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Bronze Star Medal (BSM)

The Bronze Star Medal was officially instituted by Executive Order 9419 on February 4th, 1944. It was based on the idea of Colonel Russell P. "Red" Reeder in 1943. He had launched the thought that it was good for the morale of the military when there was a decoration that could be awarded by Captains of a Company or Battery to the personnel who served under their command. Colonel Reeder saw this medal as the ground version of the Air Medal and first introduced the name "Ground Medal". At first the decoration was to be instituted with the U.S. Navy to be given to ground and surface personnel for heroic or meritorious deeds. For unknown reasons the institution did not occur. The idea was picked up by General George C. Marshall who wrote a memorandum to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The president instituted the medal the very next day.

The decoration could be awarded to any military who, serving within or together with the army of the United States after 6th December 1941, decorating himself by heoric or meritorious deeds as military, not participating in air operations, during military operations against an armed enemy or during an armed conflict in which the United States was not participating as a beligirent. The decoration could be awarded for the discribed heroic actions, not sufficient to be awarded the Silver Star or for meritorious actions or meritorious acting of service, which did not qualify for the awarding of the Legion of Merit. In 1947 the possibilities for awarding were enlarged. From that moment on the medal could also be awarded to any member of the United States Army that were mentioned in orders after December 6th, 1941 or who had received a certificate for exceptional service in goundbattle against an armed enemy between December 7th, 1941 and September 2nd, 1945 or who’s merit could be proven by documents dated before July 1st, 1947. This made it possible to award the Bronze Star to any person who had received the Combat Infantryman Badge or the Combat Medical Badge.
The Bronze Star can also be obtained by veterans or next of kinn. Military that took part in the struggle on the Philippines between December 7th, 1941 and May,10th 1942 could receive the medal when the action took place on Luzon, the Bataan peninsula or the Harbour Defences on Corregidor Island and were entitled to the Philippine Presidential Unit Citation. Military who had received the Purple Heart during the early days of the Second World War specifically for merit and not for wounds could in some occasions also exchange the Purple Heart for the Bronze Star. To any foreign soldier that fought in close coöperation with the United States Army, the decoration could also be awarded.

The Bronze Star Medal was designed by Rudolf Freund of Bailey, Banks and Biddle who also designed the Silver Star. The decoration measures 1,5 inch (38 mm) over all. In the middle there can be found another bronze star with a diametre of 3/16 inch (4,8 mm). All radials in the centre of both stars continue in one each other. The back bears the inscription "HEROIC OR MERITIOUS ACHIEVEMENT" and a space to ingrave the recipients name.

The medal hangs on a ribbon with a square loop and rounded corners. The ribbon measures 1 3/8 inch (35 mm) wide. Left and right can be fond a 1/32 inch (1 mm) wide white line, followed to the inside by a scarlet 9/16 inch (14 mm) broad band. In the middel can be fond an ultramarine blue band measuring 1/8 inch (3 mm) flanked by two 1/32 inch (1 mm) lines.

Every next Bronze Star awarded was to be shown by a bronze oak leaf cluster (US Army, Air Corps and Air Force) or a golden star (US Navy, Marines and Coast Guard). At every fifth award, the bronze and golden were replaced by a a silver oak leaf cluster or silver star. A bronze "V" for "Valor" was awarded when the Bronze Star was received for heoism in battle, thus distincting the award from the Bronze Stars warded for merit. This "V" was introduced in 1945. The action it was to be awarded for had to be of significant value. Only one "V" was permitted to be worn on the ribbon.

Abrams, Creighton Williams, Jr.* September 15th, 1914
† September 4th, 1974

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Adams, Lucian* October 26th, 1922
† March 31st, 2003
Plot: AI Grave: 555

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Adler, Samuel L.† April 20th, 1945
Plot: F Row: 11 Grave: 26

