, Alfred E.   
Glerum, Laurence D.   
Glossop, Marvon02-03-1916  
Glover, Charles C.00-00-1912  
Goffroy-Dechaume, Marie-France   
Gohlke, Norman M.   
Goins, Everette10-02-191824-03-1945 
Goll, James G.   
Golt, Leon T.   
Gonsalves, Francis C.   
Gonzales, David M.09-06-192325-04-1945more 
Goodale, Hoyt T.04-01-192029-01-1945 
Goodenough, Michael Grant18-06-190431-12-1955 
Goodin, Ishmael   
Goodnight, Harold E.   
Goodwin, Morris W.   
Gordon, John W. Jr.   
Gordon, Walter Scott "Smokey", Jr.15-04-192019-04-1997 
Gordon, William R.   
Gorisek, William P.   
Gorlewski, Stanley J. 09-01-1943 
Gorzelanczyk, Walter F. 00-00-2013 
Gossett, Robert G.   
Gotschall, Raymond L.13-11-1922 more 
Gott, Elred L.   
Gottschall, Richard C.   
Gourley, Horace M.24-08-191900-06-2004 
Gouyrand, Jean Emile   
Grabiarz, William J.25-03-192523-02-1945more 
Grace, Edward Thomas 26-03-1945 
Grady, Joseph Francis 23-12-1944 
Graham, Richard Gilbert "Bud"27-01-192021-06-2003 
Grainger, Fred17-08-191817-09-1944 
Gramling, Richard30-05-192105-07-2004 
Grandinetti, Patsy   
Grant, Leslie Renwick   
Grant, Ralph Martin   
Grassmick, David H. 08-04-1945 
Gray, David E.   
Gray, Glendon C. 02-08-1944 
Gray, Kenneth W.   
Gray, Robert D.   
Green, Ben L., Jr.   
Green, Bernard W. "Barney"10-03-191915-04-1945 
Green, Clifford R.   
Green, Thomas   
Greene, Ernest   
Greenfield, William D.   
Greenhalgh, Walter W.   
Greenwalt, Victor H. 26-08-1944 
Greer, Francis Upton "Frank"24-09-189517-05-1949 
Greer, Harold E.   
Greer, Howard W.   
Greeson, Francis V.   
Gregg, Stephen A.01-09-191404-02-2005more 
Grider, George William (USN)01-10-191220-03-1991more 
Griebel, John Houghton28-06-190110-03-1969 
Grier, Warren W., Jr. 02-05-1945 
Griffith, Bennie Willis, Jr.00-00-192100-00-1988more 
Griffiths, John Alan  more 
Grimmer, Melvin W.   
Grinnell, Alfred J.   
Groot, de, Jozef Geurt13-09-191630-10-1979 
Grosskopf, August V.   
Grubb, Quinton   
Gruber, Stephen J.   
Gruebel, Walter J.   
Gruitch, Jerry M.   
Grun, John W.   
Gruss, Edward William06-11-191418-04-1945 
Guarnere, William J. "Wild Bill"28-04-192208-03-2014more 
Guillory, Paul C.   
Guintana, Delphine   
Gullett, John L.   
Gunderson, Gordon   
Gunderson, James W.   
Guralnik, David B.   
Gustus, Paul E.   
Guy, Bruce R.   

Sources