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Bronze Star Medal (BSM)

The Bronze Star Medal was officially instituted by Executive Order 9419 on February 4th, 1944. It was based on the idea of Colonel Russell P. "Red" Reeder in 1943. He had launched the thought that it was good for the morale of the military when there was a decoration that could be awarded by Captains of a Company or Battery to the personnel who served under their command. Colonel Reeder saw this medal as the ground version of the Air Medal and first introduced the name "Ground Medal". At first the decoration was to be instituted with the U.S. Navy to be given to ground and surface personnel for heroic or meritorious deeds. For unknown reasons the institution did not occur. The idea was picked up by General George C. Marshall who wrote a memorandum to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The president instituted the medal the very next day.

The decoration could be awarded to any military who, serving within or together with the army of the United States after 6th December 1941, decorating himself by heoric or meritorious deeds as military, not participating in air operations, during military operations against an armed enemy or during an armed conflict in which the United States was not participating as a beligirent. The decoration could be awarded for the discribed heroic actions, not sufficient to be awarded the Silver Star or for meritorious actions or meritorious acting of service, which did not qualify for the awarding of the Legion of Merit. In 1947 the possibilities for awarding were enlarged. From that moment on the medal could also be awarded to any member of the United States Army that were mentioned in orders after December 6th, 1941 or who had received a certificate for exceptional service in goundbattle against an armed enemy between December 7th, 1941 and September 2nd, 1945 or who’s merit could be proven by documents dated before July 1st, 1947. This made it possible to award the Bronze Star to any person who had received the Combat Infantryman Badge or the Combat Medical Badge.
The Bronze Star can also be obtained by veterans or next of kinn. Military that took part in the struggle on the Philippines between December 7th, 1941 and May,10th 1942 could receive the medal when the action took place on Luzon, the Bataan peninsula or the Harbour Defences on Corregidor Island and were entitled to the Philippine Presidential Unit Citation. Military who had received the Purple Heart during the early days of the Second World War specifically for merit and not for wounds could in some occasions also exchange the Purple Heart for the Bronze Star. To any foreign soldier that fought in close coöperation with the United States Army, the decoration could also be awarded.

The Bronze Star Medal was designed by Rudolf Freund of Bailey, Banks and Biddle who also designed the Silver Star. The decoration measures 1,5 inch (38 mm) over all. In the middle there can be found another bronze star with a diametre of 3/16 inch (4,8 mm). All radials in the centre of both stars continue in one each other. The back bears the inscription "HEROIC OR MERITIOUS ACHIEVEMENT" and a space to ingrave the recipients name.

The medal hangs on a ribbon with a square loop and rounded corners. The ribbon measures 1 3/8 inch (35 mm) wide. Left and right can be fond a 1/32 inch (1 mm) wide white line, followed to the inside by a scarlet 9/16 inch (14 mm) broad band. In the middel can be fond an ultramarine blue band measuring 1/8 inch (3 mm) flanked by two 1/32 inch (1 mm) lines.

Every next Bronze Star awarded was to be shown by a bronze oak leaf cluster (US Army, Air Corps and Air Force) or a golden star (US Navy, Marines and Coast Guard). At every fifth award, the bronze and golden were replaced by a a silver oak leaf cluster or silver star. A bronze "V" for "Valor" was awarded when the Bronze Star was received for heoism in battle, thus distincting the award from the Bronze Stars warded for merit. This "V" was introduced in 1945. The action it was to be awarded for had to be of significant value. Only one "V" was permitted to be worn on the ribbon.

Abrams, Creighton Williams, Jr.* September 15th, 1914
† September 4th, 1974

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Adams, Lucian* October 26th, 1922
† March 31st, 2003
Plot: AI Grave: 555

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Adler, Samuel L.† April 20th, 1945
Plot: F Row: 11 Grave: 26

