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Bronze Star Medal (BSM)

The Bronze Star Medal was officially instituted by Executive Order 9419 on February 4th, 1944. It was based on the idea of Colonel Russell P. "Red" Reeder in 1943. He had launched the thought that it was good for the morale of the military when there was a decoration that could be awarded by Captains of a Company or Battery to the personnel who served under their command. Colonel Reeder saw this medal as the ground version of the Air Medal and first introduced the name "Ground Medal". At first the decoration was to be instituted with the U.S. Navy to be given to ground and surface personnel for heroic or meritorious deeds. For unknown reasons the institution did not occur. The idea was picked up by General George C. Marshall who wrote a memorandum to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The president instituted the medal the very next day.

The decoration could be awarded to any military who, serving within or together with the army of the United States after 6th December 1941, decorating himself by heoric or meritorious deeds as military, not participating in air operations, during military operations against an armed enemy or during an armed conflict in which the United States was not participating as a beligirent. The decoration could be awarded for the discribed heroic actions, not sufficient to be awarded the Silver Star or for meritorious actions or meritorious acting of service, which did not qualify for the awarding of the Legion of Merit. In 1947 the possibilities for awarding were enlarged. From that moment on the medal could also be awarded to any member of the United States Army that were mentioned in orders after December 6th, 1941 or who had received a certificate for exceptional service in goundbattle against an armed enemy between December 7th, 1941 and September 2nd, 1945 or who’s merit could be proven by documents dated before July 1st, 1947. This made it possible to award the Bronze Star to any person who had received the Combat Infantryman Badge or the Combat Medical Badge.
The Bronze Star can also be obtained by veterans or next of kinn. Military that took part in the struggle on the Philippines between December 7th, 1941 and May,10th 1942 could receive the medal when the action took place on Luzon, the Bataan peninsula or the Harbour Defences on Corregidor Island and were entitled to the Philippine Presidential Unit Citation. Military who had received the Purple Heart during the early days of the Second World War specifically for merit and not for wounds could in some occasions also exchange the Purple Heart for the Bronze Star. To any foreign soldier that fought in close coöperation with the United States Army, the decoration could also be awarded.

The Bronze Star Medal was designed by Rudolf Freund of Bailey, Banks and Biddle who also designed the Silver Star. The decoration measures 1,5 inch (38 mm) over all. In the middle there can be found another bronze star with a diametre of 3/16 inch (4,8 mm). All radials in the centre of both stars continue in one each other. The back bears the inscription "HEROIC OR MERITIOUS ACHIEVEMENT" and a space to ingrave the recipients name.

The medal hangs on a ribbon with a square loop and rounded corners. The ribbon measures 1 3/8 inch (35 mm) wide. Left and right can be fond a 1/32 inch (1 mm) wide white line, followed to the inside by a scarlet 9/16 inch (14 mm) broad band. In the middel can be fond an ultramarine blue band measuring 1/8 inch (3 mm) flanked by two 1/32 inch (1 mm) lines.

Every next Bronze Star awarded was to be shown by a bronze oak leaf cluster (US Army, Air Corps and Air Force) or a golden star (US Navy, Marines and Coast Guard). At every fifth award, the bronze and golden were replaced by a a silver oak leaf cluster or silver star. A bronze "V" for "Valor" was awarded when the Bronze Star was received for heoism in battle, thus distincting the award from the Bronze Stars warded for merit. This "V" was introduced in 1945. The action it was to be awarded for had to be of significant value. Only one "V" was permitted to be worn on the ribbon.

Abrams, Creighton Williams, Jr.* September 15th, 1914
† September 4th, 1974

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Adams, Lucian* October 26th, 1922
† March 31st, 2003
Plot: AI Grave: 555

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Adler, Samuel L.† April 20th, 1945
Plot: F Row: 11 Grave: 26

