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Bronze Star Medal (BSM)

The Bronze Star Medal was officially instituted by Executive Order 9419 on February 4th, 1944. It was based on the idea of Colonel Russell P. "Red" Reeder in 1943. He had launched the thought that it was good for the morale of the military when there was a decoration that could be awarded by Captains of a Company or Battery to the personnel who served under their command. Colonel Reeder saw this medal as the ground version of the Air Medal and first introduced the name "Ground Medal". At first the decoration was to be instituted with the U.S. Navy to be given to ground and surface personnel for heroic or meritorious deeds. For unknown reasons the institution did not occur. The idea was picked up by General George C. Marshall who wrote a memorandum to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The president instituted the medal the very next day.

The decoration could be awarded to any military who, serving within or together with the army of the United States after 6th December 1941, decorating himself by heoric or meritorious deeds as military, not participating in air operations, during military operations against an armed enemy or during an armed conflict in which the United States was not participating as a beligirent. The decoration could be awarded for the discribed heroic actions, not sufficient to be awarded the Silver Star or for meritorious actions or meritorious acting of service, which did not qualify for the awarding of the Legion of Merit. In 1947 the possibilities for awarding were enlarged. From that moment on the medal could also be awarded to any member of the United States Army that were mentioned in orders after December 6th, 1941 or who had received a certificate for exceptional service in goundbattle against an armed enemy between December 7th, 1941 and September 2nd, 1945 or who’s merit could be proven by documents dated before July 1st, 1947. This made it possible to award the Bronze Star to any person who had received the Combat Infantryman Badge or the Combat Medical Badge.
The Bronze Star can also be obtained by veterans or next of kinn. Military that took part in the struggle on the Philippines between December 7th, 1941 and May,10th 1942 could receive the medal when the action took place on Luzon, the Bataan peninsula or the Harbour Defences on Corregidor Island and were entitled to the Philippine Presidential Unit Citation. Military who had received the Purple Heart during the early days of the Second World War specifically for merit and not for wounds could in some occasions also exchange the Purple Heart for the Bronze Star. To any foreign soldier that fought in close coöperation with the United States Army, the decoration could also be awarded.

The Bronze Star Medal was designed by Rudolf Freund of Bailey, Banks and Biddle who also designed the Silver Star. The decoration measures 1,5 inch (38 mm) over all. In the middle there can be found another bronze star with a diametre of 3/16 inch (4,8 mm). All radials in the centre of both stars continue in one each other. The back bears the inscription "HEROIC OR MERITIOUS ACHIEVEMENT" and a space to ingrave the recipients name.

The medal hangs on a ribbon with a square loop and rounded corners. The ribbon measures 1 3/8 inch (35 mm) wide. Left and right can be fond a 1/32 inch (1 mm) wide white line, followed to the inside by a scarlet 9/16 inch (14 mm) broad band. In the middel can be fond an ultramarine blue band measuring 1/8 inch (3 mm) flanked by two 1/32 inch (1 mm) lines.

Every next Bronze Star awarded was to be shown by a bronze oak leaf cluster (US Army, Air Corps and Air Force) or a golden star (US Navy, Marines and Coast Guard). At every fifth award, the bronze and golden were replaced by a a silver oak leaf cluster or silver star. A bronze "V" for "Valor" was awarded when the Bronze Star was received for heoism in battle, thus distincting the award from the Bronze Stars warded for merit. This "V" was introduced in 1945. The action it was to be awarded for had to be of significant value. Only one "V" was permitted to be worn on the ribbon.

Abrams, Creighton Williams, Jr.* September 15th, 1914
† September 4th, 1974

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Adams, Lucian* October 26th, 1922
† March 31st, 2003
Plot: AI Grave: 555

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Adler, Samuel L.† April 20th, 1945
Plot: F Row: 11 Grave: 26