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
MacCune, James   
MacDonald, Augustine G.   
MacDonald, Francis   
MacDonald, John H.08-03-192116-04-1991 
MacDonald, Philip J.A.02-11-191907-08-1984more 
MacDougall, Arthur, Sr.   
MacGillivary, Charles Andrew17-01-191724-06-2000more 
Macht, Walter D.   
Mackey, William E.   
MacLaren, James Clyde 27-09-2007 
MacNider, Hanford02-10-188918-02-1968more 
MacPhetres, William C., Jr.   
Macuilewicz, Anthony J.   
MacVicar, Norman MacClellan28-11-191301-02-2005 
Madden, Rondilee A.31-01-1922 more 
Maddox, George W.   
Madigan, James F. 27-09-1944 
Maerdian, Frank R.   
Magill, Samuel Wallace   
Mah Bon Quen, Albert20-11-192106-05-2005more 
Maher, Thomas J.   
Mahon, John F.00-00-1918  
Mahoney, James B.    
Maines, Adfur Eddy 25-01-1944 
Malarkey, Donald G.31-07-192130-09-2017more 
Maldonaldo, Gabriel L.   
Malengrau, Roger Fernand Fulgeance01-08-191424-05-1996 
Malicoat, Harry   
Malloy, John J.   
Malmberg, Kenneth V.   
Malone, Edward J.   
Malony, Harry J.24-08-188900-00-1971 
Manlove, Beverly J. 06-06-1944 
Mann, Edward W.   
Mann, Joe Eugene08-07-192218-09-1944more 
Manning, Kenneth N.   
Marcaccio, Anthony J.   
Marcotte, John H. 17-03-1945 
Marcus, David Daniel "Mickey"22-02-190110-06-1948 
Margelov, Vasily Filippovich27-12-190804-03-1990more 
Mariani, Harry F.   
Marino, Phillip C.   
Markis, Glenis W.   
Markley, Max J.   
Markley, Ralph E.30-07-191226-04-2003 
Marks, Edwin H., Jr.   
Markwood, Francis H. 06-04-1945 
Marrone, Charles   
Marsh, Joseph M. 11-10-1944 
Marshall, Colan M. 21-04-1945 
Marshall, Joseph W. Jr.   
Marshall, Julian M.   
Marshall, Ronald G.   
Martens, James C.   
Martilla, Arthur   
Martin, Edward J.   
Martin, Joe S.   
Martin, Leopold J. "Leo" 25-05-2011 
Martin, Resbert R.   
Martin, William H.   
Martinelli, Anthony V.   
Martiney, Thomas   
Martinez, Juan E.   
Martonosi, Leo W., Jr.   
Mascarenhas de Morais, João Baptista13-11-188307-09-1968 
Mascari, Joseph   
Mason, Everett E.   
Mason, Francis C.   
Mason, Ronald Alfred18-07-192826-03-1999 
Massey, Vernon   
Mastrangelo, Robert L.   
Mastronardi, Tony D.   
Mathwig, Robert J.   
Matsunaga, Masayuki "Spark"08-10-191615-04-1990 
Matthews, Meldon H.   
Maukonen, Carl E.   
Mauldin, Avery W.   
Maupin, Charles F.   
Maxwell, Robert Dale26-10-1920 more 
May, Martin O.18-04-192221-04-1945 
Mayer, Albert P.   
Mayer, Leroy C.   
Mayers, John B.   
McAllister, George W.   
McAtee, Victor A.   
McAuliffe, Anthony Clement02-07-189811-08-1975more 
McCafferty, Shirey Jess17-07-1915 more 
McCain, John Sidney Jr.17-01-191122-03-1981more 
McCalip, Leo Allen26-09-1916  
McCall, Thomas Edward09-05-191619-09-1965more 
McCammon, William Carson18-08-192521-02-1964 
McCann, John R.   
McCarthy, Charles E.27-09-1905  
McCarthy, Frank C.   
McCarthy, John J.   
McCarty, John T.   
McCarty, Richard B.19-03-192028-04-2011more 
McClintock, David H.26-02-191211-01-2002 
McClung, Earl E. "One Lung"27-04-192327-11-2013more 
McComb, Joseph D.   
McConn, John Luke Jr. "Jack"14-06-192306-01-2019 
McConnell, Joseph A.   
McCormick, James A.24-12-191703-04-2008 
McCown, Hal D.   
McCoy, Clifford L.   
McCoy, James R.   
McCreary, William Q.   
McCullar, Newbern S.   
McCullough, Charles J.   
McCully, Marion M. 16-04-1945 
McCune, William J.   
McDaniel, Stanley C. "Champ"   
McDonald, Gerard Hugh   
McDonald, Gordon J. 07-01-1945 
McDonaugh, Martin J. 24-06-2005 
McDowell, Samuel T.   
McFarland, Charles E.   
McGarr, Lionel Charles05-03-190403-11-1988more 
McGhee, Clarence E.   
McGinnis, Robert   
McGlothlin, Clyde H.   
McGourty, Jack R. 21-02-1944 
McGraw, Francis Xavier29-04-191819-11-1944 
McGraw, Romie L.   
McGregor, Joseph C. 09-01-1945 
McGuffey, Lester N.29-07-191923-07-2011 
McInnis, James R.   
McIntosh, Benjamin Charles "Chief"17-07-191513-06-2002 
McKay, Hortense Eleanor16-07-191015-01-1988 
McKean, Howard W.   
McKeever, Charles W.16-01-192426-03-2008 
McKenna, James E.   
McKeown, Harry L.   
McKinney, Howard A.29-01-191511-09-2003 