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Haas, de, Thomas Franciscus Johannes10-01-191809-10-1998 
Haase, William F., Jr.   
Haberman, Fred R. (US Army)00-00-1912  
Haberstick, Jack Cook00-00-192100-00-2001 
Hack, Charles Jr.   
Hackimer, Charles P.   
Hadden, Donald R. 22-11-1944 
Haddy, Frank "Speck"15-10-192302-07-2004 
Haegstrom, Floyd A.   
Hafner, William O.   
Hagany, John J.07-06-192117-06-1981more 
Hagen, Guy B.   
Hager, Elbert   
Haggard, John O.27-11-192125-06-1944 
Hahn, Norman J.15-04-1918  
Hahn, William J.   
Haimann, William   
Haines, James B.,    
Haines, Rexford S.   
Haislip, Wade Hampton "Ham"09-07-188923-12-1971more 
Hajiro, Barney Fushimi16-09-191621-01-2011more 
Hake, Charles C.   
Hall, Charles Philip "Chink"12-12-188626-01-1953more 
Hall, Harold B.   
Hall, Harold Thornton01-08-1924  
Hall, James A.   
Hall, Lacy Loice11-01-191804-05-2014 
Hallahan, John F.12-11-190816-11-1960 
Hallett, Fred Curtis08-02-192116-04-2008 
Hallman, Vance L.   
Halloran, Alfred J.   
Hamilton, Edward H.   
Hamilton, Edward Smith "One-Eyed Dragon"00-00-191730-06-2006 
Hamilton, Elbert F. 04-07-1944 
Hamilton, Eldon   
Hamilton, Harvey Reed   
Hamm, Edward03-08-192201-02-2002 
Hammond, John F.   
Hand, Charles L.   
Handy, John Phillip12-05-191312-08-1944 
Hanlon, John D.00-00-1917  
Hanna, Edmund   
Hanna, Michael   
Hanneken, Herman Henry "Hard-Hearted"23-06-189323-08-1986more 
Hansen, Harold M.   
Hansen, Harry F.   
Hansen, James L. "Jim"00-00-192504-02-2006 
Hanyzewski, John Edward18-07-191809-02-1962 
Harcarik, Henry L.   
Hardie, John   
Hardman, James Donald Innes21-12-189902-03-1982more 
Harjo, David E.   
Harold Steffy   
Harper, Edward C. 07-08-1944 
Harrell, Gerold W.   
Harrelson, Walter W. 23-06-1944 
Harriman, Sheldon L.   
Harrington, Robert E.   
Harris, Billy J.   
Harris, Fletcher W.27-07-1923  
Harris, Terence C. "Salty"00-00-192018-06-1944 
Harris, Wesley Dalton "Spike"08-10-191605-09-1962 
Harrison, William H.   
Harrow, Frank William04-04-191908-01-1945 
Hart, Franklin Augustus16-09-189422-06-1967more 
Hart, James Frederick, Jr.17-09-191514-10-2011 
Hart, William R.   
Hartung, Joseph P.   
Harwood, Richard   
Haslam, Ralph Douglas21-01-192113-04-2002 
Haspel, James E.   
Hastings, Harry W.   
Hatch, Ira C.   
Hatfield, Ellis H.24-02-191905-04-1945 
Hathaway, Alevin A. 07-11-1945 
Hatton, Kenneth W.24-09-192101-08-2006 
Hatton, Lawrence B. T.00-00-192300-00-1944 
Haughey, Wilfrid H., Jr.13-08-1910 more 
Hausman, Carlton G.   
Hawke, Willard W.   
Hawkins, Floyd W., Jr.   
Hawkins, James W.   
Hawkins, Jesse M. 06-06-1944 
Hawks, Lloyd Cortez13-01-191126-10-1953more 
Haycock, Dick J.   
Hayes, John Paul19-06-1925 more 
Haynam, Paul Clay   
Haynam, Paul Clay13-11-1921  
Hays, George Price27-09-189207-09-1978more 
Hayse, Samuel Gregory04-12-192028-03-2011 
Head, James Stanley30-04-1916 more 
Heald, Herbert W.   
Healey, William Raymond "Bill"28-04-192422-09-2010 
Hebray, 'd, Charles Marie Maurice   
Hedrick, Albert   
Heffelfinger, Harlan B.   
Heffron, Edward James "Babe"16-05-192301-12-2013more 
Heidy, Donald   
Heimberger, Edward Albert (US Navy)22-04-190626-05-2005 
Heingtes, John A. 31-03-1994more 
Heintges, John A. 31-03-1994more 
Helbert, Luther Conley   
Hemenway, Alan H.   
Hemingway, Ernest Miller21-07-189902-07-1961 
Henderson, Roy J.19-03-192014-02-1945 
Henderson, Stuart Minshaw Knapp   
Henderson, William H.   
Hendrickson, Woodrow   
Hendrix, Ralph W.   
Hendrix, Walter L.20-12-192415-02-2000 
Henry, Joseph F.   
Henry, Leonard V.   