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Cabahug, Uldarico P.04-07-1924  
Cadien, Walter B.   
Cahoon, Pat   
Calder, James H.   
Calhoun, Harvey F.   
Callahan, John R.   
Callahan, Robert    
Callanan, David W.   
Camm, Frank08-01-189516-12-1976 
Camp, Cecil A.13-05-1914  
Campbell, Albert   
Campbell, Colin23-11-189526-07-1970more 
Campbell, John, Jr. (134th Infantry Regiment)19-09-191329-12-1995more 
Campbell, Miller T.   
Campbell, Reece A.    
Campbell, William Archibald27-12-188718-08-1971 
Cantrell, Fred H.   
Caple, Dale   
Cappadona, Peter R. 22-02-1945 
Capron, Jan   
Cardone, Guierino A.   
Cardwell, Ross   
Carey, Charles F., Jr.23-12-191509-01-1945 
Carlisle, Ross W. 24-02-1945 
Carlson, Kenneth R.    
Carlson, Robert M.    
Carlson, Sivert J.12-04-192211-04-1945more 
Carnes, Ross S., Jr.   
Caroccia, Nicholas   
Carp, Albert A.   
Carpenter, Claude A.   
Carpenter, William Richard "Pawnee Bill" 12-04-1945 
Carr, Grady Calvin19-05-1918  
Carrier, John S.   
Carroll, Francis Leo   
Carroll, Merle Ray16-12-1919  
Carroll, William A.10-03-191507-05-1964 
Carson, Harley E.   
Carson, Lewis W.   
Carson, Virgil B.00-00-192402-10-1944 
Carstensen, William H.   
Carter, Allan B.   
Carter, Edward, A. Jr.26-05-191630-01-1963more 
Carter. Le Roy B. 02-04-1945 
Case, Norris B.07-01-192220-09-1944 
Cashell, Joseph H.26-05-192310-06-1961 
Casper, Dorothy Elizabeth   
Cassetti, David B. 27-09-1944 
Cassidy, Fred J.   
Casteel, Frank 13-10-1944 
Castella, Donald Joseph   
Castello, Maurice Virgil   
Casto, Edward24-08-192129-08-2008 
Cathey, John W.   
Catlett, Charles R.    
Caton, Harold Brown "Pete"06-06-191314-12-2013 
Cecil, Charles Purcell04-09-189331-07-1944 
Cecka, James T.27-09-192022-04-1999 
Ceckowski, Francis Anthony   
Censulllo, Sylvio   
Cerrato, Rocco F.01-02-1916 more 
Cesino, Pasquale   
Ceynowa, Paul P.   
Chaisson, James J., Jr. 31-03-2001 
Chamberlin, John C. "Jack"09-11-192007-02-1990more 
Chambers, Doyle A.   
Champeny, Arthur Seymour13-08-189311-04-1979more 
Champion, William A.22-10-191617-12-2006 
Chandler, Francis W.   
Chandler, Robert K. 09-04-1944 
Chann, Nicholas   
Chanofsky, Nathan   
Chaplinski, Charles W.   
Chapman, Clarence R.   
Chapman, Elbridge Gerry, Jr.20-11-189506-07-1954more 
Chapman, James Price22-04-191922-11-2003 
Chapman, John Franklin13-10-191920-04-2013 
Chapman, Lawrence J.   
Chase, William Curtis09-03-189521-08-1986 
Chavet, William J.   
Chavez, Daniel06-05-192015-03-2005 
Chavez, Ernesto A.   
Chavez, Phillip G.   
Cheever, Francis L.   
Cherry, Joe W.   
Chesna, Julius   
Cheves, Wallace R.   
Chiappetta, John A.   
Chiarelli, Peter F.   
Childers, Ernest "Red Eagle"01-02-191817-03-2005more 
Chilson, Llewellyn M.01-04-192000-00-1981more 
Choate, Clyde Lee28-06-192010-10-2001 
Chojnowski, Walter   
Chop, Metro   
Choy, Jacob C. K.    
Chriske, Heinz H.   
Christel, George A.21-04-191830-04-1945more 
Christensen, George E.05-04-1920 more 
Christensen, Jerome, Jr.   
Christensen, Wheatley Theordore05-07-1918  
Christiansen, LaVerne J.   
Chrudimsky, Earl  more 
Church, John R.   
Churchill, Walter A.12-11-190321-09-1998more 
Cibbs, Eric Leon   
Ciganick, Joseph M.   
Clancy, Thomas J., Jr.   
Clapp, Edgar W.   
Clark, Charles Robert, Jr.28-05-191816-12-2008 
Clark, Earl C.   
Clark, Eugene F.   
Clark, Gilbert J.    
Clark, Harold Jr.   
Clark, Mark Wayne01-05-189617-04-1984more 
Clark, Samuel T.    
Clavett, Walter Roger15-07-1921  
Clawson, Harry Allen08-11-191906-10-1944 
Clay, Lucius Dubignon23-04-189716-04-1978more 
Clay, Willard L. 22-10-1944 
Clayton, Arthur H.   
Clayton, Crithon   
Clement, Erwin "Scotty"01-09-191303-02-2008 
Clement, George W., III00-00-191931-12-1944 
Clement, William Tardy27-09-189417-10-1955more 
Clifford, Joseph C.    
Cline, George W. 11-07-1944 
Cloonan, Edward A., Jr.   
Close, Bertrand James17-02-192513-02-2009 
