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Bronze Star Medal (BSM)

The Bronze Star Medal was officially instituted by Executive Order 9419 on February 4th, 1944. It was based on the idea of Colonel Russell P. "Red" Reeder in 1943. He had launched the thought that it was good for the morale of the military when there was a decoration that could be awarded by Captains of a Company or Battery to the personnel who served under their command. Colonel Reeder saw this medal as the ground version of the Air Medal and first introduced the name "Ground Medal". At first the decoration was to be instituted with the U.S. Navy to be given to ground and surface personnel for heroic or meritorious deeds. For unknown reasons the institution did not occur. The idea was picked up by General George C. Marshall who wrote a memorandum to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The president instituted the medal the very next day.

The decoration could be awarded to any military who, serving within or together with the army of the United States after 6th December 1941, decorating himself by heoric or meritorious deeds as military, not participating in air operations, during military operations against an armed enemy or during an armed conflict in which the United States was not participating as a beligirent. The decoration could be awarded for the discribed heroic actions, not sufficient to be awarded the Silver Star or for meritorious actions or meritorious acting of service, which did not qualify for the awarding of the Legion of Merit. In 1947 the possibilities for awarding were enlarged. From that moment on the medal could also be awarded to any member of the United States Army that were mentioned in orders after December 6th, 1941 or who had received a certificate for exceptional service in goundbattle against an armed enemy between December 7th, 1941 and September 2nd, 1945 or who’s merit could be proven by documents dated before July 1st, 1947. This made it possible to award the Bronze Star to any person who had received the Combat Infantryman Badge or the Combat Medical Badge.
The Bronze Star can also be obtained by veterans or next of kinn. Military that took part in the struggle on the Philippines between December 7th, 1941 and May,10th 1942 could receive the medal when the action took place on Luzon, the Bataan peninsula or the Harbour Defences on Corregidor Island and were entitled to the Philippine Presidential Unit Citation. Military who had received the Purple Heart during the early days of the Second World War specifically for merit and not for wounds could in some occasions also exchange the Purple Heart for the Bronze Star. To any foreign soldier that fought in close coöperation with the United States Army, the decoration could also be awarded.

The Bronze Star Medal was designed by Rudolf Freund of Bailey, Banks and Biddle who also designed the Silver Star. The decoration measures 1,5 inch (38 mm) over all. In the middle there can be found another bronze star with a diametre of 3/16 inch (4,8 mm). All radials in the centre of both stars continue in one each other. The back bears the inscription "HEROIC OR MERITIOUS ACHIEVEMENT" and a space to ingrave the recipients name.

The medal hangs on a ribbon with a square loop and rounded corners. The ribbon measures 1 3/8 inch (35 mm) wide. Left and right can be fond a 1/32 inch (1 mm) wide white line, followed to the inside by a scarlet 9/16 inch (14 mm) broad band. In the middel can be fond an ultramarine blue band measuring 1/8 inch (3 mm) flanked by two 1/32 inch (1 mm) lines.

Every next Bronze Star awarded was to be shown by a bronze oak leaf cluster (US Army, Air Corps and Air Force) or a golden star (US Navy, Marines and Coast Guard). At every fifth award, the bronze and golden were replaced by a a silver oak leaf cluster or silver star. A bronze "V" for "Valor" was awarded when the Bronze Star was received for heoism in battle, thus distincting the award from the Bronze Stars warded for merit. This "V" was introduced in 1945. The action it was to be awarded for had to be of significant value. Only one "V" was permitted to be worn on the ribbon.

Abrams, Creighton Williams, Jr.* September 15th, 1914
† September 4th, 1974

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Adams, Lucian* October 26th, 1922
† March 31st, 2003
Plot: AI Grave: 555

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Adler, Samuel L.† April 20th, 1945
Plot: F Row: 11 Grave: 26

