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Bronze Star Medal (BSM)

The Bronze Star Medal was officially instituted by Executive Order 9419 on February 4th, 1944. It was based on the idea of Colonel Russell P. "Red" Reeder in 1943. He had launched the thought that it was good for the morale of the military when there was a decoration that could be awarded by Captains of a Company or Battery to the personnel who served under their command. Colonel Reeder saw this medal as the ground version of the Air Medal and first introduced the name "Ground Medal". At first the decoration was to be instituted with the U.S. Navy to be given to ground and surface personnel for heroic or meritorious deeds. For unknown reasons the institution did not occur. The idea was picked up by General George C. Marshall who wrote a memorandum to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The president instituted the medal the very next day.

The decoration could be awarded to any military who, serving within or together with the army of the United States after 6th December 1941, decorating himself by heoric or meritorious deeds as military, not participating in air operations, during military operations against an armed enemy or during an armed conflict in which the United States was not participating as a beligirent. The decoration could be awarded for the discribed heroic actions, not sufficient to be awarded the Silver Star or for meritorious actions or meritorious acting of service, which did not qualify for the awarding of the Legion of Merit. In 1947 the possibilities for awarding were enlarged. From that moment on the medal could also be awarded to any member of the United States Army that were mentioned in orders after December 6th, 1941 or who had received a certificate for exceptional service in goundbattle against an armed enemy between December 7th, 1941 and September 2nd, 1945 or who’s merit could be proven by documents dated before July 1st, 1947. This made it possible to award the Bronze Star to any person who had received the Combat Infantryman Badge or the Combat Medical Badge.
The Bronze Star can also be obtained by veterans or next of kinn. Military that took part in the struggle on the Philippines between December 7th, 1941 and May,10th 1942 could receive the medal when the action took place on Luzon, the Bataan peninsula or the Harbour Defences on Corregidor Island and were entitled to the Philippine Presidential Unit Citation. Military who had received the Purple Heart during the early days of the Second World War specifically for merit and not for wounds could in some occasions also exchange the Purple Heart for the Bronze Star. To any foreign soldier that fought in close coöperation with the United States Army, the decoration could also be awarded.

The Bronze Star Medal was designed by Rudolf Freund of Bailey, Banks and Biddle who also designed the Silver Star. The decoration measures 1,5 inch (38 mm) over all. In the middle there can be found another bronze star with a diametre of 3/16 inch (4,8 mm). All radials in the centre of both stars continue in one each other. The back bears the inscription "HEROIC OR MERITIOUS ACHIEVEMENT" and a space to ingrave the recipients name.

The medal hangs on a ribbon with a square loop and rounded corners. The ribbon measures 1 3/8 inch (35 mm) wide. Left and right can be fond a 1/32 inch (1 mm) wide white line, followed to the inside by a scarlet 9/16 inch (14 mm) broad band. In the middel can be fond an ultramarine blue band measuring 1/8 inch (3 mm) flanked by two 1/32 inch (1 mm) lines.

Every next Bronze Star awarded was to be shown by a bronze oak leaf cluster (US Army, Air Corps and Air Force) or a golden star (US Navy, Marines and Coast Guard). At every fifth award, the bronze and golden were replaced by a a silver oak leaf cluster or silver star. A bronze "V" for "Valor" was awarded when the Bronze Star was received for heoism in battle, thus distincting the award from the Bronze Stars warded for merit. This "V" was introduced in 1945. The action it was to be awarded for had to be of significant value. Only one "V" was permitted to be worn on the ribbon.