McKinney, Loren A., Sr.   
McLain, James Edward "Jim"21-07-192107-10-1994more 
McLaughlin, Donald P.   
McLees, John D.   
McMahon, Bernard Francis13-08-190723-02-1983more 
McMahon, James J. "Mac"   
McManus, Elwin L.   
McMeeken, James   
McMeel, John, Jr. 06-01-1943 
McMillian, Billy M.   
McMunn, Dean L.25-01-190804-03-1945more 
McNamee, John   
McPhelin, Michael F.   
McPherson, Edward Proctor02-04-191331-08-1992 
McPoland, Victor B.   
McQuinn, Wilburn "Bob"   
McSherry, Cletus L.   
McVay III, Charles B.30-07-189806-11-1968more 
McWhorter, Perry "Glenn"19-10-1923  
McWilliams, Raymond Robert29-02-192017-02-2005 
Meadows, Herman E.02-06-1918  
Meadows, James Melton   
Meehan, Myron B.   
Megellas, James "Maggie"11-03-191702-04-2020more 
Mejia, Alfred M.   
Melendy, Paul R.   
Melnika, Joseph K.   
Meltz, Kermit S.   
Mendez, Louis Gonzaga, Jr.14-07-191519-09-2001more 
Mendoza, Eugene C.   
Menefee, Raymond W.00-00-1917  
Meraz, Delfino S.   
Mercy, John W.   
Merli, Gino Joseph13-05-192411-06-2002 
Meronoff, Mike   
Merrill, Frank Dow04-12-190311-12-1955more 
Merritte, Edward G.   
Messier, Donald J.   
Metz, Henry R. 08-07-1944 
Metz, Karl 04-03-1945 
Mewhirter, Sydney A.   
Meyer, George W.   
Meyers, Earl L.00-00-190823-07-1999 
Meyers, Jacob P., Jr.   
Michrina, Andrew S.   
Milby, Raymond 11-10-2005 
Millea, William E.   
Millen, William Robert, Jr.00-00-192407-08-1944 
Miller, Anthony J.   
Miller, Carl D.   
Miller, Frank W.   
Miller, Herman Edward26-05-191425-07-2009 
Miller, John F.   
Miller, Maynard C.   
Miller, Nicholas C.   
Miller, Ralph Leroy 00-00-1995 
Miller, Robert S.   
Miller, Verle D.29-07-191415-05-1977 
Miller, William A.   
Miller, William S.   
Millett, Lewis Lee, Sr. "Red"15-12-192014-11-2009more 
Mills, Donald A.   
Millsaps, Woodrow W.12-09-191210-02-1990 
Miltonberger, Butler Buchanan (US Army)31-08-189723-03-1977more 
Mingle, Robert   
Minihan, William J.   
Mitchell, Edwin O.   
Mitchell, Henry Alexander McDonald   
Mitchell, Robert E.   
Mitchell, Robert Mazyck 19-09-1944 
Moeller, Edward W., Jr.   
Monahan, Edward A., Jr.   
Monchlovich, Mike   
Moncrief, Henry   
Monsted, Thomas O. 09-01-1943 
Montalvo, Lazarus C.   
Montgomery, Jack Cleveland23-07-191711-06-2002 
Moore, Bernard Joseph02-08-192107-05-2013 
Moore, James E.    
Moore, Joseph M., Jr. 11-11-1944 
Moore, Richard C.   
Moore, Robert E., Jr.   
Moorman, Clyde Edward   
Morahan, Joseph P.   
Moran, Robert B.   
Morgan, David W.   
Morgan, Fred O. Jr.   
Morgan, John J.   
Morley, Lloyed E.   
Morningstar, Wayne A.   
Morris, John Andrew14-12-191923-08-2008 
Morrison, Edward   
Morse, Verne V. 05-06-1945 
Mortimer, Joseph F. 27-10-1944 
Morton, James T.   
Moses, Ralph Joseph24-10-191914-03-1952 
Mosko, Joseph   
Moss, Nuel L.   
Moto, Kaoru25-04-191726-08-1992more 
Moura, Nero30-01-191017-12-1994more 
Moushon, Arthur W.   
Mower, Arthur H.   
Mowinckel, John W. 07-05-2003 
Mucci, Henry A. "Hank"04-03-190920-04-1997more 
Muck, Warren H. "Skip"31-01-192210-01-1945more 
Mueller, Albert J.   
Mullens, Vescor13-10-1907 more 
Muller, Joseph E.23-06-190816-05-1945 
Mulloy, Patrick J.   
Mundell, George L.   
Mundt, Charles E.   
Munford, Dennis Steven16-09-191227-02-2002more 
Munsenmeyer, Carl F.   
Murphy, Audie Leon20-06-192428-05-1971more 
Murphy, Edmund P., Jr.25-12-191920-02-2008 
Murphy, Frederick C.27-07-191819-03-1945more 
Murphy, Joseph A. "Joe"22-10-191300-00-1990more 
Murphy, Patrick F. 15-04-1945 
Murphy, Richard P.   
Murphy, Robert L. 09-01-1943 
Murphy, Robert M. "Bob"07-07-192503-10-2008 
Murphy, Vincent Raphael00-00-189610-07-1974more 
Murray, Charles P., Jr.26-09-192112-08-2011more 
Murray, James F.   
Murray, Samuel J.07-12-191828-04-2004more 
Muskey, Joseph Robert11-09-192201-08-1944 
Musselman, Kenneth L. 12-06-2013 
Myers, John W.   
Myers, Joseph F.19-06-191930-09-1944 
Myers, Max 07-10-1944 
Myers, Robert W.   
Myers, Stanley L.00-00-192200-00-1999 
Myers, William G.   
Myler, James L.   
Myrvold, Marvin G.   

Sources