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Daddow, Elwood G.   
Daff, William Richard28-09-191521-10-1994 
Dahlgren, Edward Carl14-03-191631-05-2006more 
Dailey, Lewis E. 17-07-1944 
Daitch, Joseph30-12-192301-11-2007 
Dal Santo, Uddone L.   
Dalton, Bill J.   
Dalton-Morgan, Thomas Frederick23-03-191718-09-2004 
Daly, Michael Joseph15-09-192425-07-2008more 
Daly, Thomas A. 23-02-1945 
Daniels, Nathan   
Daniels, Raymond A.   
Darby, William Orlando "Bill"08-02-191130-04-1945more 
Daspit, Lawrence Randall "Dan"18-10-190531-05-1979more 
Daughtry, George W.E.13-03-191805-03-2006 
Davidson, Robert Harold15-01-191910-10-1982more 
Davis, Benjamin Oliver, Sr.01-07-187726-11-1970more 
Davis, Dan Lambert04-08-1942  
Davis, Delbert H.   
Davis, Hugh A "Pete"16-10-192207-01-2008 
Davis, James J. 07-07-1944 
Davis, Jessie H.   
Davis, John W.   
Davis, Kermit L.   
Davis, Lorenzo J.11-12-192429-01-1945more 
Davis, Marquis E. 11-07-1944 
Davis, Marvin H.   
Davis, Ralph Otis19-01-189115-12-1967more 
Davis, Roger E.   
Davis, Samuel F.   
Davis, Thomas R.   
Davis, William F21-01-191714-10-1944 
Davison, Michael Shannon21-03-191707-09-2006more 
Dawson, Linwood Blakeley   
Dawson, Raymond W.   
Dawson, William J., Jr.   
Day, Ernest 00-06-2000 
Day, George R.   
Day, James Lewis05-10-192528-10-1998more 
Dazee, Frederick J.   
De Boer, Clifford 18-11-1944 
De Febio, Michael13-05-191812-04-1945 
De Grasse, Harold A. 06-04-1945 
De Right, James W.   
Dean, William A.05-04-192318-12-2003 
Debuf, Victor14-11-1923 more 
Deck, Harry M.   
Decker, George Henry16-02-190206-02-1980more 
DeCola, Joseph   
DeFrancesco, Rocco V. 27-08-2010 
DeFrank, Michael E.   
Defrise, Marcel Albert   
DeGiorgio, Rocco   
DeGlopper, Charles Neilans30-11-192109-06-1944more 
DeKoker, Arthur F.   
Delaney, Jesse L.   
Delia, Dominick S.   
Delmonico, Dominick 11-09-1945 
DeLonais, John A.   
Delude, Roland J.   
Delwo, Howard F.02-09-192029-11-1944 
Demott, Carey L.02-07-1917  
DeNard, Vincent V. 10-02-1944 
Deneen, Jerome C. 08-09-1944 
Denny, William M.   
Dent, Virgil B. Jr.00-00-192507-03-1945 
DePaepe, Raymond Howard23-12-192221-05-2013 
Derby, Arthur Lawrence Jr.00-00-191625-01-1945 
Derrisaw, Reo D.   
Dervishian, Ernest Herbert10-08-191623-05-1984 
Desforge, Joseph   
Desiderio, Reginald Benjamin (US Army)12-09-191827-11-1950more 
Desjardins, Joseph P.   
DeSmidt, Delmar   
Detweiler, Stanley H.   
Deutermann, Harold Thomas "Dutch"08-10-190330-06-1996 
Devers, Jacob Loucks "Jamie"08-09-188715-10-1979more 
DeVries, Herman J.   
Dew, Robert G. 27-09-1944 
Dexter, Robert B.   
Di Chiara, Generso R.   
Di Lorio, Libaerato A. 12-11-1945 
Diaz, Bernard, Jr.   
Dick, Merritt I.   
Dickerson, James Jackson "Dick"  more 
Dickey, George T. 09-09-1944 
Dickson, William H.   
Dicktakes, Spiro17-06-192107-01-2012 
Dicrio, Dominic W.   
Diece, Willis C.   
Dike, Norman Staunton "Foxhole Norman", Jr.19-05-191823-06-1989 
DiMartino, Emidio   
Dimas, John N.   
Dimmick, William Howard 23-12-2001 
Dinan, John Joseph   
Dinges Jr., Millard F.25-12-192128-08-2002 
Dinsmore, Robert W.07-09-192318-01-1995 
Diserens, Alton Henry "Diz"26-07-191825-04-2009 
Dito, Joseph P.   
Dixon, Aubrey J   
Doan, Charles   
Doane, Mark W.   
Dobosh, Joseph J.   
Dohler, William J.   
Dohs, Francis H. 23-02-1945 
Doleman, Edgar C.   
Donahue, Joseph K.   
Donnelly, Thomas J.   
Doolittle, James Harold "Jimmy"14-12-189627-09-1993more 
Doran, Robert E. 18-09-1944 
Dorsey, Joseph E.   
Doss, Desmond Thomas07-02-191923-03-2006more 
Doubleman, Nathan B.00-00-191527-03-1945 
Dougherty, Lewis A.   
Dover, Ellsworth D.   
Dowling, Harry Eugene03-11-1918 more 
Drake, Robert R.   
Drake, William A.   
Draper, Arthur Frank, Jr.22-04-192008-04-2005 
Drennan, John J.   
Drew, Eldon E.09-02-190822-05-1958 
Drovis, Seymour P.26-08-191907-07-1944 
Dryden, Edward J.   
Dube, Arthur A.11-09-191803-11-2009 
Dubose, Lucius S.   
Duffek, Rafiel L.   
Duffy, George E.   
Dufrane, Harold Noe09-09-192226-11-2006 
Dugan, Augustine Davis24-05-190216-07-1987more 
Duggan, Joseph Daniel01-11-191908-09-2009more 
Dukes, William Hubert   
Dumont, Louis Rene   
Dunbar, James D.   
Duncan, David T. "Defilade"   
Duncan, Jack M.   
Duncan, William D.   
Dunham, Russell E.23-02-192006-04-2009more 
Durand, Joseph Jean Marius   
Durant, John L. 20-10-1944 
Durante, Salvatore "Sal"   
Durkin, Patrick A.24-03-1917  
Durkin, William J.   
Durrett, Robert L.   
Dustman, William R.   
Dutch, Paul F.   
Dutton, Robert George "Bob"04-12-191612-10-1944 
Duvall, Everett W.   
Dvorcek, George A. Sr.   
Dyche, Derwood H.   
Dye, Everett D. 18-09-1944 
Dye, William C.   
Dyess, Aquilla James "Jimmie"11-01-190902-02-1944more 
Dykes, Clifford E.   

Sources