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Bronze Star Medal (BSM)

The Bronze Star Medal was officially instituted by Executive Order 9419 on February 4th, 1944. It was based on the idea of Colonel Russell P. "Red" Reeder in 1943. He had launched the thought that it was good for the morale of the military when there was a decoration that could be awarded by Captains of a Company or Battery to the personnel who served under their command. Colonel Reeder saw this medal as the ground version of the Air Medal and first introduced the name "Ground Medal". At first the decoration was to be instituted with the U.S. Navy to be given to ground and surface personnel for heroic or meritorious deeds. For unknown reasons the institution did not occur. The idea was picked up by General George C. Marshall who wrote a memorandum to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The president instituted the medal the very next day.

The decoration could be awarded to any military who, serving within or together with the army of the United States after 6th December 1941, decorating himself by heoric or meritorious deeds as military, not participating in air operations, during military operations against an armed enemy or during an armed conflict in which the United States was not participating as a beligirent. The decoration could be awarded for the discribed heroic actions, not sufficient to be awarded the Silver Star or for meritorious actions or meritorious acting of service, which did not qualify for the awarding of the Legion of Merit. In 1947 the possibilities for awarding were enlarged. From that moment on the medal could also be awarded to any member of the United States Army that were mentioned in orders after December 6th, 1941 or who had received a certificate for exceptional service in goundbattle against an armed enemy between December 7th, 1941 and September 2nd, 1945 or who’s merit could be proven by documents dated before July 1st, 1947. This made it possible to award the Bronze Star to any person who had received the Combat Infantryman Badge or the Combat Medical Badge.
The Bronze Star can also be obtained by veterans or next of kinn. Military that took part in the struggle on the Philippines between December 7th, 1941 and May,10th 1942 could receive the medal when the action took place on Luzon, the Bataan peninsula or the Harbour Defences on Corregidor Island and were entitled to the Philippine Presidential Unit Citation. Military who had received the Purple Heart during the early days of the Second World War specifically for merit and not for wounds could in some occasions also exchange the Purple Heart for the Bronze Star. To any foreign soldier that fought in close coöperation with the United States Army, the decoration could also be awarded.

The Bronze Star Medal was designed by Rudolf Freund of Bailey, Banks and Biddle who also designed the Silver Star. The decoration measures 1,5 inch (38 mm) over all. In the middle there can be found another bronze star with a diametre of 3/16 inch (4,8 mm). All radials in the centre of both stars continue in one each other. The back bears the inscription "HEROIC OR MERITIOUS ACHIEVEMENT" and a space to ingrave the recipients name.

The medal hangs on a ribbon with a square loop and rounded corners. The ribbon measures 1 3/8 inch (35 mm) wide. Left and right can be fond a 1/32 inch (1 mm) wide white line, followed to the inside by a scarlet 9/16 inch (14 mm) broad band. In the middel can be fond an ultramarine blue band measuring 1/8 inch (3 mm) flanked by two 1/32 inch (1 mm) lines.

Every next Bronze Star awarded was to be shown by a bronze oak leaf cluster (US Army, Air Corps and Air Force) or a golden star (US Navy, Marines and Coast Guard). At every fifth award, the bronze and golden were replaced by a a silver oak leaf cluster or silver star. A bronze "V" for "Valor" was awarded when the Bronze Star was received for heoism in battle, thus distincting the award from the Bronze Stars warded for merit. This "V" was introduced in 1945. The action it was to be awarded for had to be of significant value. Only one "V" was permitted to be worn on the ribbon.

Abrams, Creighton Williams, Jr.* September 15th, 1914
† September 4th, 1974

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Adams, Lucian* October 26th, 1922
† March 31st, 2003
Plot: AI Grave: 555

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Adler, Samuel L.† April 20th, 1945
Plot: F Row: 11 Grave: 26

