Navy Cross

When the United States entered the First World War, the country had no other meritorious decoration than the Medal of Honor. It had no decoration to recognize heroic actions that could not apply for the Medal of Honor. To fill this gap, the US Army instituted the Distinguished Service Cross and the Distinguished Service Medal in 1918. The Navy and Marine Corps followed somewhat later.
On February 4th 1919, the Navy Cross was instituted by act of Congress as the third highest Naval decoration after the Navy Medal of Honor and the Navy Distinguished Service Medal.

This made the medal not very popular. Most servicemen regarded it as a minor decoration.
The Navy Cros was made retroactive till April 6th 1917. On August 7th 1942, the Congress upgraded the medal and placed it directly under the Medal of Honor. It then became a combat-only recognition.

The Navy Cross was designed by James Earl Fraser. Through the years it knew some differences. The medal itself has always been the same. It is a three part construction. The cross and the front and the back of the medallion are struck separately and soldered together. The earliest version (1919-1928) wears a ribbon with a very narrow white stripe on the blue cloth. The medal has mostly a dull, greenish bronze colour. The later issues (1928-1941) have a more custom .5" white stripe on the ribbon and are of a more darker, gunmetal bronze.
The cross is designed as a modified cross that measures 1,5 inches wide. The ends of the arms are rounded. On each re-entrant arms of the cross can be found a bunch of laurel leaves with berries to represent achievement. In the centre is depicted a sailing vessel on waves, sailing to the left. The ship is a so called Caravelle, symbolic for sailing ships of the 14th century.
The reverse bears crossed anchors of the pre-1850 period, with attached cables. In the mid can be found the letters USN.
The ribbon is in Navy Blue with a white stripe in the center, to represent the Navy service and the purity of selflessness.

The Navy Cross may be awarded to any person who, while serving with the Navy or Marine Corps, distinguishes himself in action by extraordinary heroism not justifying an award of the Medal of Honor. The action must take place under one of three circumstances: while engaged in action against an enemy of the United States; while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force; or, while serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict in which the United States is not a belligerent party. To earn a Navy Cross the act to be commended must be performed in the presence of great danger or at great personal risk and must be performed in such a manner as to render the individual highly conspicuous among others of equal grade, rate, experience, or position of responsibility. An accumulation of minor acts of heroism does not justify an award of the Navy Cross.

Replicas are almost without exception struck out of one piece instead of the original three piece construction. During the years 1941-1942 a variation was seen that was nicknamed “Black Widow” with a blackened finish of the medal. Most of these awards were awarded posthumously. From the mid of World War Two the more original dull bronze finish was once more adapted.