Abrams, Creighton Williams, Jr.* September 15th, 1914
† September 4th, 1974

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Adams, Lucian* October 26th, 1922
† March 31st, 2003
Plot: AI Grave: 555

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Adler, Samuel L.† April 20th, 1945
Plot: F Row: 11 Grave: 26

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Sabatino, Ralph Joseph26-11-192112-04-2015more 
Sabia, Michael G.   
Sage, Harlod T.   
Sahlin, Axel E., Jr. 09-04-1945 
Sahutski, Paul J.08-12-192308-12-1944 
Sajec, Victor   
Sakato, George T. "Joe"19-02-192102-12-2015more 
Salvestrini, Joseph J.26-04-191820-11-2000 
Samuelson, Sheldon H.   
Sanchez, Alfonso B. 20-10-1942more 
Sanders, Gafford W. 28-05-1944 
Sanders, Jimmie   
Sanders, Kenneth R.   
Sands, Joseph R.   
Sansale, Ralph 12-12-1944 
Saphs, George H.   
Sarmiento, Pedro 03-05-1998 
Sarno, Anthony M.   
Sasaoka, Itsumu 01-03-1946 
Sass, Jacob J.   
Satterfield, Henry D.   
Satterfield, Shelby A.   
Sauve, Paul E.03-09-191923-09-2008 
Savaresy, Richard M.   
Savchik, Nicholas   
Sawtell, William A.   
Sayers, Foster Joseph27-04-192412-11-1944 
Scalapino, Ralph03-09-191628-03-1999 
Scanlon, Leo F.   
Scarney, Herman D.   
Scarpinato, Louis   
Schaal, Alfred Russel   
Scheda, Joseph P.   
Schimmelpfennig, Irving R. 04-02-1945 
Schmalz, Charles E. 19-10-1994 
Schmidt, Samuel   
Schneider, Merlin Frederick (USMC)22-02-1901 more 
Schnieders, Raymond S.    
Schockley, Harvey G., Jr.   
Scholl, Benjamin H.    
Schommer, Charles-André29-03-192520-08-2009 
Schoonmaker, Frank   
Schorr, Hyman   
Schrage, Oscar D.   
Schreck, Martin N.12-12-192330-07-1990more 
Schriver, Andrew J.   
Schroder, John F. 05-06-1945 
Schuett, Donald A.   
Schultz, Irving   
Schultz, Leroy P.   
Schwamb, Harold J.   
Schwan, Francis J.   
Schwartz, Heinz K.   
Scott, Alvan J.   
Scott, Edward R.   
Scott, Robert M. 20-09-1944 
Scritchfield, John K.   
Sebree, Edmund Bower07-01-189825-06-1966more 
Sedicum, John W.   
Seehoffer, Harold C. 16-03-1945 
Seidl, James R.   
Seidman, Lawrence I.   
Seidman, Philip Kenneth18-06-1907  
Self, Carl C.   
Sellers, Harold Eugene (501st PIR)00-00-192206-06-1944 
Sergent, Carl   
Serrati, Albert C.   
Severance, Harry W.   
Shaan, Gerald V.   
Shafer, Kenneth W.   
Shaffer, Leon G.   
Shaffett, James T.00-00-192216-12-1998 
Shames, Edward D. "Ed"13-06-1922 more 
Shanahan, James P.   
Shanley, Thomas J.B. "Tom" 10-01-2004 
Shannahan, Jack P.   
Shapiro, William   
Shaw, Thomas Mitchell   
Shayowitz, Milton P.   
Shedd, Martin B.   
Shefrin, Seymour   
Shelton, Buck   
Shelton, Buck G   
Shelton, Millard  more 
Shenefield, Harry Eugene19-11-192516-04-2013 
Shepherd, Lemuel Cornick, Jr.10-02-189606-08-1990more 
Sher, Leo   
Sherman, Donald G.   
Sherrick, Arnold E.   
Shields, Charles W.   
Shields, Robert D.02-08-192017-01-2010 