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Pace, Tom G.   
Padgett, Paul J.  more 
Page, J. D.   
Pagen, Edward E.   
Paiement, George H.   
Paine, Roger Warde Jr.13-08-1917  
Painter, Harvey Preston00-00-1918  
Painter, Mark A.   
Pajota, Juan00-00-191400-00-1976 
Palmer, Desmon C.   
Palmer, Edward J.   
Palmer, Howard D.   
Palmer, Robert S.   
Pankow, Elmer C.   
Pankuch, John P.   
Pantaleone, Nicholas C.   
Parady, Harold D.00-00-191105-03-1945 
Paris, Frank P.   
Park, George C.   
Parker, David T.   
Parker, Edwin Pearson, Jr.27-07-189107-06-1983more 
Parks, Leroy V.   
Parris, Robert Bruce   
Parris, Tom B.   
Parrott, Arthur E.   
Parsch, Roderick L.   
Parsons, Arthur D.   
Parsons, Ian McNaughton   
Parsons, Lewis C.   
Partrick, Darel I.   
Partrick, Edward Dudley, Jr.17-09-192105-06-2009 
Passanisi, John J.   
Patchin, Robert Fletcher Squires   
Patrick, Charles R.   
Patrick, Wadie C.   
Patterson, Thomas L.   
Pattison, Jack M.22-02-1921  
Patton, George K.   
Patton, George Smith Jr.11-11-188521-12-1945more 
Paulson, Richard G.06-06-192329-06-1998 
Payne, Daniel C.   
Pearson, Milton Harvey14-11-191707-12-1970more 
Pease, Foster S. 22-06-1944 
Peck, George S. 12-01-2010more 
Pellettiere, John M.28-07-191806-08-1980more 
Pelton, Frank B.   
Pembleton, James W.   
Pena, Michael Castaneda "Mike"06-11-192405-09-1950more 
Pendleton, Jack James31-03-191812-10-1944 
Peniche, Edward Albert "Ed"28-06-192516-08-2008 
Penkala, Alex M., Jr.30-08-192410-01-1945more 
Penniman, Richard E.   
Pennington, Charles A.   
Penwell, Leo05-01-192507-02-2011 
Perate, William M., Sr.09-08-192425-07-1997 
Perconte, Frank J.10-03-191724-10-2013more 
Perkins, John C.   
Perkins, Phillip L.   
Pernicone, Carmelo   
Perri, Peter P., Jr.28-02-1917 more 
Perry, Ernest F.   
Perry, James T.27-09-192300-02-2011more 
Perry, Joe H.   
Peternell, Paul09-06-192209-12-1944 
Peters, Allan L.   
Petersen, Daniel W.   
Peterson, Andrew   
Peterson, Charles Norman07-11-1922  
Peterson, Elmer T.   
Peterson, George28-05-191230-03-1945more 
Peterson, Kenneth F. 00-10-1998 
Peterson, Paul C.   
Petit, Marcel   
Petree, Weeden Arthur, Jr.00-00-191211-01-1942 
Petrovits, Eugene J.   
Petty, Charles R.   
Petty, Cleveland O.19-05-192406-03-1961 
Pfaff, Edward C.   
Pfleghar, William C.   
Phelan, Joseph Lawrence31-08-1907  
Philips, Vodra C.   
Phillips, Alvin   
Phillips, David Addison23-09-1924  
Phipps, William C.   
Pickelsimer, Willie C.   
Pickering, Richard C.30-05-192125-08-1995 
Piedle, Karl G.   
Pierson, Albert10-07-189922-02-1999 
Pierson, Claude W.   
Pinder, John J., Jr.06-06-191206-06-1944 
Pinney, Kenneth J. 28-09-1944 
Piontek, Frank C.29-09-191802-12-2008 
Pirtz, Matt28-11-191326-11-1944 
Pisano, Anthony   
Pitesch, William J.   
Pitterle, Rudolph B., Jr.   
Pittman, John D.   
Pitts, Leonard G.   
Plapp, Charles W.   
Platt, Gerald E. Jr.24-03-192108-04-1945 
Plesha, John   
Plomondon, Walter   
Poff, Albert Harvey10-07-191931-05-1966 
Pogorel, Bernard S.05-12-191616-12-2007 
Poirier, Vernon T.   
Polette, Lloyd L., Jr.08-02-191622-01-1945more 
Politi, Frank J.   
Pollard, Curtis Barnett   
Pollock, Edwin Allen21-03-189905-11-1982more 
Poltack, Maurice J.   
Pond, Calvin P.   
Pope, Everett Parker16-07-191916-07-2009more 
Porter, Mackenzie E.08-05-191422-05-1992 
Pot, Leendert08-07-191016-11-2001 
Potter, Elmer R.   
Potter, Richard H.19-11-192200-00-1991 
Potts, Benjamin T. 12-12-1944 
Powers, Darrell C. "Shifty"13-03-192317-06-2009more 
Poyner, William H.   
Pratt, William Veazie, II   
Pratte, Stanley S.   
Prejean, John E.   
Pressnell, James T.   
Preston, Robert H.   
Preston, William H. 27-09-1944 
Preztos, Bruno S. "Gadget" 03-07-1985 
Pribula, William J. 06-06-1944 
Price, Donald Walter Sinclair21-05-191722-04-1946 
Price, Warren S.   
Pridgen, Robert B.   
Pringle, John Malcolm   
Pruitt, Samuel Robert 16-08-1944 
Puffer, Arthur W. "Pop"02-12-191112-09-1997 
Puller, Lewis Burwell "Chesty"26-06-189811-10-1971more 
Pulver, Murray S.   
Pumphrey, A.T. "Pump"24-03-191722-12-2010more 
Puntman, Antoon Nicolaas Albert07-06-192029-09-2005 
Purcell, Warren C. 03-03-1945 
Purdue, Branner P.   
Purvis, George F.   
Pye, William S.   

Sources