Henry, Robert F.00-00-1915  
Henry, Rolla G.   
Hensleigh, Howard E.29-10-192029-12-2014 
Hensley, Claude02-02-191415-04-1945 
Hentzell, Robert E.   
Hergott, Joseph A. 27-08-1944 
Herlong, Robert H.   
Hernandez, Frank R. 31-10-1998 
Hervey, Harcourt02-09-189200-00-1970 
Herzog, Elmer H.   
Hess, Walter Jr.   
Hessell, Robert A.   
Hester, Joseph Lee "Joe"15-09-191830-01-1966 
Hettrick, Donald J.   
Hetzel, Francis R. 17-02-1945 
Heyliger, Frederick Theodore "Moose"23-06-191603-11-2001 
Hickey, Doyle O.27-07-189220-10-1961more 
Hicks, Jewell V.   
Hicks, Roland J.   
Hill, Ernest D., Sr.   
Hill, Garrett L.   
Hill, Harvey B.   
Hillman, Charles T. 07-08-1944 
Hilty, James R.   
Hinds, John H. 18-01-1993more 
Hinds, Paul Laverne, Sr.13-04-192013-01-2012 
Hines, David E.   
Hines, Guy W.   
Hintz, Charles Leland00-00-191230-06-2006 
Hirano, Toru   
Hird, Richard W.   
Hirsch, Oscar L.08-01-192004-12-1952 
Hisaoka, Gary Tsuruo12-03-191710-04-1944 
Hniedziejko, Edward A.   
Hoagland, Donald Stuart18-04-191527-01-2009 
Hobbs, Leland Stanford00-00-189206-03-1966 
Hochreiter, Francis   
Hodges, Andrew Gerow14-06-191813-10-2005 
Hodges, Warren D.   
Hoeflaken, van, Piet05-08-190629-04-1982 
Hoffer, John P., Jr.24-11-192327-07-1944 
Hoffer, William F. 01-03-1945 
Hofstadter, Richard L.   
Hogan, Jack 17-08-1944 
Hoger, Louis A.   
Hogrefe, Sherman Marshall13-01-192004-01-1954 
Holabird, John Augur, Jr.00-00-192016-02-2009 
Holesovsky, Nathaniel H.    
Hollingsworth, Alva D.   
Hollinrake, Harlen W.   
Hollis, O.V.21-03-192112-08-2015 
Hollstein, Ralph C.   
Holly, Evan   
Holmes, Burton H.   
Holmes, Ephraim Paul14-05-190823-02-1997more 
Holmes, George28-04-1921  
Holmes, Otho Eugene01-01-191929-09-1959more 
Holona, Jimmie   
Holt, Arthur R. 04-04-1945 
Holt, Henry C.   
Holt, James C.   
Holycross, Harold L.   
Homer Jr., Jackson Mitchell   
Homer, Albert M.   
Hoover, Charles L.   
Hoover, Robert M.   
Hopcraft, Harry J.   
Hopkins, Walter T.   
Hopkins, Willie   
Hopper, Clifton A.   
Horan, Joseph A., Sr.24-02-191928-07-2001 
Hord, Shelby Robert26-04-192411-11-2013more 
Horn, Edward A. "Ed" 18-04-2012 
Horn, Neil L.   
Horne, Robert J. 22-04-1945 
Horton, Alonzo R.   
Horton, Len M.12-05-192627-10-2014 
Horvath, Stephen J.   
Horwath, Louis F.21-08-191711-01-2014 
Hoskins, Lewis T.   
Houck, Julius A. "Rusty"28-08-192106-06-1944 
Howard, James Brandt17-12-1916 more 
Howe, Merle H.11-04-189630-08-1945more 
Howell, Thomas Dean   
Howie, Thomas Dry00-00-190817-07-1944 
Howrie, Paul L.   
Howze, Hamilton Hawkins21-12-190808-12-1998more 
Hruby, Charles 07-07-1944 
Hruska, Lambert J. 10-08-1943 
Hubbard, Albert E.   
Hubbard, Edward L.08-12-191815-06-2013 
Huddleston, Arthur B.  more 
Hudson, Willard A.   
Huelsbeck, Raymond J.   
Huff, Gerald M.   
Hughes, Ralph H.23-10-191825-04-1945 
Hughes, Samuel W.23-06-192502-01-1966more 
Hughes, Thomas P.   
Hughes, William J.   
Huling, Arthur M.31-05-1921 more 
Hum, Edward K., Jr.   
Humbert, Jacques Eugene Albert   
Humphrey, Harold W.    
Huners, Henry G.10-10-191527-09-1996 
Hungate, William C.   
Hunkapiller, Hoyt21-05-192201-10-2012 
Hunsaker, Horace D.   
Hunsaker, Ray L., Jr.   
Hunt, Raymond P.   
Hunt, William E. 02-08-1944 
Hunter, John G., Jr.   
Hunter, Marcelle W.26-02-191503-06-1942 
Hureau, Robert M.   
Hurley, Albert F., Jr.   
Huskinson, Hal S.   
Hutchins, Harmen O.   
Hutchins, Robert E.   
Hutchinson, James M.   
Huter, Robert W.17-09-191209-08-1947 
Hutton, Coy D. Jr.   
Hyde, Virgil E.   
Hysell, Homer C.   

Sources