Shiffer Jr., George E.15-08-192208-04-1945 
Shirley, Harvey   
Shiveler, Walter J.24-01-192320-11-2008 
Shockley, William Ralph04-12-191831-03-1945 
Shoe, Robert O.   
Shomon, Joseph James   
Short, Max 11-11-1944 
Short, William Edward29-04-192206-08-1945 
Shorter, Paul R.  more 
Shotkoski, David P.   
Shoup, Curtis F.11-01-192107-01-1945more 
Shumate, Carl T.   
Shunstrom, Charles Merton26-11-192004-12-1972more 
Shurter, Robert Allison, Jr.00-04-192100-07-1979more 
Sibbald, George H.   
Sibert, Franklin Cummings03-01-189124-06-1980more 
Sibold, Charles E.   
Siegel, Harry   
Silver, Ezra I.   
Silvestri, Alphonse R.   
Simeone, Archie14-10-191829-07-2013 
Simmons, Wylie B.   
Simone, Sam   
Simons, Arthur D. "Bull"28-06-191821-05-1979more 
Sims, Hugo Sheridan, Jr.14-10-192109-07-2004 
Singlestad, Sylvester Donald00-00-1917 more 
Sink, Robert Frederick "Uncle Bob"03-04-190513-12-1965more 
Siok, Julian W.16-02-192517-04-2018 
Sirotkin, Marvin 02-10-1944 
Sitton, Horace A. 12-12-1943 
Skaggs, Jack C.16-11-192012-10-2010 
Skeels, Dempsey C.   
Skeen, John V.   
Skelton, George W28-04-191321-04-1960 
Skinner, Jack E.   
Skocic, John M.   
Skolek, Leonard M.30-05-191814-07-2007 
Skowron, Walter   
Slade, Robert Gordon   
Slagle, Mearlen W.   
Slaughter, Chester C.   
Slaughter, John Sim19-01-191401-02-2017 
Slauson, Robert M. 02-08-1944 
Slensker, William 02-07-2012 
Slighthan, Stanley L.   
Smith, Archie D.   
Smith, Arnold W. “Yardbird”   
Smith, Byron F. 00-00-2016 
Smith, Corbin J. "Carbine"   
Smith, Donald Eugene   
Smith, Edward R.   
Smith, Harry C.   
Smith, Howard E.   
Smith, James W.29-06-192005-03-2011 
Smith, Jim O.   
Smith, Kenneth R.   
Smith, Odell 24-12-1944 
Smith, Paul Henry   
Smith, Richard J.   
Smith, Robert S.   
Smith, Walter Bedell "Beetle"05-10-189509-08-1961more 
Smith, Warren M.   
Smith, William A.   
Smith, William H. (Jr.)  more 
Smith, William Henry (Jr.)15-04-191408-04-1998more 
Smith, William W.27-03-191910-02-1952 
Smoot, Roland Nesbit07-05-190113-02-1984more 
Snell, Raymond H.   
Snively, Harold Lee31-10-192530-01-1960more 
Snodgrass, Alvin E.   
Snodgrass, William "Bill" G.00-00-192502-01-2014 
Snowden, Norwood L.   
Snyder, Frank J.   
Snyder, Jack00-07-1919  
Sobel, Herbert M.26-01-191230-09-1987more 
Solano, Joe02-12-192213-02-2013 
Solberg, Robert L.21-10-1922 more 
Sollenberger, Mc Cord (US Army)   
Solomon, Jerry I.   
Sommers, Albert P.   
Sorber, Chester   
Southard, Lawrence G., Jr.   
Souther, William C.   
Souza, Joseph   
Sovacool, John J.   
Sowell, James L.   
Sowers, Donald L.   
Spahr, Kimball22-09-1916 more 
Spar, Morton   
Spark, George   
Sparrow, Forrest Malcolm 02-08-2015 
Speidel, George Sebastian, Jr.12-04-1907 more 
Spencer, John Reffelle   
Spendolini, John00-00-190813-09-1944 
Spens, Thomas Patrick   
Spilman, Claude M., Jr.   
Spina, Ralph F. "Doc"05-10-191912-08-2007more 