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
LaBar, Ralph F.   
LaCalle, Joseph L.   
Lacey, Thomas M.   
Lachmann, Kenneth C.   
Lacoste, Gerald Auguste Charles   
LaCoursiere, Leon J. 13-01-1945 
Lacz, Stanley P.17-06-191923-09-2008 
Laing, James N.   
Lalopa, Frank 09-09-1944 
Lambert, Leslie Leland28-03-192105-07-1997more 
Lambrecht, Irving H.   
Lamond, John   
Lamoureux, Francis M.   
Landers, Gardner Hayden12-11-191306-10-2006 
Landreth, Elburt T.   
Landstrom, Karl S.   
Lane, Joseph O.   
Laney, Nathaniel J., Jr.   
Lange, Gerard C.   
Langille, Allen F. 15-08-1944 
Langridge, Charles R.   
Lant, Robert P.   
Lantry, Henry B.21-12-191518-07-1977 
Larmann, George J.   
Larrick, John F.   
Larsen, Harold Henry "Swede"11-08-191106-02-1994 
Larson, John Iver   
Larson, Marvin L.   
Larson, Stanley Emil 23-05-1944 
Larson, Wilbur M.   
Lassiter, James   
Latter, Milton   
Laughlin, William Henry05-09-191418-02-2008more 
Lavenson, George00-00-191726-06-1944more 
Lawrence, John Thomas William30-08-1926  
Lawrence, W. D.   
Lawson, Arthur Emmett28-03-190811-10-1977more 
Layman, Fred H.29-10-191617-11-1994more 
Layne, Wayne D.   
Lazenby, William L.   
Le Clair, Vernon Golden23-04-191801-05-1970 
Leach, Gilbert Francis00-00-191600-00-1982 
Leach, Kenneth J.   
Leary, Thomas H.   
Lebenson, Len   
LeBlanc, Albert J.   
Lederer, Frederick John08-08-192001-02-2011more 
Ledford, Stanley Baldwin 16-12-2002 
Lee, Charles   
Lee, Clarence J.   
Lee, George Theodore05-08-191905-10-1954more 
Lee, Robert E.   
Leen, Robert   
LeFebvre, Henry E. "Hank"00-00-192218-04-2010 
LeFevre, Agnew C.   
LeFrançois, Wilfred Sylvio00-00-190109-06-1952more 
Lehman, James E. 09-07-1944 
Lehrfeld, Irving   
Leighty, John L. 26-02-1945 
Lekisch, Kurt   
Lemieur, Albert 21-07-1980 
Lemmon, Kelley B., Jr.   
Lenassi, Leonard22-11-1911  
Leno, Fred C.   
Lent, Daniel V.   
Lentine, Joseph F.23-11-191510-01-1945 
Lentz, Jerome H.   
Leonard, Edward F.   
Leonard, Thomas J.   
Leonard, William Nicholas  more 
Lepore, John   
Letz, Edward L.   
Leve, Joseph C.   
Levendusky, Thomas L.   
Levy Cardoso, Waldemar04-12-190013-05-2009 
Levy, Dave   
Lewenhoff, Tadeusz Zbigniew00-00-192000-00-1998more 
Lewis, French G.   
Lewis, Guy Jr.   
Liebgott, Joseph D. "Joe"17-05-191528-06-1992 
Lienhard, Paul   
Likins, Jr., Floyd Leo06-02-1933 more 
Lill, Harry R.   
Lincoln, Boyd L. 30-11-1942 
Lindeman, James Edward, Jr.   
Lindenzweig, William T. 14-01-1945 
Linder, Betram   
Lindman, Norman W.   
Lineback, Harold M.   
Ling, Walter J.   
Linkins, William Pinkney, Jr., "Bill"25-10-192225-07-1944 
Linna, George   
Lipham, Clarence Henry   
Lippe-Biesterfeld, van, Bernhard, L.F.E.J.K.K.29-06-191101-12-2004more 
Lipton, Clifford Carwood "Lip"30-01-192016-12-2001 
Little, Clayton Wallace08-10-192201-03-1961 
Little, Ernest W.01-12-191830-01-1945 
Livock, Arthur Henry Denzel   
Lizenby, Edward R.   
Lloyd, Owen R.   
Lockwood, Virgle E.   
Loeb, David   
Logan, Albert M.   
Logan, James Marion19-12-192009-10-1999more 
Lohse, Leslie A.   
Loibl, Mathew   
Lombardi, Cesaro L.04-04-192131-10-2009 
Long, John D.   
Long, John R.   
Long, William T.   
Longaro, Thomas   
Longland, Floyd W.   
Longstreth, Harry   
Look, Robert E. 23-11-1944 
Lorenz, Robert J.   
Love, John M. 15-06-1944 
Lovejoy, Cliffod O.   
Lovejoy, Earl G.   
Lovett, Bartley E.   
Lowe, Edward Stuart23-05-1906 more 
Lowing, Max I. 16-02-1944 
Lucas, Harvey B. Jr.   
Lucas, Wesley P.   
Ludwig, Kenneth K.   
Lullo, Joseph 00-00-1977 
Lumbert, Clifford W.   
Lumino, Joseph J.   
Lundberg, Kenneth A.   
Lundborg, Robert A. 14-03-1945 
Lunsford, Lloyd E. 22-02-2012 
Lussier, Louis L.   
Luster, Sam   
Luther, Gerald G.   
Luther, Henry M.00-09-191824-10-1944 
Lutten, Éric02-09-190413-02-1975 
Luttrell, George G.   
Luz, George17-06-192115-10-1998more 
Lyday, Billy Lee 01-06-2018more 
Lyle, Lewis E. 06-04-2008more 
Lynch, Charles P., Jr. 17-04-1945 
Lynch, Patrick W.   
Lynch, Timothy R. 20-12-1944 
Lynn, George L.   
Lynn, Harry W.   
Lyon, Robert W.    
Lyon, Thomas A.   
Lyons, Edwin   

Sources