Abele, Mannert Lincoln* July 11th, 1903
† August 16th, 1942

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Gabaldon, Guy Louis22-03-192631-08-2006 
Gabel, Robert W.   
Gabriel, Williard F.   
Gagnon, Leo M.   
Gaiennie, George William   
Galantin, Ignatius J.   
Gallagher, William   
Gallaher, Anton Renkl   
Gallaher, Willmer E.   
Gambino, Frank Joseph   
Gamble, Lester H.   
Gammage, Thomas Milton01-02-1918  
Gandy, Andrew Jackson, Jr.   
Gano, Roy Alexander   
Gant, Que   
Gardner, Clyde G., Jr.   
Garretson, Frank E.   
Garrett, Nolen M.   
Garrett, William Robert   
Garrison, Malcolm Everett   
Gatch, Thomas Leigh   
Gates, Charles R.   
Gauvey, William, Jr.   
Gavin, Thomas P.   
Gay, George Henry, Jr.08-03-191721-10-1994 
Gay, Roy M.   
Gayle, Gordon Donald13-09-1917  
Gayler, Noel A.M.   
Gaynier, Oswald J.   
Gee, Roy Phillip   
Gehres, Leslie Edward23-09-189815-05-1975more 
Gehrke, Wilbur J.   
Geiger, Roy Stanley25-01-188523-01-1947more 
Geisler, Joseph B.   
Gelshenen, Martin L.   
Gentile, Ernest John16-11-1909  
George, Eugene Frank   
Georguis, Melvin Henry   
Geraghty, Joseph Cavanaugh11-02-1923  
Germershausen, William Joseph, Jr.   
Gerst, James L.   
Gerycz, Steve   
Ghesquire, George David   
Gibbs George A.   
Gibbs, Harry B.   
Gibson, Edward Frank   
Gibson, Robert Douglas   
Gibson, William Kemp, Jr.   
Gift, Ronald Paul   
Gilbert, Clifford R.   
Gilbert, Lawrence Edwin13-11-191713-11-2002 
Gilchrest, Dexter Stuart   
Gilfert, R.B.   
Gill, Richard R.   
Gill, Warren Calavan   
Gilliland, Theodore B.19-01-192107-10-1994 
Gilmore, Howard Walter29-09-190207-02-1943more 
Gilreath, John Franklin   
Gilroy, Anthony Francis   
Gimber C.F.   
Ginder, John K.B.   
Givens, Warren L.18-11-192407-08-1942more 
Glacken, George Thomas   
Glass Richard Raymond   
Glenn, Robert S.   
Glidden, Elmer   
Globokar, Raymond   
Glover, Cato Douglas, Jr.   
Gluntz, George A.   
Glynn, James Mercer   
Godwin, Edward R.   
Goebel, Morris Ralph   
Goff, Herbert B., Jr. 15-09-1944 
Goff, William A.   
Goffigon, Kemper, III   
Goheen, Richard R. P. "Dick"00-00-191717-03-1946 
Goldman, James F.   
Goldsmith, George H.   
Goldsmith, Myron J.   
Gombasy, Louis G.   
Good, William Thomas   
Goodall, Henry W.   
Goodrich, Robert Raymond   
Goodson, Nelson   
Goodwin, Harry Allen   
Gorder, Merle Howard   
Gordon, Finley Arnold   
Gordon, Robert Thornton   
Gore, John Robert, Jr.   
Gorham, William Walter   
Gorman, John Raymond   
Gorton, Independent Whipple   
Goslin, Victor E.   
Goss, Angus R.   
Gould, Frank G.   
Gove, Willard Thomas   
Govel, Anderw   
Grabowsky, Leon   
Grady, George Francis28-04-192007-08-1942 
Grady, William Richard 'Dick'30-05-192019-02-1943 
Graham, Donald A.   
Graham, Hugh E., Jr.   
Graham, Ralph Ellsworth   
Graham, Vernon E.   
Gramling, Louis R.   
Granat, William   
Granston, Robert W.   
Grant, Daryl L.   
Grant, James Dorr   
Grant, William Alexander, Jr.   
Grantham, Elonzo B., Jr.   
Grassi, Everett B.   
Gratzek, Thomas J.   
Grau, Leroy Harry   
Gravitt, John C.   
Gray, John Floyd   
Gray, John Porter   
Gray, Philip R.   
Gray, Robert L.   
Gray, Steven Thomas   
Grazier, George H.   
Greber, Charles Frederic   
Greely, Joseph   
Green, Charles E.   
Green, Daniel M.   
Green, James H.   
Greenamyer, Lloyd Keyes   
Greene, Edgar C.   
Greene, Eugene Allen   
Greene, Thomas Jethro   
Greenwell, John "Jack"25-09-192208-01-2011 
Greer, Harry Holt, Jr.   
Greer, Richard Donald, Jr.   
Gregg, Max Eugene   
Gregor, Orville F.   
Greig, William D.   
Grenfell, Elton Watters17-06-190300-00-1980 
Greshilov, Mikhail Vasilyevich15-11-191208-03-2004more 
Gribbin, Thomas A.   
Grider, George William01-10-191220-03-1991more 
Griese, Wilbur C.   
Griffin, Edward R.J.   
Griffin, William A. 15-06-1944 
Griffith, Samuel B.   
Griffth, Walter T.   
Grissim, William H., III   
Gross, John M.   
Gross, Royce L.   
Grossi, Dominick J.09-09-192008-03-1945 
Grove, Robert Woodrow   
Groves, Stephen W.   
Grubiss, Hubert Frederick   
Gruner, William Philip, Jr. "Bud"18-09-191310-06-2002 
Gruver, Harry L.   
Guest, William Selman   
Guilano, Guiseppe, Jr.   
Guinn, Dick Henry   
Gundert, Leonard A.   
Gunn, Frederick Arthur13-10-191107-08-1994 
Gunter, John Burrows   
Gunther, Franklin W.   
Gurin, Anton Iosifovich28-09-191022-10-1962 
Guskov, E.V.   
Guthrie, Orbie C.   
Gutowski, Thomas Michael   
Guttenberger, Francis M.   
Guy, Jack Oswald