Spinks, Kenneth U. 02-05-1945 
Spitzner, Jack F.03-08-1919 more 
Sporre, William C.   
Spradling, Clinton G.   
Sprague, Earl E.   
Spreeman, Carlyle Willis03-03-192108-06-2002 
Springfield, Thomas   
Springsteen, Gordon L. 04-03-1945 
Spurrier, Junior James14-12-192225-02-1984more 
Srp, Frank C.   
St. Clair, Albert M.   
Stadler, Burton L.   
Staehle, William C. (Jr.)   
Stanfield, Frank R.  more 
Stanford, Leslie E.05-07-192024-02-2010 
Stangle, John A.   
Stanley, John Edwin 00-00-1970more 
Stanley, Thomas Charles   
Stanley, Thomas E.   
Stauffacher, Thomas E.   
Staycer, Carl00-00-1921  
Stayton, Floyd E.   
Stecker, Raymond James26-07-191019-12-1967 
Steel, William N.   
Steele, Howard C.   
Steele, Margaret Yvonne   
Steele, Robert C. 08-02-1945 
Steele, Thomas E.   
Stembridge, Edward Chappell23-02-191811-08-1961 
Stender, Charles F.   
Stephan, Frank G.   
Stephens, Troy I.   
Stetson, Damon Mitchell01-08-191500-00-2010 
Stevens, Fred P.   
Stevens, Johnny Jr. 12-07-2007 
Stevenson, Alfred B.17-07-192610-07-1959 
Stevenson, Cecil Calvin   
Stevenson, Nikolai S.00-00-191903-10-2012 
Stewart, James M.   
Stewart, Leroy J.   
Stilwell, Joseph Warren "Uncle Joe"19-03-188312-10-1946more 
Stilwell, Richard Giles "Vinegar Joe"24-02-191725-12-1991more 
Stinson, Donald F.   
Stinson, William E.   
Stokke, Eugene Ivan "Gene"03-08-192417-01-2012 
Stone, Todd G.06-01-192428-11-1944 
Storc, Joseph P.   
Storzer, Ernest L.   
Stott, Frederick A. "Fireball"21-08-191701-12-2006 
Stouder, Eugene C.07-04-192504-06-2017 
Stout, Doyle A.   
Stovall, William Howard, Sr.18-02-189511-05-1970more 
Stover, Joseph Bell01-07-191519-05-2005 
Stowell, Robert Arthur Terence   
Strabala, Patrick Joseph 29-04-1945 
Strank, Michael10-11-191901-03-1945 
Stratta, Maurice D.   
Stratton, Fred E.   
Strayer, Robert Lytle02-03-191018-12-2002more 
Streeter, Drury Robert24-07-191027-01-2001more 
Strickler, Dwight C.   
Stroh, Donald Armpriester03-11-189200-00-1953 
Strohm, Edward J.   
Stromberg, Woodrow W.   
Stroud, Alton   
Stucky, William G.   
Stuebner, Herbert A.20-08-191931-01-2005 
Stupsky, Jack   
Suerth, Herbert J.28-10-192414-10-2017more 
Sugg, Douglas   
Sullivan, Orval E.   
Sullivan, Thomas F.   
Sultan, Daniel Isom09-12-188514-01-1947more 
Sunderland, Thomas E.   
Sundt, Harald S.   
Supenger, Eugene C.   
Surtees, George00-00-189500-00-1976more 
Swagel, Joseph A.   
Swanson, Wallace A. 16-06-2004more 
Sweeney, John E.   
Sweeney, John Thomas   
Sweet, Herbert J.08-10-191918-06-1998more 
Sweet, William J., Jr.   
Swenson, Paul A.   
Swenson, Robert S. "Bob"   
Swing, Joseph May28-02-189409-12-1984more 
Sy, Keith L.   
Syrene, Irving N.17-11-191705-01-1945 
Syrjala, Arthur N.   
Syverson, Douglas W.03-08-191715-09-1997more 
Szelugoski, Walter 24-03-1943 
Szmyt, Thaddeus J.27-08-191809-05-1996more 
Szyman, Robert R.10-04-192213-11-2005 

Sources