Coady, James J. 25-01-1945 
Coakley, Walter Aloysius (jr.)07-02-192017-03-1945 
Cobb, John   
Cobb, Robert B.   
Cobb, Roy W.18-06-191400-01-1990more 
Cockroft, Robert S.   
Cody, Doyle   
Cody, John   
Cogan, Earl T.   
Cogozzo, Ludovic P.   
Cohen, Samuel D.   
Coker, James T.07-07-191703-05-1944 
Coladonato, Thomas   
Colalillo, Michael "Mike"02-12-192530-12-2011more 
Colburn, Edward R.   
Colcord, Herbert N., Jr.09-07-1925 more 
Cole, Arthur Paul07-03-192213-06-2005more 
Cole, Chaunsey D.   
Cole, Darrell Samuel20-07-192019-02-1945more 
Coleman, Therman E.   
Coleman, William E.    
Coles, James W. "Red" 27-10-1968 
Coleton, John M., Jr.   
Colley, Raymond W.   
Collier, Garland Woodrow "Tex"01-11-191805-10-1944 
Collier, John T.   
Collins, Dennis21-10-192227-09-1944 
Collins, Gerald E.   
Collins, Roy   
Collo, Frank P.   
Colosacco, Ernest H.   
Colson, Charles F.   
Colucci, Joseph V.   
Colvin, Ansel M.   
Comer, Alva G.   
Compassi, Marion   
Compton, Charles E., Jr.   
Conein, Lucien Emile29-11-191903-06-1998more 
Conger, Alwyn D.23-01-191410-01-1969more 
Conklin, James Carlton 11-07-1943 
Conley, Harry James20-10-192018-02-1974 
Conley, Henry F. (Fred Duane)23-01-192211-07-1943 
Conlon, Joseph M.   
Connally, David G.   
Connelly, Morrell F. "Buck"19-05-191914-01-2003 
Conner, Garlin Murl02-06-191905-11-1998more 
Conner, Robert E.   
Connor, Jimmy  more 
Conroy, Patrick H.    
Constantin, Bernice J.   
Conway, Stanley00-00-190500-00-1967 
Cook, Cloyce L.   
Cook, Cordelia E.   
Cook, Garland B.12-01-191502-04-1977more 
Cook, Harvey James02-04-191825-11-2003more 
Coolidge, Charles Henry04-08-1921 more 
Coombs, Richard S.   
Coon, Kenneth R. 00-00-1993more 
Copeland, Bill   
Copeland, Edgar P.   
Copeland, Hunter A.   
Copeland, Johnell   
Copeland, Scott   
Copeland, Sterling H.17-02-192327-08-2012 
Corak, Nick   
Corales, Richard Henry07-11-191704-12-1984 
Corbin, James O.   
Corcoran, Charles E.   
Cordell, Robert H.   
Corkran, Sewell H.   
Corley, Carl A.   
Cornelius, Joseph D.   
Corniot, Robert   
Cortez, Daniel24-06-192616-12-1944more 
Costa, Louis   
Costanza, Frank J.   
Costello, John J. 01-12-1944 
Cota, Norman Daniel "Dutch"30-05-189304-10-1971more 
Cotter, Lloyd H. 00-00-2004more 
Cottingham, Randolph   
Cotton, Chandler00-00-1921  
Coulter, Richard E. 02-03-2009 
Counts, Donald L. 06-04-1945 
Counts, Ernest L.   
Courtemanche, Harry D. 16-10-1944 
Couts, William L, Jr. 04-04-1945 
Covington, Jack   
Covington, John Alfred   
Cowan, Lynn F.   
Cox, James H.16-01-191728-01-2009more 
Cox, Ned S.   
Coyle, William J.   
Craddock, Roger H.   
Craft, McKinley   
Craig, Dan E.26-02-191322-12-2009 
Craig, Edward A.22-11-189600-12-1994 
Craig, Fred M.   
Craig, Jesse George   
Craig, John T.   
Crawford, Kenyon V.   
Crawford, William John "Bill"19-05-191815-03-2000more 
Creek, Roy E.12-02-1918  
Crenshaw, Oscar T.   
Crews, John A.   
Crim, William.L04-12-1921 more 
Cromp, Clifford C.00-00-1920  
Crook, Cecil Earl16-03-192623-06-2001 
Crook, Eugene E.   
Crooks, Robert J.   
Crookston, Spencer C.   
Crosby, Wendell   
Crossman, Raymond M.   
Crotty, Charles L.   
Crouch, Edwin Mason "Eddie"02-02-190030-07-1945 
Crouse, Glen J.   
Crowling, John 15-12-1944 
Crowningshield, Floyd R.07-05-1922  
Crowson, Edward A.   
Cuckler, Harold E.    
Culbertson, Kenneth M.   
Culler, William O.   
Culp, Wayne R.   
Cumberbatch, Allan B.   
Cunningham, Robert F.30-04-192102-02-2011 
Cunningham, William H.   
Curlett, Raymond J. 21-11-1944 
Currey, Francis Sherman "Frank"29-06-192508-10-2019more 
Curtis, Charles, Jr.   
Curtis, Chester E.   
Cushman, Robert Everton, Jr.24-12-191402-01-1985more 
Cussans, Thomas L.09-06-191720-05-2000 
Custer, Laurence R.   
Cutler, Paul   
Cutter, Slade Deville01-11-191109-06-2005more 
Cutting, Harvey W.   
Czuban, Joseph E.    

Sources